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Heather A. Conley, Vladimir Orlov, Gen. Evgeny Buzhinsky, Cyrus Newlin, Sergey Semenov and Roksana Gabidullina
The Future of U.S.-Russian Arms Control: Principles of Engagement and New Approaches image

As one of its first security policy decisions, the Biden administration agreed to extend the New START Treaty for five years with no conditions.  The New START Treaty represents one of the last remaining vestiges of international arms control architecture and one of the few areas of potentially prod...

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Dmitry Kovchegin

The program to upgrade material protection, control, and accounting (MPC&A) systems at Russian nuclear facilities is an essential component of Russian-U.S. cooperation in the area of nuclear threat reduction. Not formally a part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program, the MPC&A Program is being implemented under a separate MPC&A agreement between the Russian and U.S. governments, signed on October 2, 1999. Bilateral cooperation in the area of nuclear materials security has been running since 1992 under different agreements between the two governments, and also between U.S. national laboratories and Russian nuclear institutes. However, for the purposes of this work, we will discuss this cooperation in the form in which it has been implemented since 1999.


PIR Center, 2013