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On January 19, 2021, Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Director of the PIR Center, gave an interview to Security Index journal.


SECURITY INDEX: In your recent op-ed column, co-authored with Sergey Semenov and published by Kommersant Daily, you stated that “Russia and the United States, as major nuclear-weapo...

Heather A. Conley, Vladimir Orlov, Gen. Evgeny Buzhinsky, Cyrus Newlin, Sergey Semenov and Roksana Gabidullina
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As one of its first security policy decisions, the Biden administration agreed to extend the New START Treaty for five years with no conditions.  The New START Treaty represents one of the last remaining vestiges of international arms control architecture and one of the few areas of potentially prod...

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Saudi Arabia is considered a nuclear “newcomer”. Although Saudi Arabia’s nuclear program dates back to the 1960s, the kingdom has demonstrated significant interest in nuclear energy only over the last decade. The Saudi interest in the peaceful use of nuclear energy is due to several reasons, among w...

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  • Affiliation : Prof., Acad., Russian Academy of Sciences, Academic Director, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
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Settlement of the Syrian Conflict: Prospects for National Dialogue and International Cooperation. Rationale behind Russian Policies

Vitaly V. Naumkin

I believe that during the last months, we have been witnessing very serious changes inside Syria and around Syria. So, I will start with some truth inventory of the main developments that can help us to understand what is going on. The first issue that I would like to stress is that we are still witnessing a multilevel conflict in Syria. We have mainly three levels of conflictual relationships.

The first one is local. We have the Government of Syria and the front of loyalists which is a very big segment of the Syrian society supporting the current government. So, I do not know exactly how large is this segment, but the important thing is that there is such a big segment that believe that the current government is the best choice for Syria and much better than if some rebel or armed opposition groups comes to power.

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