Popular articles

PIR Center consultant Oleg Demidov describes the role of the Verisign corporation in the DNS root zone management, comments on the process U.S. Department of Trade’s withdrawal from direct contractual relationship with the technical management of the root zone, and looks at the potential impact of c...

Origins of the notion

It should be underlined that the concept of “strategic stability” was born in the late 1980s in the context of START-I negotiations to serve as a foundation of deep strategic arms reductions. In this role, it was designed to replace an amorphous and subjective notion of “equal...


On July 16, 2018, President Putin and President Trump finally held their first summit in Helsinki. The summit did not yield specific agreements in arms control domain, which means the current problems will have to be addressed by next U.S.-Russia summit. Now there are only two major arms control ...

All articles


Did you enjoy the article?


  • Position : PIR Center Executive Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
complete list

A View by a Russian Liberal: Black August, or the Return of History

Yury Fedorov

“The summer of 2008 saw several other failures of Russia's foreign policy… [It] was facing the prospect of a systemic and strategic defeat. There were two ways out of the hole it had dug itself in. The first was abandoning the old strategic dogmas. But for Russia's political and bureaucratic elite, that meant admitting its own intellectual bankruptcy. The second way was raising the stakes and taking the escalation even further. Russia chose the second way by invading Georgia…The international system really is beginning to return to the strategic paradigms of the 19th century. And that truly is a sad state of affairs, for after the 19th came a century of two world wars, cruel totalitarian regimes, concentration camps, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”

A View by a Russian Liberal: Black August, or the Return of History (full text)


SECURITY INDEX №1 (86), 2008/2009