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  • Position : PIR Center Executive Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
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A View by a Russian Liberal: Black August, or the Return of History

Yury Fedorov

“The summer of 2008 saw several other failures of Russia's foreign policy… [It] was facing the prospect of a systemic and strategic defeat. There were two ways out of the hole it had dug itself in. The first was abandoning the old strategic dogmas. But for Russia's political and bureaucratic elite, that meant admitting its own intellectual bankruptcy. The second way was raising the stakes and taking the escalation even further. Russia chose the second way by invading Georgia…The international system really is beginning to return to the strategic paradigms of the 19th century. And that truly is a sad state of affairs, for after the 19th came a century of two world wars, cruel totalitarian regimes, concentration camps, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”

A View by a Russian Liberal: Black August, or the Return of History (full text)


SECURITY INDEX №1 (86), 2008/2009