Articles

How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities) image

Recently, the threats of weaponization of outer space have been increasingly backed by both the doctrinal documents of several countries, first of all the United States, and the material content, which in turn is being formed through organizational measures, as well as improving military technical c...

After U.S. withdrawal from the INF Treaty it has become obvious that nearly fifty years old history of nuclear arms control is coming to its end.  
The New START treaty is set to expire on February 5, 2021 and there is little doubt that it will be the end of it. It could be extended if both countries...

Strategic stability in its classical sense – understood as a state of US-Russian relations under which neither side has incentives to launch a first nuclear strike – was developed during the Cold War. Such stability is achieved by “seeking agreements that improve survivability, remove incentives for...

Russia’s vision of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation issues remains in fact very conventional. It is pragmatic and realistic. We do not feel “constrained by traditional formats and diplomatic protocol”. On the contrary, we strongly believe that in many cases using proven formats and ke...

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Experts

Baklitskiy, Andrey A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
Nuclear power in the Middle East
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Middle East
Biography :

Researcher of the Center for Global Problems and International Organizations of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Graduated from the Faculty of the International Relations of the Urals Federal University. Holds specialist degree in regional studies and simultaneous interpreter diploma. In the years 2008-2009 took a course at the University of Seville (Spain). PIR Center intern in May-July, 2011. In 2011-2013 PIR Center Internet Project Director, Information Program Director since 2013. In 2014-2017 PIR Center "Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation" Program Director. Took part in the sessions of the NPT Preparatory Committee in 2013-2014. Editor of PIR Center White Paper "Ten Steps toward a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Free Zone in the Middle East". The sphere of scientific interest includes international security, bigger Middle East, nuclear energy sector and nonproliferation.

Buzhinskiy, Evgeny P. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Chairman of the Executive Board, PIR Center; Co-Chair of the Trialogue Club International.
Expertise :
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Military cooperation
Russia-NATO relations
START Treaty
Missile Defense
Military Use of the Outer Space
European security
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (Retired), Ph.D. Military Sciences. In the Armed Services since 1968. Graduated from the Military Institute of Foreign Languages, M.V. Frunze Military academy. 1976-1992 – served in different positions in the General Staff of the USSR and RF . From 1992 to 2002 – served in positions of: Senior Officer, Deputy Head of Direction, Head of Direction, Deputy Head of Department, Head of the International Treaties Department of  the Russian Ministry of Defense. Promoted to the rank of Major-General in 2000, to the rank of Lt.-General – in 2003. In 2002 he was appointed on the position of Head of the International Treaties Department – Deputy Head of the Main Directorate of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. Retired from active duty in 2009. In 2009-2017 - PIR Center Consultant, then Senior vice-president. PIR Center's Chairman of the Executive Board since 2014. From 2016 – leading research fellow and Head of Center for Applied Political-Military Research of School of World Politics, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University.  Deputy CEO of "Vega Radio Engineering Corporation" from  2009 to 2018. Vice-President of Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC).  Expertise: arms control, political and military aspects of international security, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, military use of the outer space, Russia-NATO, Russia-U.S., Russia-China relations.

Bibliography

Evgeny P. Buzhinsky celebrates his 70th birthday

 

Chernenko Elena Vladimirovna image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Special correspondent, Kommersant Publishing House; Co-Chair of the Trialogue Club International.
Expertise :
Cyber security
Arms control
Biography :

Elena graduated from Moscow State University in 2005 and later went on to get her Ph.D. in History. In journalism since 2003. She worked as a correspondent for the Germany desk and as a radio broadcast host for the Russian government’s radio broadcasting service Voice of Russia. She has also been a correspondent for the newspaper Moskauer Deutsche Zeitung, the wire service EurActiv, and the magazine Russian Newsweek. Elena’s professional interests include cyber security and diplomacy, arms control and disarmament, and Russian foreign policy in general. She speaks Russian, English and German. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2013. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance since 2012. Member of the Executive Board of the PIR Center. Member of the Board of the Council on Foreign and Defense Relations (SVOP). 


Demidov Oleg V. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
International legal regulation in cybersecurity area
Social media
Cyber security
National and international cyber strategies
Biography :

Oleg Demidov graduated from the School of Public Administration at Moscow State University of Lomonosov in 2010. Currently, Oleg has been working on his Ph.D thesis at Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). In 2011-2012, he held the position of Project Coordinator at Center for Political and International Studies (CPIS) under the International Federation for Peace and Conciliation. Since 2012, he has served as an expert to the Commission on Information Security and Cybercrime at the Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC). In 2013-2014, he held the position of Director of the Program International Information Security and Global Internet Governance at PIR Center. 

Since 2011 Oleg has been participating in the international project “A Twenty-First Century Concert of Powers” conducted by Frankfurt Peace Research Institute (PRIF) (through 2014). He is the author of a number of research articles on information security, cybersecurity, and global internet governance in PIR Center’s Security Index journal and other editions. Oleg serves as the Secretary of the Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance under PIR Center Advisory Board. In March 2014 Oleg became a member of the Research Advisory Network (RAN) under the Global Commission on Internet Governance (CGIG). PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.


Efimov, Albert R. image
Affiliation : Skolkovo Fund
Position : Head of Robotic Center
Biography :

In 1993, he graduated from the Faculty of Cybernetics of Moscow Institute of Radio Electronics and Mathematics. In 2002, he became Chevening Scholarship Programme Laureate and obtained a Master Degree in Communication Management at Strathclyde Graduate Business School (UK). In 2012, he studied at the summer school of robotics in Imperial College of London. Since 2013, he has been a postgraduate student at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations. He is the author of a number of scientific papers on Russian innovation ecosystem and the co-author of the report of Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology on new production technologies.

From 1994 to 2011, he worked in medium and large Russian telecommunication companies – "Aerocom", "Equant" and Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) Group. In MTS, he was responsible for the development and implementation of IT strategy and interaction with business.

In 2011, he was appointed to the position of IT-projects Director in the Cluster of Information Technology of Skolkovo Fund. In 2011-2014, he developed a number of projects to support small high-tech enterprises, Skolkovo participants in the field of IT penetration into health care, communication and computer vision. In 2013-2014, he worked as a public secretary of the Expert Council of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation for the development of the information technology industry.

In 2013, he organized the first Russian conference on robotics - Skolkovo Robotics. Since August 2014, he has been heading Robotic Center of Skolkovo Fund, the main goal is the acceleration of entrepreneurial activity in the field of robotics and cyberphysical systems. RoboCenter is the organizer and inspirer of all the activities of the Skolkovo Fund, whose name begins with "robo ...".

Kozyulin, Vadim B. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Program Director, Emerging Technologies and Global Security Program
Expertise :
Russia-NATO relations
Central Asia
Illegal arms traffic
Military-technical cooperation between Russia and other countries
Cyber security
Arms control
Biography :

PhD, Prof. of Military Science Academy

Project Director, Emerging Technologies and Global Security Project, Member of the Executive Board of the PIR Center

In 1990, he graduated from MGIMO University. He worked in the Foreign Ministry of the USSR/Russia, in the Moscow News newspaper.

In 2000-2002, he studied the Management in the Military-Technical Cooperation course at the Russian Foreign Trade Academy.  Since 1994 he is a Research Fellow at the PIR Center.

He is a Research fellow at the Russian Diplomatic Academy, Member of the Expert Council on the International Humanitarian Law of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, participant of the International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons Systems (IPRAW), participant of the Russian-American Dartmouth dialogue.

His research interests include military artificial intelligence, new military technologies, arms control, military-technical cooperation of Russia with other countries, NATO-Russia relations, Central Asia and Afghanistan, illegal arms trade, cybersecurity.

He has more than 300 publications on international security issues.

Markedonov Sergey image
Affiliation : head of Interethnic Relations Section, Institute of Political and Military Analysis
E-mail : smark-72@mail.ru
Biography :

Born in 1972 in Rostov-on-Don. In 1995 he graduated with honors the faculty of history of the Rostov State University, and in 1998 he finished his postgraduate studies there. He defended his doctoral thesis in the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1999; member of the Russian Union of Journalists (since 1998). Dr. Markedonov is the author of two books, 200 articles and over 300 media publications on sociopolitical development of the Caucasus, problems of interethnic relations and conflicts, religious situation in the Caucasus and in the postSoviet space. His articles were published in Izvestia, Moscovskiye Novosti, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Politichesky Zhurnal, Znamya, Novy Mir, Apologiya. He has a substantial field experience in the North and South Caucasus (visits to conflict zones and unrecognized republics).

Maslin, Evgeny P. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center Executive Board member, Consultant ANO ASPECT-CONVERSION
Biography :

Colonel General (Ret.), one of the founders of Russia's programs for international cooperation in the dismantlement of surplus armaments, an accomplishment recognized by the award of several government honors, including the Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Fatherland, and many medals. A leading expert on nuclear security, nuclear weapons reductions, and verification mechanisms. Laureate of the Russian State Prize. Worked in USSR/Russian Ministry of Defense organizations for more than 40 years, including from 1992-1997 as head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions. Author of many publications in Russian and English, including articles on nuclear security, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, and nuclear nonproliferation. He was awarded the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Courage.

Nadezhda V. Sokolova image
City : Moscow, Russia
Naumkin Vitaly V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Prof., Acad., Russian Academy of Sciences, Academic Director, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Biography :

PhD in History, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1968, he graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of the Institute of Asian and African countries of Moscow State University (later Institute of Oriental Languages), where he specialized in the study of the history of Arab countries and the Arabic language. In 1966-1967, he had an interned at Cairo University and  American University in Cairo (Egypt). In 1968-1970 he served as an officer in the Soviet Army, taught at the Military Institute of Foreign Languages of the Defense Ministry. Since 1972, he began teaching medieval history of the Arab world, Islamic studies and modern political development of the Arab countries in the IAAC MSU. In 1972-1977, worked at the Graduate School of Social Sciences in the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Twenty years of his career devoted to the Institute of Oriental Studies under the Russian Academy of Sciences, where he was the Head of Department of the Arab Countries, then served as Deputy Director of the Institute, and throughout 1994-2009 – Head of the Center for Arab Studies. He is also President of a non-profit NGO “Center for Strategic and Political Studies,” Editor-in-chief of the “Vostok/ORIENS” journal, member of the advisory Scientific Council under the Security Council of Russia. He leads the Department of Regional Studies at the Faculty of World Politics at Moscow State University. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2014. Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2018.

Polikanov, Dmitry V. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : All-Russia People's Front
Position : Deputy Head of the Executive Committee
Expertise :
Russia-NATO relations
Missile Defense
Foreign policy of the Russian Federation
Biography :

PhD in Political Sciences. In 1998 graduate with merit from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Holds the title of Associate Professor from the Russian Academy of Sciences and the title of Full Professor of the World Distributed University of the European Informatization Academy. In 2003-2006 - Director of International and Public Relations of the All-Russan Public Opinion Research Center. In 2006-2007 - Director of Market Research and Public Opinion in The PBN Company. In 2012-2013 - First Deputy Executive Director of the Russian Geographical Society. Author of over 100 publications on conflict management, peacekeeping, arms control, international relations and foreign policy (in Russian and foreign languages). In 2014-2020 - President of the deaf-blind support Foundation “Connection”. Since 2019 - Deputy Head of the All-Russia People's Front Executive Committee. The author of more than 100 publications on international and European security, Russian foreign and domestic policy. Member of the Editorial Board of Security Index Journal.

Russi, Bruno image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Embassy of Switzerland to the Russian Federation
Position : Defence Attache
Ryabkov, Sergey A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. In 1982, graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Served at several positions both at the central office of the Russian Foreign Ministry and abroad. In 1995-1999, was the Head of the OSCE Unit of the Department of European Cooperation. In 1999 – 2001 – Senior Counsellor (political) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2002-2005, served as the Minister Counsellor (Deputy Chief of Mission) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2005-2008 – the Director of the Department of European Cooperation. Since 2008 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Security Index Journal Editorial Board member.

 

Stepanova, Ekaterina A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Head of the Peace and Conflict Studies Unit
Biography :

Ph.D in Political Science, head of the Group on peace and conflict studies and leading research associate at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), RAS. Specializes on armed conflicts and conflict management research, terrorism, other types of collective violence, ideological extremism, political economy of conflicts, and network structures. In 2007-2009 was Leader of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Armed Conflicts and Conflict Management Project. Author of 180 scientific papers in ten languages, six monographs, including "Terrorism in Asymmetrical Conflict" (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008). Her book “The Role of Illicit Drug Business in the Political Economy of Conflicts and Terrorism” (Moscow, 2005) has won the medal for young scientists from the Russian Academy of Sciences. Serves on editorial boards of the following journals: "Global Governence", "Terrorism and Political Violence" (St Andrews Univesity, UK), "The International Journal on Conflict and Violence", "Security Index" (PIR Center), and "The road to peace and security". Gives lectures for the international programs at the European University in St. Petersburg (EUSP) and Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA). Member of the PIR Center Executive Board member, the Academic Council on the United Nations System, the Russian-American expert group on Afghan drug trafficking, and the expert and methodological group Global Peace Index. Personal web-page: http://www.estepanova.net/

Trubnikov, Vyacheslav I. image
Affiliation : Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Board member, Honorary Member of the Trialogue Club International
Biography :

General of the Army, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Hero of the Russian Federation. In 1967 graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations with the Diploma of referent for Eastern countries. Since 1973 Member of the Russian Union of Journalists. Director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service in 1996-2000. First Deputy of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in CIS countries in 2000-2004. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to India in 2004-2009. PIR Center Executive Board member since 2014 and Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012.

Ubeev, Aleksey V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Visiting Instructor, Dual Degree Master Program on WMD NonProliferation Studies, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Candidate of Technical Sciences. Until 2011 he was Deputy director of the Department of international collaboration, the Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency. Previously, deputy Head of the Department of External Affairs JSC Atomstroyexport. Graduated from D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology in Russia and Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, holds degree of PhD. Worked as a head of department, pro-rector for scientific research of East-Siberian State Technologic University. Participated in elimination of accident consequences on Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986. From 1994 worked for Russian MFA, headed the sector of IAEA in its Permanent Mission in Russia attached to international organizations in Vienna, former Head of Nuclear Security department, nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and international partnership in peaceful use of atomic energy of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, MFA of Russia. Participated in development of the important international agreements in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2009. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Cooperation in Mass Destruction Weapon Nonproliferation and Physical Nuclear Safety since 2012.

Vasiliev Victor image
City : Rome, Italy
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Plenipotentiary Representative, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN Agencies
Biography :

In 1989-1993 served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (Russia). 1993-1997; 2000-2004  two terms in the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations in New York. Last position  Senior Counselor for political affairs (specialization on the Security Council). 2004-2007 — Deputy Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Participated as a member of the Soviet/Russian delegations at various international fora, including NPT Review Conferences in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010, the UN Disarmament Comission sessions, etc. 2005-2006  a governmental expert in the Group of Governmental Experts on verification in all its aspects. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group. Since September, 2013 — Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs, since October. 2013 — Plenipotentiary Representative of the Russian Federation to the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Since April, 2018 — Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN agencies in Rome.

Yakushev, Michael V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Executive Vice-President for Cooperation with Public Authorities, PJSC VimpelCom
Expertise :
International legal regulation in cybersecurity area
Information security
International aspects of Internet development
Internet identification
National and international cyber strategies
Biography :

Mikhail is an experienced attorney and specialist in the field of information security. He is the  PayPal IRM Director, earlier - vice president of the Mail.ru Group and previously served as president of the Coordination Center of the Russian Top-Level Domain (RU), DST Advisors Managing Director. Mikhail focuses on information rights issues, including access to information. He has co-authored the drafts of most of Russia's legislation on information technology. Previously, he was employed at Microsoft Russia, where he was responsible for the corporation's cooperation with governmental authorities in Russia and other CIS states. Mikhail represented the Russian Federation in the G8 working group on legal issues, and in 2004, he was a member of the working group on Internet governance established by the U.N. Secretary-General. Mikhail served as the Chair of PIR Center's Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance under the Center's Advisory Board in 2012-2014. 

Zulkharneev, Albert F. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Foreign policy of the Russian Federation
International security policy of the Russian Federation
Сivil and expert diplomacy
Biography :

Research Fellow at the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Graduated from the Faculty of World Politics and World Economy of the National Research University - Higher School of Economics. In 2008 graduated with the Master degree from the International Relations Department of the Ural State University and got Master degree in History from Central European University (2007, Budapest, Hungary). In 2003-2005 participated in international courses of Farsi language and literature. Since 2007 was intern in the  PIR Center. In August - December 2011 scholar of the Program for teaching and research at the OSCE Academy in Bishkek. PIR Center Education and Training Program Director, PIR Center Executive Director in 2013-2015. PIR Center Director in 2015-2019. Consultant to PIR Center since October 2019. Participant of sessions of the Preparatory Committee for the NPT Review Conference 2012-2013 and the 2015 NPT Review Conference. The organizer: of the PIR Center International School on Global Security, of the programs for improving professional skills of Central Asian specialists, of the course on global security of the international session of the youth forum "Seliger", of the joint educational course of the PIR Center and MGIMO "nonproliferation of WMD" and a Dual Degree Master’s Program in Nonproliferation Studies (MGIMO - Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey - PIR Center). 

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