Heather A. Conley, Vladimir Orlov, Gen. Evgeny Buzhinsky, Cyrus Newlin, Sergey Semenov and Roksana Gabidullina
The Future of U.S.-Russian Arms Control: Principles of Engagement and New Approaches image

As one of its first security policy decisions, the Biden administration agreed to extend the New START Treaty for five years with no conditions.  The New START Treaty represents one of the last remaining vestiges of international arms control architecture and one of the few areas of potentially prod...

Natalia Romashkina, Dmitry Stefanovich, Alexey Markov

The monograph is devoted to topical issues of international security and strategic stability in the context of accelerated development of information and communication technologies. It justifies the importance of ensuring international information security. The monograph examines the possibility of ...

The Valdai Discussion Club

February 9, 2021.


Autonomous weapons are moving from engineering concept to army arsenals all around the world, and reports on their combat use are becoming more frequent. The first surprise about drones is that non-government military groups were the first to use them i...

Surviving in a Deregulated Strategic World image

Russian-American strategic relations are entering uncharted waters with the demise of the arms control regime; rapid technological revolution; the rise of nuclear multipolarity; the asymmetry of the two countries’ positions amid their growing confrontation and an increasing likelihood of military con...

Now when the U.S. presidential elections are over the fate of the START Treaty and nuclear arms control, in general, has become clearer.

The New START treaty is set to expire on February 5, 2021, and only a few months ago there was little doubt that it would be the end of it. The Trump administratio...

All articles


Dyatlov, Ivan A. image
Biography :

Since 1982 worked at Russian Antiplague Research Institute (Saratov). 1992 – Doctor of Medical Science. Research interests: development of medical immunobiological medications, medicine biology, immunology. In 1994-1998 – Head of the training section for specialists on danger infections. 1998-2005 – Deputy Director for research work of the Russian Antiplague Research Institute (Saratov). He is a member of Coordinate Science Council for Sanitation-and-Epidemiological Protection of Russian Federation. Since 2005 Director of the State Research Center of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology of Federal Supervision Agency for Costumer Protection and Human Welfare. Author of more than 200 scientific works and guidance documents.

Dyussembayeva, Assel S. image
City : Astana, Kazakhstan
Affiliation : Atomic Energy Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan, chief expert
Edward M. Ifft image
Affiliation : Adjunct Professor in the Security Studies Program in the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University
Biography :

Edward Ifft has been involved in negotiating and implementing many of the key arms control agreements of the past 35 years. He has a Ph.D. in physics from Ohio State University. hile a graduate student, he was selected to spend a year at Moscow State University and the Institute for Physical Problems of the U.S.S.R Academy of Sciences under the U.S.U.S.S.R cultural exchange program. He is a graduate of the Senior Managers in Government program at Harvard University. Dr. Ifft began his government career at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. He then moved to the State Department, where he continued to work on strategic arms control, as well as on constraints on nuclear testing, serving as the Deputy U.S. Negotiator at the 1974 negotiations on the Threshold Test Ban Treaty in Moscow. In 1978, he accepted a detail to NASA for three years, serving as Head of the Office of International Program Policy and Executive Secretary of the U.S.U.S.S.R Space Cooperation Agreement. Upon returning to the State Department, he served as Senior Policy Advisor and then Senior State Department Representative to the START negotiations in Geneva. After that he became Deputy Director of the OnSite Inspection Agency. In 1998, he became Senior Advisor and State Department liaison to DTRA until his retirement from the Senior Executive Service in 2002. He also served as the last U.S. Commissioner for the ABM Treaty until the U.S. withdrew from the Treaty in 2002. Dr. Ifft has lectured at many universities and government laboratories and in more than 10 countries. Dr. Ifft continues to work parttime in the State Department as a Foreign Affairs Officer.

Efanova Elena image
Affiliation : Department of Political Science, Volgograd State University
Biography :

participant of PIR Center Summer School 2012

Efimov, Albert R. image
Affiliation : Skolkovo Fund
Position : Head of Robotic Center
Biography :

In 1993, he graduated from the Faculty of Cybernetics of Moscow Institute of Radio Electronics and Mathematics. In 2002, he became Chevening Scholarship Programme Laureate and obtained a Master Degree in Communication Management at Strathclyde Graduate Business School (UK). In 2012, he studied at the summer school of robotics in Imperial College of London. Since 2013, he has been a postgraduate student at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations. He is the author of a number of scientific papers on Russian innovation ecosystem and the co-author of the report of Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology on new production technologies.

From 1994 to 2011, he worked in medium and large Russian telecommunication companies – "Aerocom", "Equant" and Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) Group. In MTS, he was responsible for the development and implementation of IT strategy and interaction with business.

In 2011, he was appointed to the position of IT-projects Director in the Cluster of Information Technology of Skolkovo Fund. In 2011-2014, he developed a number of projects to support small high-tech enterprises, Skolkovo participants in the field of IT penetration into health care, communication and computer vision. In 2013-2014, he worked as a public secretary of the Expert Council of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation for the development of the information technology industry.

In 2013, he organized the first Russian conference on robotics - Skolkovo Robotics. Since August 2014, he has been heading Robotic Center of Skolkovo Fund, the main goal is the acceleration of entrepreneurial activity in the field of robotics and cyberphysical systems. RoboCenter is the organizer and inspirer of all the activities of the Skolkovo Fund, whose name begins with "robo ...".

Eggert, Konstantin von image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Journalist
Biography :

Famous Russian journalist. Before September of 2013 - Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Kommersant FM radio station, before March of 2013 - political observer at the Kommersant FM radio station. He took interviews from numerous politicians including Sergey Lavrov and Vaclav Havel. Member of the Royal Institute of International Relations (London, United Kingdom), member of editorial board of the Carnegie Moscow Center's journal Pro et Contra. Earlier - Head of the BBC Russian service. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2002. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2006.

Einhorn, Robert image
City : USA
Affiliation : Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
Biography :

Before joining Brookings in May 2013, served as the U.S. Department of State special advisor for nonproliferation and arms control, a position created by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2009. Between 2001 and 2009, was a senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where directed the Proliferation Prevention Program. Prior to joining CSIS, was assistant secretary of state for nonproliferation from 1999 to 2001, deputy assistant secretary of state for political-military affairs from 1992 to 1999, and a member of the State Department policy planning staff from 1986 to 1992. Between 1972 and 1986, held various positions at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), including as ACDA’s representative to the strategic arms reduction talks with the Soviet Union. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2007. 

Eleukenov, Dastan S. image
City : Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
Affiliation : Dr., Director, International Security Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Biography :

Candidate of Physics and Mathematics. Formerly, Director of the Kazakhstan branch, Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1994.

Elleman Michael image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate, The International Institute for Strategic Studies - US (IISS-US)
Biography :

Mr. Elleman currently leads a team of experts from the U.S., Russia and Europe preparing a joint assessment of the missile threat to Europe (including Russia) and potentially North America that may be posed by Iran's missile development program. Before joining the IISS, Mr. Elleman spent five years at Booz Allen Hamilton, a U.S. consulting firm, where he supported the implementation of Cooperative Threat Reduction programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense and the Department of Energy. He also provided weapons proliferation analyses to the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office (ASCO) at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Previously, he spent 18 months at the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) as a missile expert for weapons inspection missions in Iraq. Prior to joining the UN, he spent two decades as a scientist as Lockheed Martin's Research and Development Laboratory, where his activities focused on solid propellants, weapons elimination technologies, nuclear effects and special materials research. From 1995 to 2001, he led a Cooperative Threat Reduction program in Russia, aimed at dismantling obsolete long-range missiles. He is a graduate of physics from the University of California, Berkeley. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Ellis, Dori image
Biography :

Dori Ellis has responsibility for Sandia’s international programs in nonproliferation and nuclear materials control; collaborations with more than 100 countries in various training, confidence building and monitoring activities; arms control analysis; the Cooperative Monitoring Center; and various activities in combating terrorism.

Ellis, Maureen image
Biography :

Maureen Ellis is the Senior Biosafety Advisor with Foreign Affairs Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada, and the Director of Canada's WHO Collaborating Centre for Biosafety. She is responsible for providing guidance and training to national health authorities, international agencies and scientific institutes worldwide on issues pertaining to the safe and secure handling of dangerous pathogens. Ms Ellis, MSc. is a Registered Microbiologist and Registered Biosafety Professional.

Engel Carlos Von image
Affiliation : Second Secretary, Embassy of Germany
Biography :

Club Member since 2012. Second Secretary, Embassy of Germany

Ermakov Sergey image
Affiliation : Russian Institute for Strategic Studies
Position : Head of the Sector of regional security issues of the Center for Defense Studies
Biography :

Head of the Sector of regional security issues of the Center for Defense Studies at the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies (RISS). Graduated from the Russian State University for the Humanities. Received his PhD from the Institute for US and Canadian Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Research interests include the role of the military force in the contemporary international relations, European security, Russia-NATO relations.

Errera, Philippe image
Biography :

Philippe Errera holds his current post since April 2003. Previously, he served as counselor in charge of politico-military affairs at the French Embassy in Washington, D.C (1999-2003), at the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of European Affairs (1998-99) and at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1996-98), in the Office of European Common Foreign and Security Policy. He holds degrees from the Paris Institute of Political Studies and the French National School of Government.

Esengeldieva Saikal image
City : Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Biography :

- Participant in the 2007 Global Security Summer School Program

Espenova Mira image
City : Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan
Biography :

participant of PIR Center Summer School 2009

Estivill, Alejandro image
Biography :

Alejandro I. Estivill was born in Mexico City and holds a first degree in Hispanic Literature (Universidad Nacional Autуnoma de Mйxico). He obtained an MA and a PhD in Literature at El Colegio de Mexico. He also holds an MA in Diplomatic Studies.

Eugster Simon image
Affiliation : Defence Attache of Switzerland in the Russian Federation, the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Kazakhstan with residence in Moscow
Biography :

Colonel General Staff, Master of Physical Sciences. In the past, he served as a rifle company commander of a heavy 3rd Field Division of the Swiss Army, the Chief of the combat readiness of the 2nd Infantry Brigade and the Commander of the 19th Infantry Battalion of the 2nd Infantry Brigade. A graduate of the University of Bern with a degree in physics and a professor of physics and mathematics. He speaks French, German, English, Russian and Greek.

Evron, Yair image
Biography :

Professor Yair Evron teaches International Relations at the Department of Political Science, Tel-Aviv University, and is heading a graduate program in Security Studies at the same university. Received his M.J. at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a Ph.D. in International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Evstafiev, Dmitry G. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Department of Integrated Communications, The Higher School of Economics
Position : Professor
Biography :

Doctor of Political Science. Prof., National Research University - Higher School of Economics, earlier - vice president of KROS Public Relations Development Company. Leading expert on the military and political facets of Russian national security, U.S. foreign and military policy, and regional aspects of nuclear nonproliferation. In 2001-2008 worked as Director of the Techsnabexport (TENEX) Public Relations Department and Deputy Director General of the National Laboratory for Foreign Policy. An experienced editor, he is a co-author of several books and monographs, and an author of several articles as well as publications in Russian and foreign academic and political press. In 1995-2003 he was a PIR Center senior research associate. PIR Center Security Index Editorial Board Member. 12/17

Fadi Chehadé image
City : Los Angeles
Affiliation : The Internet Corporatuion for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
Position : President, CEO
Biography :

Fadi Chehadé, age 50, is a citizen of Egypt, Lebanon, and the United States. He was born in Beirut, Lebanon, to Egyptian parents and left the then war-torn country in 1980 at the age of 18. He speaks fluent Arabic, English, French, and Italian.

Mr. Chehadé is a graduate of Stanford University, where he earned a master's degree in Engineering Management. He earlier earned a bachelor's degree in computer science from Polytechnic University in New York, where he graduated Summa Cum Laude.

Fadi Chehadé's career has been defined by building consensus and promoting collaborative technologies and practices. He has more than 25 years of experience in building and leading progressive Internet enterprises, leveraging relationships with senior executives and government officials across Asia, Europe, the Middle East and the United States. Most recently he served as Chief Executive Officer of Vocado LLC, a U.S. firm that is a provider of cloud-based software for the administration of educational institutions. Prior to Vocado, Chehadé was CEO of CoreObjects Software, Inc., a leader in new product software development services for both large and growing companies. He oversaw the expansion of the company to include more than 400 engineers and its successful acquisition by Symphony Services.

Prior to his role at CoreObjects, Chehadé served as the General Manager of IBM's Global Technology Services in the Middle East and North Africa. Based in Dubai, he led a team across an emerging region experiencing high growth. He also built and managed a new global business for IBM, providing managed services to large clients in telecommunications, aerospace and retail to improve the accuracy, depth and timeliness of business information visibility across demand and supply chains.

Chehadé founded and has led three companies since 1987, including Viacore, RosettaNet, Nett Information Products and others.

Mr. Chehadé lives in Los Angeles with his wife of 25 years. They are the parents of two adult sons.

Source: ICANN Website (

Fallet Cristiane Lemos image
Affiliation : Embassy of Brazil in Moscow
Position : First Secretary
Biography :

Club Member since 2013. Second Secretary at the Embassy of Brazil in Moscow

Fasko Peter image
Affiliation : First Secretary, Embassy of the Slovak Republic.
Biography :

Club Member since 2010. In 1996 he graduated from the State University of Bratislava, with specialization on Russian affairs. Since 2010 he serves as the First Secretary of the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Russia and he is responsible for the issues of Russian foreign policy. Fluent in English and Russian.

Fedorov Alexander Valentinovich image
City : Moscow
Expertise :
Information security
Biography :

Alexander has a Ph.D. in Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Following his studies at Moscow State University, he worked in various government agencies, where he worked on disarmament and WMD nonproliferation issues. More recently he has been actively studying and working on international and information security. He is the editor and co-author of the monographs Information Challenges in National and International Security and Superterrorism: New Challenge for a New CenturyPIR Center Advisory Board member since 2001. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance since 2012. 

Fedorov, Valery V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : VCIOM
Position : Director General, Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM)
Biography :

Doctor of Political Science. Valery Fedorov was born in 1974. Graduated from Moscow State University (Department of Philosophy). Holds a PhD in Political Science from MSU (2008) with an emphasis on History and Theory of Political Science. Worked in the Institute of Mass Political Movements at the Russian-American University (1991-93), the Centre for Political Trends (1993-2003), Institute of Social and Political Research of the Russian Academy of Science (ISPI RAN) (1997-2003), Centre for Social Information ISPI RAN (2003-2006). Since September 2003 has been Director General of the VCIOM, where he also heads Expert Council. Valery Fedorov is the member of VCIOM Board of Directors (since 2006). He is also the Chief Editor of the "Monitoring. Social and Economic Changes" scientific journal (since 2003). In 2008 Valery Fedorov was awarded the Medal of the Order of Merit for Motherland II class. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2011.

Fedorov, Yuri image
City : Rome, Italy
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : PIR Center Executive Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member
Biography :

Candidate of History, Professor. Member of the Czech Association of International Affairs, Professor of the Metropolitan University Prague. Erlier was an Associated Fellow in Royal Institute of International Affairs (also known as Chatham House, United Kingdom). Leading expert on international security issues, including energy security and arms control. His name and numerous publications on strategic armaments, tactical nuclear weapons, anti-missile defense, and missile warning systems are well known both in Russia and abroad. Headed the team of authors and wrote several chapters in the UNDP's annual Human Development Reports for the Russian Federation. Professor at MGIMO. Also worked at King's College in London, doing research and teaching within the Program on Post-Communist Security Studies. PIR Center Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member.

Fedotov Yury image
Affiliation : Under-Secretary General of the United Nations, the Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Biography :

Ambassador. He is also Director General of the UN Office in Vienna. His roles include the promotion the reforms launched by the Secretary General to adapt the UN to the global challenges of the 21st century. He graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1971. He has held many foreign service positions to the UN and at Russian embassies in Algeria and India. In 2002 he was appointed the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs (Russia) and held this post until 2005. From 2005 until 2010 he held the post of Ambassador of Russia to the United Kingdom.

Feoktistov Dmitry, V. image
City : Buenos Aires, Argentina
Position : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to Argentina
Biography :

Ph.D. in History. Graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1990. From 1993 to1996 served as the Second Secretary at the Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. From 1996 to 2000 – First Secretary of the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the UN. From 2000 to 2004 – First Secretary, Counselor of the Department of International Organizations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. From 2004 to 2010 – Counselor, Senior Counselor and Head of the Political Office at the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the UN. In May-September 2010 served as Head of the Counter-Terrorism Department of the Department on New Challenges and Threats of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to Argentina since 2018. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2012.

Ferrer Jorge image
Affiliation : Cuban journalist and writer
Biography :

He graduated MGIMO and the Havana University. He is the author of many novels and short stories, including Minimal Bildung (Miami, 2001). His work about cultural relations of Cuba and the Soviet Union – “Around the Sun: The Adventures of a Wayward Satellite” - was included in the collection Caviar with Rum: Cuba-U.S.S.R and the post-Soviet Experience (Palgrave, is ready for printing). He translated into Spanish the works by Ivan Bunin, Mikhail Kuraev, Ilya Erenburg and many others. For his translations of the Russian literature he was rewarded in 2009 by the Boris Yeltsin Foundation.

Fetisova Julia V. image
City : Moscow
Expertise :
Political and military aspects of international security
Russian-US security relations
Nuclear disarmament
International security policy of the Russian Federation
Arms control
Biography :

PhD in philosophy (thesis on "Security Culture", 2009). In 2006 graduated from Omsk State University (specialist degree in regional studies and German language interpreter diploma). In 2010 - Fellow of the Confucius Institute (6-month language training at the University of Heihe, 黑河学院, China). In 2013-2017 worked as editor of "Russia Confidental" exclusive analitics bulletin released in Russian and English. In 2012 stayed as guest researcher with Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme at SIPRI. In 2010-2011 worked as senior lecturer at State and Municipal Management Department in Omsk State Technical University. In 2011-2016 was a core group member of the Project on Strategic Stability Evaluation (POSSE) of James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies and Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy of Georgia Tech, USA. Author of publications and member of editorial board of a textbook on nuclear non-proliferation (Tomsk, 2011). In 2007-2008 - head of the Project on "Developing new approaches to nuclear non-proliferation" in TSU based on a grant of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority. In 2007, took a course on nuclear safeguards and non-proliferation of the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (Ispra, Italy). In 2006-2008 - graduate of International Summer Schools on nuclear non-proliferation. Research interests include: strategic culture, arms control, Russia-US and Russia-NATO strategic dialogue. 06/17

Fetouri  Mustafa image
City : Tripoli (Libya)
Affiliation : Independent Libyan Academic, Journalist
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Middle East
Biography :

As of November 2011 Mustafa is a consultant to IHS Global Insight; a UK based information Analysis Company. Mustafa Fetouri is a Libyan academic and award winning journalist. A gifted public speaker and MENA region expert; Mustafa received his education in Europe; starting his undergraduate studies in the American university, Greece, and finishing his post graduate education in Maastricht, The Netherlands where he graduated from Maastricht School of Management. After his graduates he spent few years working at the same school, particularly in its outreach MBA programs. In this capacity he taught and run training programs in over dozen countries including: Egypt, China, Malaysia, Jordan, Libya, and at home campus in Maastricht, The Netherlands. As a freelance journalist and Op-Ed writer he won EU’s Beirut based Samir Kassir Award for the Freedom of the Press in 2010. He has numerous published articles often cited by researchers, and media in dealing with the MENA region with particular focus on Libya. He has been guest on numerous media outlet like the BBC, CBS, Al-Jazeera, France 24,  and Bloomberg TV besides dozen other print publications such as TIME magazine, WSJ, and Washington Post. Mr. Fetouri is also experienced trainer in the media and journalism where he has trained many Libyan journalists in Libya between 2008-2010 as a public speaker and regional expert Mr. Fetouri has been key note speaker and active participant in many international conference in Europe; Middle East and Asia. He frequently invited to speak to various audiences in different think-tanks across the globe.

Findlay Trevor image
Affiliation : William & Jeanie Barton Chair in International Affairs, Professor, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA), Director, Canadian Centre for Treaty Compliance (CCTC)
Biography :

Dr. Findlay worked in the Australian diplomatic service. He established the program on peacekeeping and regional security in the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in Sweden. From 1998 to early 2005 Dr. Findlay was Executive Director of the London-based Verification Research, Training and Information Centre (VERTIC). Dr. Findlay was chair of the Independent Commission on the Verifiability of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 2000. He commenced his appointment at Carleton University in February 2005. In addition to teaching, he has helped establish a centre of research excellence within the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, known as the Canadian Centre for Treaty Compliance, formally launched at the end of March 2005.

Fominova Julia image
City : Moscow, Russia
Biography :

- Participant in the 2007 Global Security Summer School Program

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