Related articles

Today the international community is anxiously tracking the situation on the Korean peninsula, where North Korea has massively expanded its programme of rocket and missile testing, and where the U.S. and South Korea are holding unprecedented-in-scale military exercises.

Against these troubling trend...

Dr. Aleksandr Vorontsov, head of the Korea and Mongolia department at the Oriental Institute and member of the PIR Center Advisory Board, often visits North Korea and maintains long-term contacts with North Korean experts. During his recent visit to Pyongyang in October 2016, he held meetings at thr...

North Korea conducts second test


p4844_1.jpgMOSCOW, 5 JUNE 2009. PIR PRESS – “Clearly, nuclear test of North Korea will complicate negotiations, but it will not cause a military conflict,” - Senior Vice President of PIRCenter, Lieutenant-General (ret.) Gennady M. Evstafiev.


On May 25, 2009 the Democratic People's Republic of Korea successfully conducted one more underground nuclear test. According to the Russian military resources nuclear yield ranged from 10 to 20 kt.


“The test itself is an improved variant of what North Korea demonstrated in 2006. Back then some technological difficulties did not allow the device to operate properly. Present test shows us, that North Korea managed to master the technology and received the yield of 20 kt. It is a significant progress. It is a political aspect of this action which causes a lot of concern. The North Koreans decided to test the reaction of the international community and Barack Obama in particular. Now there is no eny uncertainty about North Korean nuclear status – it is unambiguously a nuclear state. Undoubtedly, it is a serious blow for all nuclear disarmament efforts,” - Senior Vice President of PIRCenter, Lieutenant-General (ret.) Gennady M. Evstafiev comments on the situation.p4844_2.jpg


"Present nuclear test shows that six-party negotiations did not reach their goal. We should find some other new ways. First of all, nuclear weapon for North Korea is the mean of deterrence and they demonstrated that they would give them up. Today stakes have increased. Pyongyang signaled many times that it waited for concessions from the United States. However, the new US administration has not given any. Nevertheless, the Democrats are known for their readiness to negotiate with North Koreans. It is important that Barack Obama understands the situation. Clearly, nuclear test of North Korea will complicate negotiations, but it will not cause a military conflict."


p4844_3.jpgVladimir V. Khrustalyov, Leading Specialist of the Center for International Studies, NevelskoiMaritimeStateUniversity, Vladivostok, who was a graduate of the PIRCenter's 2008 International Summer School on Global Security, also expresses his point of view: "Now we can not say much. First of all, seismic event took place, notably it happened at the same area where in 2006 the first North Korean nuclear test was conducted. Second, according to the experts it had a man-made nature. Third, it takes some time to collect isotope samples (proving the nature of an explosion), because of this it will be clear in two weeks what and how exploded there. Fourth, in April North Korea warned about a possibility of a nuclear test, and now the nuclear test has been conducted. What are the goals? Pyongyang has to main objectives here. The first one is political. North Korea demands to be respected and to be taken seriously, especially by the US government. The second one is technical – to create weapons of mass destruction with all necessary characteristics."


PIR Center continues to inform about situation in North Korea on its website. For more information, please, visit a section Resources by region – North Korea. It includes a number of documents, articles and reports from the leading think tanks.


Articles related to the situation in North Korea are also published in the Security Index journal.


Detailed information concerning the publication of Security Index as well as advertising in the journal is available from Editor Dmitry Polikanov by telephone +7 (916) 142-85-39, +7 (495) 987-19-15, fax: + (495) 987-19-14, e-mail: [email protected]


Detailed information about PIR Center's projects is available by phone: +7 (495) 987-19-15, by fax: +7 (495) 987-19-14