Events

On October 4, 2014 PIR Center held the anniversary meeting of its Advisory Board on the topic "Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation Agenda: towards the 2015 NPT Review Conference." The conference was attended by senior Russian government officials, ex...

Experts

  • Affiliation : Lecturer, General Physics Department, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
  • Position : Chairman of the Executive Board
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Associate Professor
  • Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Associate Professor, International Law Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  • Position : Embassy of Islamic Republic of Iran in Russian Federation
  • Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
  • Affiliation : Member, International Advisory Board, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastroph
complete list

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Russia and nuclear nonproliferation agenda: towards the 2015 NPT review conference

24.10.2014

 

MOSCOW, OCTOBER 24, 2014.  PIR PRESS – “Our technology is proven to be of a high, reliable quality.  Our partners are no less interested in us than we are in them.  The age of nuclear energy facilities is extending; it will soon reach 100 plus years – much longer than any particular trend in international affairs.  We are self-sufficient in practically all critical nuclear technologies.  Most importantly, Russia is ready to balanced cooperation on the basis of mutual benefit and the interests of the involved parties,” – Director of the Department of International Cooperation, Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation, Mikhail Lysenko.

On October 4, 2014 the PIR Center held the anniversary extended meeting of its Advisory Board on the topic “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation Agenda: Towards the 2015 NPT Review Conference.” Speakers of the meeting discussed Russia’s approaches to nonproliferation, arms control and the global development of nuclear energy in the context of the NPT Review Process.  PIR Center conducted the event in partnership with the Trialogue Club International.

During the first session of the meeting, the experts evaluated the implementation of the decisions made at the 2010 NPT Review Conference and ran through the agenda for 2015 in the field of nonproliferation and arms control. Those presenting noted the significant influence that the cooling of relations between Russia and the West had on these strategic spheres of international relations. 

In his presentation, Chairman of the PIR Center Executive Board, Lieutenant-General (Rtd.), Evgeny Buzhinsky portrayed that new arms control agreements between Russia and the US are hardly possible in the near future. At the same time, existing international mechanisms, which can be used for managing the conflict situations in Europe (such as the Vienna Document and the Treaty on Open Skies) can and should be used. 

In the words of Evgeny Buzhinsky: “Proposals for the modernization of the Vienna Document are on the discussion table: they include review of quotes in the direction of increasing assessment and inspection visits and lowering thresholds for notification of observed activity. These thresholds, indicated in the existing document, are not relevant.  For a long time already, nobody has performed exercises with thousands of tanks and 10-25 thousand personnel. There is opportunity to modernize the document.”

In his presentation, the Director of PIR Center, Vladimir Orlov spoke in detail about the history of the NPT Review Process, as well as the main challenges and threats within its framework.  The Director of PIR Center also highlighted the long-term prospects of the Review Process. 

The Director of the Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Tariq Rauf outlined the circle of challenges with which NPT State Parties will face at the 2015 Review Conference, and advised a number of concrete measures that would allow the conference to be successful.

In his presentation, the Director of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies, Evgeny Miasnikov placed emphasis on analyzing the contradictions between Russia and the US regarding the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty and the importance of preserving the INF Treaty.

The second session of the meeting was devoted to prospects of international cooperation in the sphere of peaceful nuclear energy and nuclear security. 

The key theme in the presentation by Director of the Department of International Cooperation of the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation, Mikhail Lysenko was the necessity of prioritizing cooperation over competition in development of global nuclear energy. 

In the words of Mikhail Lysenko: “Our technology is proven to be of a high, reliable quality.  Our partners are no less interested in us than we are in them.  The age of nuclear energy facilities is extending; it will soon reach 100 plus years – much longer than any particular trend in international affairs.  We are self-sufficient in practically all critical nuclear technologies.  Most importantly, Russia is ready to balanced cooperation on the basis of mutual benefit and the interests of the involved parties”.

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Russian Federation, Mehdi Sanaei told of Teheran’s actions in the sphere of nuclear disarmament, the creation in the Middle East of a nuclear-weapon-free zone as well as the development of global nuclear energy. 

In his presentation, Coordinator of the PIR Center Program “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation”, Andrey Baklitskiy stressed the contradictions arising from the implementation of Article IV of the NPT as well as the significance of development of nuclear energy for the Review Process and the 2015 Review Conference. 

The texts of the Advisory Board meeting presentations are available on the PIR Center website.

For questions concerning the PIR Center Program “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” please contact the Program Director, Andrey Baklitskiy by telephone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or by e-mail at baklitsky at pircenter.org.

 

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