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April 26, 2016 PIR Center will conduct a roundtable discussion on “Prospects of International Cooperation on Global and Regional Security” at the 2nd International Conference “Transformation of International Relations in the XXI Century: Challenges a...

Experts

  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Associate professor , Head of Center for Applied Political-Military Research
  • Affiliation : School of World politics, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
  • Affiliation : Vice President, Observer Research Foundation
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Program Director, Emerging Technologies and Global Security Program
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Deputy Director
  • Affiliation : Library of the First President of Kazakhstan – Leader of the Nation
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Prospects of International Cooperation on Global and Regional Security

20.05.2016

MOSCOW, MAY 20, 2016. PIR PRESS — “During the last 17 years, it was confirmed that any state that wants to play at the top table of world politics must have sustainable and complex power base. Without it, there is no chance to lastingly join the leading powers of the world. During the same period the moral superiority of one system versus others has weakened. The moral superiority of the West has been undermined due to 17 years of interventions since 1999. There should not be any misunderstanding, those actions even when legally objectionable due to the absence of the approval of the UN Security Council, could be carried out under the assumption that democracy is better for the people than authoritarian rule, not to mention dictatorship” — Pal Dunay, Director of OSCE Academy in Bishkek.

On April 26, 2016, Institute for Contemporary International Studies of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian MFA in cooperation with PIR Center held the round table “Prospects of international cooperation on global and regional security” within the framework of the 2nd International Conference “Transformation of International Relations in the XXI Century: Challenges and Prospects” that was organized by the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian MFA. Members of PIR Center’s International Expert Group, friends, colleagues and partners of the PIR Center and the Diplomatic Academy came to Moscow to discuss prospects of international cooperation on global and regional security and look for the most relevant and productive formats of such cooperation. Dr. Vladimir Orlov, the Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, founder and Special Advisor to PIR Center moderated the round table.

Participants of the discussion:

  • Evgeny Buzhinskiy, Chairman of the Executive Board, PIR Center (Russia);
  • Pal Dunay, Director of OSCE Academy in Bishkek (Hungary);
  • Oleg Ivanov, Vice Rector, the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (Russia);
  • Timur Shaimergenov, Deputy Director of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan — the Leader of the Nation (Kazakhstan);
  • Maria Sultan, Director General of the South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (Pakistan);
  • Fred Tanner, Senior Advisor to the OSCE Secretary General and Liaison for the Swiss OSCE Chairmanship 2014 in Vienna, Former Director, Geneva Center for Security Policy (Switzerland) ;
  • Nandan Unnikrishnan, Vice President and Senior Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation (India).

Experts discussed international security development in 2016, key positive and negative factors influencing global security situation. Participants of the discussion concluded that lack of trust was a key factor, which impeded cooperation on global and regional security issues. “Worse than ever before, we see the International Security Index (iSi) on its lowest rates. Definitely, the state of global security is worrying” — Dr. Orlov noted, suggesting to exchange the views on whether the cooperation is possible, what regions could become the key points for such cooperation, and what mechanisms could be used.

Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Evgeny Buzhinskiy spoke on the prospects of international cooperation on global and regional security within the framework of international agreements. “Now the Vienna document is more dead than alive, it is obsolete. The only instrument that Europe has is the Treaty on Open Skies, which is the only confidence-building mechanism that is still working today. The future of arms control in Europe and globally is very questionable. I do not see any prospects for resumption of the CFE Treaty in current situation, and I see no prospect for further reduction of nuclear weapons. We have to implement the new START, I hope, we will do it. In my opinion, we could’ve go further down — for example, 1000 warheads as president Obama mentioned in his Prague speech, but now it is not practically possible. The same applies to non-strategic nuclear weapons” — Chairman of the PIR Center’s Executive Board noted.

From perspective of Pal Dunay, “during the last 17 years, it was confirmed that any state that wants to play at the top table of world politics must have sustainable and complex power base. Without it, there is no chance to lastingly join the leading powers of the world. During the same period the moral superiority of one system versus others has weakened. The moral superiority of the West has been undermined due to 17 years of interventions since 1999. There should not be any misunderstanding, those actions even when legally objectionable due to the absence of the approval of the UN Security Council, could be carried out under the assumption that democracy is better for the people than authoritarian rule, not to mention dictatorship”.

Ambassador Fred Tanner spoke on ways to overcome lack of trust in the OSCE space: “We have three overlapping crises in Europe now. The first is the crisis in relations between Russia and the Western Europe. The second is the migration crisis and the third is terrorism crisis, which we all have experienced over the last few months. Europe became vulnerable not just at the state level meaning the national security, but on the level of society”.

Nandan Unnikrishnan discussed whether there is a real ground for cooperation of BRICS countries in global security. The expert highlighted one major obstacle to cooperation: “The main countries that constitute the Eurasian continent unfortunately believe that they are exceptional states. Russia believes it is exceptional; China believes it is exceptional; India believes it is exceptional. Could three exceptional states elaborate rules of the game? That is impossible!”

Maria Sultan shared her insights on formats of cooperation in global and regional security that are most relevant and efficient today. “The collective security is the new global common which has brought together countries and states, which otherwise would have remained remain locked either due to structural impediments or due to the ideological basis of state functions. This has been further weakened or strengthened by the divisions — such as North-South, East-West, U.S.-led and Soviet-led cointegrations of the Cold War. The greater debate now is that perhaps they have been replaced by the prevalence of the economic order which continues to define security in terms of the development index, human security etc. This may be the next human index through which the world is viewed in terms of success and failure of providing security to the world or to the regions that face complex security questions” — the expert mentioned.

Deputy Director of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan — the Leader of the Nation (Kazakhstan), Timur Shaimergenov remarked: “Countries should follow economic approach. If they follow the hard power or political approach in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the organization will challenge creation of two blocks: pro-Russian and pro-Chinese. That will kill the organization. Unity can be created only on the economic basis”.

Dr. Oleg Ivanov summarized the discussion on the lack of trust. “The first step that you should make to establish cooperation in any format, existing or non-existing, is to begin to trust each other. How to build or rebuild trust in relations between Russia and the West? If you speak to the rationally thinking Pentagon military officers, they will say, it is not possible. There is barbed wire, there are nuclear weapons in Europe and out of Europe — trust is not in the Pentagon’s playbook. But then you speak to policy makers or mass-media people, they play different games as they want to attract attention” — Vice Rector of the Diplomatic Academy said.

For all information concerning comments from PIR Center experts please contact projects coordinator Alena Makhukova by phone: +7 (495) 987-19-15 or by email: makhukova at pircenter.org.  

   

       

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