MOSCOW, 21 JUNE 2016. PIR PRESS — “Today the nuclear nonproliferation regime faces a range of key challenges. These challenges fall under four main categories: ongoing difficulties with the implementation and universalization of the treaty, the disturbance of strategic stability, increasingly ineffective mechanisms of multilateral diplomacy, and a lack of progress towards establishing a WMD-free zone in the Middle East” — “Strengthening the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime in 2016-2020”.
At the beginning of summer, the expert community traditionally discusses the outcomes of the Preparatory Committee session or of the NPT Review Conference, which are a litmus test for the level of international cooperation in the field of nonproliferation. The first session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 NPT Review Conference will only take place in 2017. Meanwhile, the discussion of the nonproliferation issues is relevant now as never before: the DRPK continues to conduct nuclear tests, disagreements between governments considering nuclear weapons are growing, and there are voices calling for a revision of the key foundations of the nonproliferation regime.
In order to fill the induced pause, PIR Center has prepared a review of the key challenges of the nonproliferation regime and a range of suggestions for the strengthening of the regime. The recommendations are divided in to four thematic categories dedicated to the key challenges faced by the nuclear proliferation regime: ongoing difficulties with the implementation and universalization of the treaty, the disturbance of strategic stability, increasingly ineffective mechanisms of multilateral diplomacy, and a lack of progress towards establishing a WMD-free zone in the Middle East.
Among other issues, the recommendations contain suggestions for involving India in the work of the CTBTO Preparatory Committee, the conduction of an international conference for the prevention of a hypersonic weapons race, the resumption of the work of the Conference on disarmament via focusing parties on an integrative agenda, and the transferal of the negotiations over the Conference on the WMD-free zone in the Middle East under the auspices of the secretariat of the UN Secretary General.
The full text of the recommendations, “Strengthening the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime in 2016-2020”, is available on the PIR Center website.
PIR Center champions a holistic and impartial approach to nuclear nonproliferation. We understand that some of the issues raised in this report are of fundamental nature and some require urgent reaction, some of our recommendations revisit the ideas previously proposed by the nation states or other experts and some are new and need critical reflection and further discussion.
We encourage all the interested parties to comment on the recommendations. Such contributions should be addressed to PIR Center’s “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director Andrey Baklitskiy by telephone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or via email baklitsky at pircenter.org.