• Affiliation : Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, expert
  • Position : President
  • Affiliation : Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
  • Position : Research fellow
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Executive Secretary
  • Affiliation : Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
  • Position : Senior product marketing manager at the Department of critical infrastructure protection
  • Affiliation : Kaspersky Lab
  • Position : Head of Robotic Center
  • Affiliation : Skolkovo Fund
complete list

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A new issue of the Security Index Journal No. 1, Spring-Summer 2016


MOSCOW, JULY 18. PIR PRESS — A new issue of the Security Index №1 (116), Spring-Summer 2016 is now available at PIR Center website.

Compared with last year’s tribulations 2016 started with a relative lull. However, latent structural shifts in the world continue to happen. The first issue of 2016 looks at the new challenges and opportunities brought on by the evolving reality and long-standing issues such as nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. 

Modern-day combat robots are able to assume many human functions both on the battlefield and on the homefront. Advanced R&D in the area, attempts to use groups (swarms) of coordinated UAVs, development of new types of man-machine interfaces and automatic stations of drone support and repair threaten to change the concept of armed conflicts in the years to come. Senior researcher at PIR Center Vadim Kozyulin and Head of the Centre for Robotics Studies at Skolkovo Foundation Albert Efimov cover the main trends in the of modern lethal robots and the continued debates about legitimacy of their use. 

Internet technologies are quickly becoming an integral part of our lives as they significantly simplify some procedures, make the others more functional while offering entirely new ways of performing various tasks. However, there may be risks attached as automated systems are vulnerable to cyberthreats and implications of these vulnerabilities are seldom accounted for. When cybercrimes happen, in very many cases law-enforcement turn out to be unprepared to respond or in some cases even recognize new types of offences. At the round table co-sponsored by the Committee of Civil Initiatives and PIR Center experts tried to figure out what makes high-tech sphere so attractive to criminals and how state actors, business circles, nongovernment entities and individuals could counter the emerging threats.

The damage from certain types of cyberattacks may be so severe that they can classify as threats to national security. It is especially true in case of attacks against critical infrastructure. The Security Index continues the study of this vital problem. Matvey Voytov, Senior product marketing manager at the Department of critical infrastructure protection of the Kaspersky Lab comments on the notion of critical infrastructure, global approaches to cybersecurity of critical infrastructure and challenges that the developers of protective tools in this field are facing. Olga Mikhailova, a nuclear security consultant presents a detailed analysis of various approaches to cybersecurity of NPPs.

Nuclear incidents might have devastating implications oftentimes affecting more than one country. This brings forward the issue of compensation for the damaged dealt to people, environment and infrastructure. How is the concept of nuclear damage interpreted? What are the consequences of unlimited liability of an operator of a nuclear installation? What are the approaches of the IAEA and countries like Russia, the US and India? You will find the answers in a detailed article by Konstantin Stalmakhov and Andrey Shkarbanov, experts of the Rosatom State Corporation.

The operation by the Russian Aeropace Forces and subsequent ceasefire brought relative stability to Syria. However, the situation revealed multiple contradictions in the disorderly ranks of the Syrian opposition. Kamal Gasimov, expert of the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, explains why anti-Assad groups, the largest of which have their own ambitious plans for the Syrian reconstruction are having such a hard time finding the common ground. 

A number of articles in this issue are dedicated to the threat of nuclear weapons proliferation. In an interview with Olga Mostinskaya, Editor-in-Chief of the Security Index the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO Lassina Zerbo reflects on the latest nuclear test performed by the DPRK and the establishing a NWFZ in the Middle East and explains how realistic are hopes for the CTBT ratification by Israel and Iran.

In another interview to the Security Index Vladimir Orlov, Member of PIR Center’s Executive Board comments on the results of the 66th session of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters, main challenges of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime and the prospects for the future.

A group of countries and non-state actors frustrated about the slow pace of nuclear disarmament created a movement calling for the absolute prohibition of nuclear weapons. Unacceptable humanitarian consequences of their use are cited as the reason for outlawing them. Alyona Makhukova, a junior researcher at PIR Center, analyzed how the humanitarian rhetoric evolved within the NPT review process and looked at how it impacted the positions of non-nuclear weapon states on non-proliferation and nuclear weapons generally.

The new issue of “Security Index” brings to readers’ attention PIR Center’s Recommendations for strengthening the nuclear nonproliferation regime and further disarmament. They were developed in a series of consultations through fundamental analysis of existing threats to strategic stability as well as their origins. Sergio Duarte, United Nations High Representative for Disarmament Affairs (2007–2012) commented on the suggestions in his letter to the Editor-in-Chief.

All articles are available in Russian.

The entire contents of the issue is available at the website of the PIR Center.

The Editorial Board is open to the readers’ comments, remarks and suggestions concerning the new issue of the journal and its general development.

You can send your feedback about the issue, your questions about the possibility of publication in the "Security Index" as well as placing your advertisement by e-mail: mostinskaya at or via phone  +7 (495) 987 19 15 or fax +7 (495) 987 19 14.