Experts

  • Position : Director
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
complete list

Related articles

The first of July 2018 will mark the 50th anniversary of the opening for signature of the landmark Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). This treaty is the world’s most important multilaterally negotiated international treaty on global nuclear governance. Of its 193 States partie...

In the aftermath of the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), its Chair Ambassador Adam Bugajski of the Republic of Poland gave an exclusive interview to the Yaderny Kontrol bulletin ...

The NPT turns 50. PIR Center experts comment on the present and the future of the Treaty

02.07.2018

MOSCOW, JULY 2, 2018. PIR PRESS. ­– “The NPT did not just prohibit the proliferation of nuclear weapons – based on the NPT provisions, a system was created in which under the conditions of normal life, the peaceful use of nuclear energy technology brought more benefits than the military one. For the effectiveness of the Treaty, in this sense, we must keep the Treaty as far as possible from the current political schism,” contends the PIR Center Director Albert Zulkharneev.

On July 1, 2018, the Non-proliferation Treaty officially turned 50 years. The PIR Center director Albert Zulkharneev and a PIR Center Consultant Andrey Baklitsky answer the question of whether the Treaty corresponds with the current realities and what future it has.

Contrary to the common opinion that the NPT is going through crisis, it would be wrong to consider the Treaty ineffective or obsolete, believes the PIR Center Director Albert Zulkharneev. According to him, the NPT outlived the bipolar world and fully corresponds to the new global polycentric world. The Treaty also provides for the equality of the participants regarding both their duties in nonproliferation and disarmament and their right to develop peaceful nuclear power.

In the meantime, the great powers and regional actors should not shift the blame the NPT for their failure to resolve current international problems. “The NPT did not just prohibit the proliferation of nuclear weapons – based on the NPT provisions, a system was created in which under the conditions of normal life, the peaceful use of nuclear energy technology brought more benefits than the military one. For the effectiveness of the Treaty, in this sense, we must keep the Treaty as far as possible from the current political schism,” contends for Rossiyskaya Gazeta the PIR Center director Albert Zulkharneev. 

Andrey Baklitsky, a PIR Center Consultant, reviews the Treaty’s history and suggests that despite the numerous problems and the risk of a crisis, the NPT preserves its relevance in the contemporary context of global security. According to the expert, to strengthen the Treaty and prevent the decay of the nonproliferation regime, the five official nuclear powers, primarily the U.S. and Russia, must resume the dialogue on arms control. “The summit of presidents Trump and Putin in Helsinki on July 16 will be a great opportunity to make the next move, and, ideally, proceed to concrete actions,” – asserts Andrey Baklitsky in the article for RBK. 

Since the moment of its foundation in 1994 and during the preparation of the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, PIR Center has been actively working on the issues of the NPT and under the framework of the NPT revision processes. For the 2010 NPT Review Conference, PIR Center has produced the White Paper “NPT-2010: Strengthening the Regime”. Similarly, for the 2013 prepcom in Geneva, PIR Center has released the White Paper “Ten Steps Towards a Weapons of Mass Destruction-free Zone in the Middle East”, and, for the 2014 prepcom in New York, the White Paper “Towards Nuclear Disarmament: NPT Article VI and Implementation of the 2010 Review Conference Decisions”. 

In 2016, following the results of the 2015 NPT Review Conference, PIR Center has prepared “Strengthening the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime in 2016-2020” for the current Treaty review cycle. The same year, a long-term project “Russian-American Dialogue on Global Security” has started. Within the project, the NPT review process and strategic stability task force were created. The NPT review process task force holds meetings both in the format of track 1.5 and in the new format of track 2.5 – with an active engagement of young nonproliferation specialists from both Russia and the USA.

For questions related to the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, you can contact the Program Director Adlan Margoev by phone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or via email margoev at pircenter.org.

Comments

 
 
loading