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“Complex security within the framework of a particular state is impossible because of the close interlacing of trans-border cooperation, trans-border structural projects with internal regulations and development of the legal system.” – Oleg Demidov, PIR Center consultant.




“If we just apply the treaty law, we may be tempted to think that if a cyber-attack is not an attack under the classical definition, then it is not restricted. We have to discuss to what extent cyber-attacks can be qualified as acts of violence in a legal sense” Nils Melzer, Human Rights Chair at Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights.


“Raúl Castro does not lose any possibility of criticizing American foreign policy towards Russia, the enlargement of NATO and the sanctions against Russia. The [Cuban] mentality of being principal may be too rigid, but people who are friends of Cuba can rely on Cuba” –  Santiago Pérez Benítez, Researcher of the Research Centre for International Policy. 


“Modern society has approached the stage of post-industrial development, which is characterized by the rapidly expanding information field of cross-language communication.  Prospects for the use of pictographic meta-language in ensuring effective cross-language written communication between multilingual correspondents as well as the equal translation of texts seem promising,” – Director of American Programs at the Russkiy Mir Foundation, Nikolai Mikhailov.


“Narendra Modi will actively support any opportunity for economic growth in India. Modi is strictly pragmatic – he plans to rule on the following principle: “If India’s interests are ignored, India will not meet you halfway”’, – Nandan Unnikrishnan, Vice President, Observer Research Foundation and member of the PIR Center International Expert Group.


baklitsky.jpg''In April of 2008, the government of the United Arab Emirates announced its intention to collect bids to build the country’s first nuclear power plant. Abu Dhabi’s dynamic activity, which concluded with a contract awarded to the South Korean company KEPCO, showed that nuclear energy development in the Middle East will cease to be associated just with the risks and threats of nuclear weapons proliferation and is already becoming another high-yield industrial sector,” – PIR Center research fellow Andrey Baklitsky.


“Russia’s withdrawal from the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) will signal the end of the first phase of an amazing experiment. This international effort has helped avoid a massive brain drain of nuclear scientists, chemists, aerospace engineers, and biotechnology pioneers while increasing the difficulty of illicit access by desperate individuals and foreign agents to bomb-making expertise and materials that abound in the world’s largest country. Let us hope that a second, equally promising experiment with similar goals will soon begin,” - Glenn Schweitzer, the first Executive Director of the ISTC, 1992 – 1994.


“A distinctive feature of the current situation is that the majority of European states do not consider conventional arms a primary threat, one of the reasons that no new agreements have been reached. As a result, a number of Russia’s foreign partners suggest emphasizing potential cooperation on common European security rather than focusing on the threats,” – Oleg Shakirov, PIR Center Intern."


«Nuclear and information technologies have become tightly interconnected. Civil nuclear infrastructure is becoming unprecedentedly vulnerable to cyber threats. Information technologies make impact on strategic positions of a nation state in the world. They also can be useful for tackling new challenges in the field of nonproliferation. In its turn, the experience of nuclear nonproliferation and arms control regimes would be useful for decision making in the field of international regulation of cyberspace», - PIR Center intern Maxim Simonenko.


“Program of Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction (GP) and International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) have potential to support effectively such traditional mechanisms of nuclear proliferation prevention as NPT regime, IAEA safeguards, Security Council sanctions. Participation in GP and ISTC corresponds to Russian interests because this contributes to strengthening its prestige on international arena as proponent of nonproliferation regime” – Alexander Cheban, PIR Center intern.