All nuclear weapons are withdrawn from Ukraine to Russia.
The Additional Protocol II to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Tlatelolco Treaty) comes into force for China.

International Security Index iSi



The Security Index Occasional Paper Series Publishes Policy Memo " If the New START Treaty Expires With No Extension:Scenarios For Russia" image

The memo presents possible scenarios should the New START Treaty expire without extension. Special attention is being paid to confidence building measures to implement without a treaty-like legal basis. The memo also considers the build-up potential of strategic nuclear forces of Russia and the US.



"As a follow-up to my Memos dated March 27, 2020, April 10, 2020, April 24, 2020 and May 12, 2020, I hereby declare the extension of the remote work mode until June 11, 2020 inclusive, due to the persistence of the complex epidemiological situation in Moscow", – Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Director of PIR Center.


«The circumstances in which the whole world has found itself today have changed, but the importance of nuclear nonproliferation issues and U.S.-Russia dialogue on the NPT review process continues to bring together both young and major experts. I am very glad that modern technologies help us in this. Could anyone predict a year ago, at the last meeting of the working group, that the Review Conference would be rescheduled? Hardly. But this gives us time, and by “us” I mean Russia, the USA and the whole nonproliferation community, time to think creatively about how we can better prepare for it. And our Track 2.5 meetings are devoted to exactly such ideas, fresh and bright, from the next generation of experts», – Director of PIR Center, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Federation, Professor at MGIMO University, Co-Chair of the working group Dr. Vladimir Orlov

50 years after ratification of the NPT by the Soviet Union and its entry into force


On March 5, 2020, we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the ratification and entry into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, a key element of the entire international security system. The most important multilateral treaty in the field of global nuclear policy, which became the foundation of the international non-proliferation regime, was positively accepted by the global community and received great support as an “agreement in the interests of all states,” as an instrument for “ending the nuclear arms race, moving forward with the general and complete disarmament".


March 12, 2020. An extended meeting of the Trialogue Club International dedicated to the 50th anniversary after ratification of the NPT by the Soviet Union and its entry into force. The keynote speaker is Sergey RyabkovDeputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. 

March 12, 2020. The PIR Center, jointly with the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations of the Institute of Contemporary International Studies of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, conducts a seminar entitled: 50 years after ratification of the NPT by the Soviet Union and its entry into force: lessons learned and prospects for strengthening of the nuclear nonproliferation regime". The event will take place with the participation of leading Russian experts, young professionals, and media representatives.

Experts' presentations and discussions of the seminar participants will address key issues related to the past and future of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the role of the Russian Federation in the structure of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, as well as issues of nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful use of nuclear energy on the agenda of the 2020 NPT Review Conference, which will be held in late April in New York.

Seminar's agenda (in Russian)


The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is half a century old today. “The NPT Instruments of Ratification were submitted by two of the NPT Depositary States, the Soviet Union and the United States, at a special ceremony at The Reception House in Moscow,” the Izvestiya newspaper reported on its front page on March 5, 1970.

Vladimir Orlov, PIR Center Director:  A precarious anniversary



The more criticism the current nuclear non-proliferation regime causes, the easier it is for a state striving to create it, to take advantage of the contradictions among the parties to the agreement

Andrei Baklitsky, PIR Center Consultant: Restricted Success: Why the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Must be Protected



The NPT was the first of the treaties meeting global challenges. For its efficiency, it is in this - and most important - sense that it is important to keep it away from the current political battles.

Albert Zulkharneev, PIR Center Consultant: The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons has turned 50 


It is crucial to reduce nuclear weapon, since they will never be used. It doesn’t even matter how much, the most important thing is to continue, by 500, 300 or 200, so that the process continues. Of course, I would also like our leaders to say that we need to move towards a complete ban, and any efforts in this direction are welcomed - without even mentioning Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons - any work in the spirit of Article No.6 of the NPT is useful". Ambassador Roland Timerbaev (1927-2019): Nuclear weapon is a wrong term


Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)

Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation on the 50th anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (in Russian)

Materials of the archive of the Russian MFA on the history of preparing the Treaty. The publication is made in a joint initiative of the NPT depository states (in Russian)

Statement by the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR A.N. Kosygin at the ceremony of deposit by the depositary countries - the USSR and the USA - of ratification instruments of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons held in Moscow (in Russian)


The PIR Center delegation will participate actively in the 2020 NPT Review Conference in New York.  Also, several side events will be conducted within the Conference on topics of non-proliferation and disarmament education, one of which will be a meeting of young experts from Russia and the United States on key issues of Russian-American dialogue in the field of nuclear non-proliferation.


For questions related to the PIR Center's program “The Future of the NPT and Russia's Interests”, you can contact Vladimir Orlov by e-mail