The successful launch of the first solid-fuel BM of the U.S. Army – TM Sergeant (range 140 km; nuclear charge yield 60 and 120 kilotons).



Today, PIR Center celebrates the 95th anniversary of an outstanding Soviet diplomat, scientist, one of the main mentors of the PIR Center for more than 20 years – Amb. Roland Timerbaev. He was one of the world's largest experts in the field of nuclear nonproliferation, a diplomat who made a tremendous contribution to the preparation of the 1968 Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), a key document of the global security system. 


We continue to publish materials on the X NPT Review Conference under the rubric "Notes from the Field: 10th NPT Review Conference through the Eyes of Russian Public Diplomacy". This time, PIR Center Deputy Director Elena Karnaukhova talked to Ambassador Sergio Duarte, the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs (2007-2012), the Brazilian representative to several International organizations, focusing on disarmament issues, the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA (1999-2000). He served the Brazilian Foreign Service for 48 years: the Ambassador of Brazil in a number of countries, including Austria, Croatia, Slovakia and Slovenia concurrently (1999-2002), China (1996-1999), Canada (1993-1996), and Nicaragua (1986-1991), Switzerland (1979-1986), the United States (1970-1974), Argentina (1963-1966), and Rome (1961-1963). Sergio Duarte stood at the origins of the NPT and was familiar with Roland Timerbaev.


"Once we went on a trip with my friend and our families. Rented a rickety old hut in the village, the electricity worked poorly, but there was a lot of firewood. We heated the stove, collected mushrooms, wandered through the swamps, caught crayfish with children in the icy water. There were a lot of impressions, but, unfortunately, the weather had deteriorated. I decided not to stop the trip, to go to the sea. It was difficult to keep the idea a secret and put the children to bed after intense adventures, I had to tell them.

Then, many years later, the children said the words most dear to my wife and me: "Parents, how happy we are that you are so crazy"," - Dmitry Danilov, Head of European Security Department at Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences.


PIR Center continues to publish materials on the X NPT Review Conference under the rubric "Notes from the Field: 10th NPT Review Conference through the Eyes of Russian Public Diplomacy". PIR Center Deputy Director Elena Karnaukhova talked to Ambassador Hamad Al Kaabi, Permanent Representative of the UAE to the IAEA, about the assessments of the X NPT RevCon, politization of review process, China's positions, Ukraine, the WMD-free zone in the Middle East, JCPOA, UAE in nuclear domain and cooperation with Russia.

90th anniversary of Amb. Yuri Nazarkin

On March 12, Amb. Yuri Nazarkin, member of PIR Center’s Advisory Board, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the USSR and Russia, Professor at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, celebrated his 90th anniversary.

Nazarkin’s services to Russia’s security and prosperity are hard to overstate. Yuri Konstantinovich devoted almost forty years of his life to serving the Soviet and Russian state in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and later in the Russian Security Council. Candidate of Historical Sciences and Doctor of International Relations with a specialization in the history of disarmament, Amb. Nazarkin made an invaluable contribution to the development of a number of international treaties to limit or ban weapons of mass destruction. In particular, Yuri Nazarkin took part in negotiations that led to the signing the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, and the Seabed Arms Control Treaty.

In 1989–1991, Amb. Nazarkin led the Soviet delegation in negotiations with the United States on nuclear and space weapons, which resulted in the conclusion in 1991 of the START Treaty. Yuri Konstantinovich shared his experience in the book “On Diplomatic Routine and Other Stories”, published by MGIMO, and more recently in an open-access article for “Russia in Global Affairs.”

While living in Switzerland, which is the center of international meetings and negotiations in the field of nonproliferation, disarmament and security, Yuri Konstantinovich continues to promote Russian-American dialogue on nuclear issues. After retiring from civil service, Amb. Nazarkin has worked at various times at the Geneva Center for Security Policy, the Geneva Center for Democratic Control of Armed Forces, the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations. One of Amb. Nazarkin’s recent papers on the future of Russian-American relations in the field of arms control is also available on PIR Center’s website.

PIR Center is grateful to Amb. Nazarkin for many years of cooperation. We are glad to have such an experienced mentor and senior comrade who has made an invaluable personal contribution to the modern international security architecture.