PIR PRESS NEWS
“Since there is no quick and easy solution to the situation around the DPRK, it is worth considering interim solutions. What could realistically be on the agenda for talks right now? Preventing unplanned military actions and minimal confidence building measures. This is the main problem today; nobody wants a war by error. In future, it would be wise to desist from the talks focused purely on the nuclear issue. It would not make sense to discuss North Korea’s nuclear issue without also looking at missile defense and the rising conventional potential of countries in the region, or without looking at the problems relating to uncertainty over diplomatic relations. And within any discussion it is vital that issues open to interim deals are identified,” – expert on the DPRK military capabilities, Vladimir Khrustalev.
"Interplanetary flight is such a complex, difficult and resource-intensive project that it is more rational to carry it out in a broad international cooperation, by integrating the experience and innovative technologies of different countries and distributing all associated risks more equally", - deputy CEO of Roskosmos corporation Sergei Saveliev.
“The first risk we can identify in the region is the risk of a “war by mistake”. Constant military exercises, huge concentration of forces, regular accidents can lead to an armed conflict,” – expert on the DPRK military capabilities, Vladimir Khrustalev.
Training course for university professors and research institutes staff 2013
NEW GLOBAL SECURITY REALITY: THE CHANGING NATURE OF THREATS IN THE XXI CENTURY
March 26-30 2013
From March 26-30, 2013 in Moscow, the PIR Center hosted an educational course for teachers from institutes of higher education in the CIS “The New Reality of Global Security: The Changing Nature of Threats in the 21st Century”. Program participants included faculty from 15 different universities in Russia (Vladivostok, Novosibirsk, Tyumen, Voronezh, Ekaterinburg, Moscow), Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tadjikistan, and Kyrgyzstan who study nonproliferation and international security.
Thanks to financial support from our partners, the PIR Center was able to gather representatives from research and educational centers in the CIS for the first time in ten years in order to share information and opinions on key tendencies in nonproliferation, arms control, nuclear energy, nuclear security, global internet governance, and information security.
In an address to the course participants, PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov noted: “Those gathered here are our colleagues – those who teach courses and write research papers on international security issues on a daily basis. Today it is important we learn how to work with a new audience. What can we give the next generation of students, diplomats, and military officers? I believe that knowledge and skills are necessary for independent and critical approaches to solving these common problems.”
Robert Berls, Director of the Moscow office for the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a partner organization of the PIR Center, said: “You have a very fascinating week ahead of you. I wish you the best of luck in your work and hope that in this week you are able to enrich your knowledge and strengthen your achievements as effective teachers and researchers in your organizations.”
Course lecturers consisted of a number of the PIR Center’s leading experts, including PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov, who presented an in-depth analysis of developments in the nonproliferation regime since 1995, of the nonproliferation policies of Russia and other CIS states, and gave an evaluation of the present state of the NPT review process.
PIR Center Senior Vice President Evgeny Buzhinsky highlighted issues with arms control for new types of weaponry. The theme of Senior Research Associate at the PIR Center Vadim Kozyulin’s presentation was an analysis of the recently-concluded conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (in Russian). PIR Center Board Member and Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations Natalia Kalinina questioned why chemical and biological security, regardless of their true threat, remain on the periphery and get little attention in international security educational programs.
Nuclear security came up on multiple occasions. It was discussed by Director of the International Center for Nuclear Training at MEPhI Victor Murogov in the context of his talk about the current state of nuclear energy around the world, while Dr. Orlov discussed the risks of nuclear terrorism.
The Head of the International Cooperation Department at the Federal Financial Monitoring Service Alexei Petrenko presented on a very new topic, one that has yet to be incorporated into educational programs – “Problems in Countering Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing. Russia’s 2013-2014 Chairmanship of FATF.”
Another novel topic that received piqued participants' interest was PIR Center "International Information Security and Global Internet Governance" Program Coordinator Oleg Demidov's presentation on key issues in the field and approaches to their solution.
The course participants dwelled on two key regional nonproliferation issues in particular. PIR Center Research Associate Andrey Baklitsky evaluated development perspectives for nuclear energy in the Middle East, as well as the establishment of a regional WMD-free zone. Meanwhile, Vladimir Orlov shared his views on the issues surrounding Iran’s nuclear program. One of Russia’s most experienced experts, Head of the Korea and Mongolia Department in the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Alexander Voronstov, explained in depth the origins of the situation on the Korean peninsula.
The course also included a seminar where participants were able to share their experiences teaching disciplines related to nonproliferation and international security. The seminar was led by Ildar Akhtamzyan, Associate Professor in the International Relations and Foreign Policy department at MGIMO, and Nataliya Piskunova, an expert with the Institute for Economic Strategies.
Participants’ goals upon arrival in Moscow for the course included professional development, opening up new topics, becoming familiar with the opinions of Russian experts, and discussions with colleagues. Judging by the course evaluations, many of these goals came to fruition.
“The course is defined by its high-level orientation to applied questions on disarmament, nonproliferation, and security. The course content is filled to the maximum with the most current information. I would also mention the all-around presentation of materials – a combination of visual aids and lectures. The discussions also had great meaning. The students and experts came across as true professionals in their fields,” said Ivan Zolotukhin, Director of the principle educational program “International Relations,” Far East Federal University.
Vera Gavrilova, Senior Lecturer, Department of International Relations and Regional Studies, Novosibirsk State Technical University, laid special emphasis on the opportunity of enriching contacts with colleagues from CIS states: “What sets this course apart from others is that it brings in teachers and experts from Central Asian countries, allowing for an exchange of best practices and discussion of possibilities for further partnership with these colleagues.”
Nuria Kutnaeva, Vice-President of Academic Affairs, International University in Central Asia, paid attention to the same issue: “The course was very interesting and cognitive, allowing me to update my knowledge of nuclear issues. It was remarkable to be able to take the first steps toward establishing a network of experts in nonproliferation between international relations departments.”
On the last day of the course the participants attended the Cold War museum "Bunker 42."
For more information regarding the PIR Center’s Education and Training Program, please contact the program director Albert Zulkharneev by phone +7 (495) 987-19-15, fax +7 (495) 987-19-14, or e-mail: zulkharneev at pircenter.org