The signing of the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed, the Ocean Floor, and in the Subsoil Thereof.
A State Defense Committee of the USSR directive creates Laboratory №2 tasked to acquire uranium fission energy and study into the possible military application of the energy of uranium. I.V. Kurchatov is designated the Head of Laboratory.

International Security Index iSi




“Pressing issues, related to the future of a zone free of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, in the context of the prospects for the NPT review process in 2016-2020, were in the center of discussions at the 65th session of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters (ABDM)” — Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Мember of the UN SG’s Advisory Board, Founder & Special Advisor to PIR Center. 


“In Syria, we have witnessed the attempts of at least two new centers of power – Turkey and Saudi Arabia – to pursue their geopolitical goals by means of force. Subsequently, Iran too began to display its geopolitical ambitions in the Syrian theater. The activation of power centers constitutes a phenomenon that by far extends the field of the broader Middle East.  Other countries – taking into account, of course, their actual capabilities and the conditions under which they operate – pursue a similar policy, such as Poland, India, Brazil and Iran. In the near future, assuming a stabilization of the economic situation, Indonesia and Egypt will also begin to pursue such a policy,” – Dmitry Efstafyev, member of the PIR Center Executive Board.


“Unless the CTBT enters into force, there is a risk that countries will pull out of the agreement and once again carry out nuclear tests. In that case, we would lose twenty years of hard work and fifty to sixty years of negotiations on a treaty and a dream.”— Lassina Zerbo, the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO.

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