The UN Security Council adopts Resolution №1172 to condemn the India and Pakistan nuclear tests.

International Security Index iSi




“The call of the Global Times chief editor Hu Xijin to increase the Chinese nuclear arsenal to 1000 warheads and put into service 100 DF-41 ICBMs caused a heated debate in the expert community. According to Xijin, the size of deterrence forces on a daily basis determines the attitude of American elites to China. He later explained that the threshold of 1,000 warheads is just a guideline. “If the United States continues to believe that China has only a few hundred warheads at its disposal, it will be dangerous for China” - this is the leitmotiv of the 523rd issue of Yaderny Kontrol.

The Security Index Occasional Paper Series Publishes Policy Memo " If the New START Treaty Expires With No Extension:Scenarios For Russia" image

The memo presents possible scenarios should the New START Treaty expire without extension. Special attention is being paid to confidence building measures to implement without a treaty-like legal basis. The memo also considers the build-up potential of strategic nuclear forces of Russia and the US.



"As a follow-up to my Memos dated March 27, 2020, April 10, 2020, April 24, 2020 and May 12, 2020, I hereby declare the extension of the remote work mode until June 11, 2020 inclusive, due to the persistence of the complex epidemiological situation in Moscow", – Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Director of PIR Center.

Regional challenges to WMD Nonproliferation


«Regional challenges to WMD Nonproliferation»


The course instructors: Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Amb. Vyacheslav Trubnikov, Mr. Oleg V. Rozhkov, Dr. Alexander V. Vorontsov, Dr. Ildar Akhtamzyan, Mr. Adlan Margoev


1. Course description

1.1 The place and role of the course in the program of study:

The course “Regional challenges to WMD Nonproliferation” aims at providing students with a comprehensive vision of the current regional challenges to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).

WMD nonproliferation regime covers nuclear, chemical and biological weapons; its legal base is formed by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).

Despite the global nature of the regime, the interests and actions of particular nation states support or undermine the WMD nonproliferation in different parts of the world. With WMD still seen as a viable means of deterrence, possession of this kind of weapons often triggered “domino effects”, when neighboring states tried to balance the capabilities of their peers symmetrically or asymmetrically. Such regional systems, covering several states and invoking different types of WMD, proved extremely difficult to dismantle.

The course will provide knowledge and discussion on key modern challenges to WMD nonproliferation in regional context.


1.2 The course objectives:

The main goal of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of the regional aspects of the WMD nonproliferation, including:

· To introduce basic definitions, concepts, history, current state and institutional structure of WMD nonproliferation regime in the regional context.

· To provide students with the overview of the main regions of concern from the nonproliferation point of view and the case studies of national WMD programs.

· To orient students to understand the interconnection between the WMD programs of the countries of the region, regional and global security.

· To provide students with methodology of analysis of the regional WMD proliferation risks.


1.3 Learning outcomes:

Classes are generally held to provide information and methodology necessary for independent analysis and discussion on the covered topics.

Teaching methods used include lectures, consultations, seminars, discussions and students’ seminar presentations.

By the end of this course, students should be able to:

1. Identify main regions of concern from the WMD nonproliferation point of view, key countries involved and the most pressing issues.

2. Understand the interconnection between national WMD programs in the regional setting, regional and global security situation.

3. Assess the possibilities to counter the WMD proliferation in the South Asia, East Asia and the Middle East.

4. Analyze the current state of US-Russian nonproliferation and arms control relations/dialogue and participate in a series of interactive discussions on this subject, either in oral or in written format, or both (optional)

5. Analyze the prospects for regional WMD disarmament.

6. Search information and literature on WMD nonproliferation issues; distinguish between authoritative and unreliable sources.


1.4 Course requirements:

Students will be required to attend not less than 90% of classes and to be prepared for class discussions. Conscientious reading of the assigned materials is compulsory. All students are required to participate in seminar and round table discussions during the course to demonstrate their familiarity with the course material, including lectures and readings. Students will also be required to prepare one presentation with power-point slides and to present it in due time. All students will be assessed by their participation in Online Seminar on U.S.-Russian Dialogue on the NPT Review Process.

Students of the WMD Nonproliferation program take final oral exam.

1.5 Grading plan:

To get «А» (“excellent”) student should get 90-100 points



Class active participation




Online Seminar





 Course outline & Literature (available in pdf)

Lecture 1. Introduction

Lecture 2 Middle East 

Lecture 3 Iran