China and Russia issued a joint statement that the creation of a global missile defense system does not contribute to maintaining strategic balance and stability
Tenex and the China Atomic Energy Corporation signed a contract for the construction of phase IV of the uranium enrichment in Hanzhong
The Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the USA sign a protocol to the treaty between the USA and the USSR on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, also known as the Lisbon Protocol

International Security Index iSi




On May 2, more than 40 friends and partners of the PIR Center gathered at the Permanent Mission of Russia to the UN. Among them were heads and high representatives of delegations participating in the third session of the Preparatory Committee of the NPT Review Conference, the world's largest experts in the field of non-proliferation, graduates of PIR Center programs working in New York, young scientists and master students of double degree in the field of non-proliferation.


"Can it really be true that PIR Center is a quarter of a century old today? It would be a great occasion for a grand celebration, wouldn’t it. But I still cannot quite believe it.

When me and a tiny team of my associates were establishing PIR Center in the spring of 1994, working in a small room on the corner of Tverskaya Ulitsa and Strastny Boulevard overlooking the Pushkin statue in the very heart of Moscow, I could hardly imagine that this great institution would live long enough to see the new century and indeed the new millennium. If someone told me back at the time that it would mark its 25th anniversary in Moscow, Geneva and New York, or that greetings would be pouring in from all over the world to what is now a highly reputable international nongovernmental organization, I probably wouldn’t believe them. After all, how many fly-by-night NGOs have we all seen over the years – here today, gone tomorrow?," Vladimir Orlov, PIR Center Founder.


"Today a member of the PIR Center Executive Board, a member of the IMEMO (Institute of World Economy and International Relations) Directorate, Army General, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Hero of Russia Vyacheslav Trubnikov celebrates his 75th birthday. Vyacheslav Ivanovich, having reached the greatest heights of public service, you remained open to new ideas, plans and actions. We are happy to work with you for almost ten years! You are a source of soft, but mighty and attracting power, which is especially important in relations with the new generation of specialists – those who will construct a new world. Many well-known and beginning diplomats and military men, scientists and journalists throughout Eurasia are grateful for your inspiration and support, for your wise and precise judgement. We wish you good health, optimism and high spirits! We look forward to new meetings with you! Keep it up!" – PIR Center Director Albert Zulkharneev. 

Regional challenges to WMD Nonproliferation


«Regional challenges to WMD Nonproliferation»


(2 credits)

The course program developed by Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, 2018.

The course instructors: Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Amb. Vyacheslav Trubnikov, Dr. Alexander V. Vorontsov, Dr. Ildar Akhtamzyan


1. Course description


1.1 The place and role of the course in the program of study:


The course “Regional challenges to WMD Nonproliferation” aims at providing students with a comprehensive vision of the current regional challenges to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). 


WMD nonproliferation regime covers nuclear, chemical and biological weapons; its legal base is formed by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).


Despite the global nature of the regime, the interests and actions of particular nation states support or undermine the WMD nonproliferation in different parts of the world.  With WMD still seen as a viable means of deterrence, possession of this kind of weapons often triggered “domino effects”, when neighboring states tried to balance the capabilities of their peers symmetrically or asymmetrically. Such regional systems, covering several states and invoking different types of WMD, proved extremely difficult to dismantle.


The course will provide knowledge and discussion on key modern challenges to WMD nonproliferation in regional context.


1.2 The course objectives:


The main goal of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of the regional aspects of the WMD nonproliferation, including:


  • To introduce basic definitions, concepts, history, current state and institutional structure of WMD nonproliferation regime in the regional context.
  • To provide students with the overview of the main regions of concern from the nonproliferation point of view and the case studies of national WMD programs.
  • To orient students to understand the interconnection between the WMD programs of the countries of the region, regional and global security.
  • To provide students with methodology of analysis of the regional WMD proliferation risks.  


1.3 Learning outcomes:


Classes are generally held to provide information and methodology necessary for independent analysis and discussion on the covered topics.

Teaching methods used include lectures, consultations, seminars, discussions and students’ seminar presentations.

By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Identify main regions of concern from the WMD nonproliferation point of view, key countries involved and the most pressing issues.
  2. Understand the interconnection between national WMD programs in the regional setting, regional and global security situation.
  3. Assess the possibilities to counter the WMD proliferation in the South Asia, East Asia and the Middle East.
  4. Analyze the current state of US-Russian nonproliferation and arms control relations/dialogue and participate in a series of interactive discussions on this subject, either in oral or in written format, or both (optional)
  5. Analyze the prospects for regional WMD disarmament.
  6. Search information and literature on WMD nonproliferation issues; distinguish between authoritative and unreliable sources.


1.4 Course requirements:


Students will be required to attend not less than 90% of classes and to be prepared for class discussions. Conscientious reading of the assigned materials is compulsory. Average assessment will consist of three parts. First part is derived from students’ class active participation to assess their familiarity with the course material, including lectures and readings. Second part is the assessment of students’ participation in seminar discussions or giving oral presentation with power-point slides at a seminar. Third part consists of students’ participation in Online Seminar on U.S.-Russian Dialogue on the NPT Review Process. If the student receives ≥ 70% average points, he/she passes the examination automatically. If the average points are <70%, the student takes an oral examination.


1.5 Grading plan:

To get «А» (“excellent”) student should get 90-100 points



Class active participation




Online Seminar





 Course outline & Literature (available in pdf)

Slides in pdf

Lecture 1. October 30, 2018. Introduction to the course: what regions of the globe are most vulnerable to proliferation and why.

Lecture 2. November 6, 2018. United Nations Disarmament & Arms Control Mechanisms. UN Secretary-General’s Agenda for Disarmament

Lecture 3. November 6, 2018. WMD Proliferation in the Middle East.

Seminar 2. November 13, 2018. Zone Free of Nuclear and other WMD in the Middle East. Supporting Materials.

Lecture 4. November 13, 2018. Iran’s Nuclear Program and JCPOA: a case study of addressing proliferation through diplomacy.

Lecture 7. December 4, 2018. WMD program of the DPRK: disarmament and nonproliferation aspects (RUS).