“Today the nuclear nonproliferation regime faces a range of key challenges. These challenges fall under four main categories: ongoing difficulties with the implementation and universalization of the treaty, the disturbance of strategic stability, increasingly ineffective mechanisms of multilateral diplomacy, and a lack of progress towards establishing a WMD-free zone in the Middle East” — “Strengthening the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime in 2016-2020”.
The Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) is widely considered to be a cornerstone of international security. In May 2015, its 191 states party failed to agree an outcome at their five-yearly Review Conference in New York. Our panel of experts will ...
Launching a non-governmental White Paper by PIR Center, Moscow in co-operation with Centre russe d’etudes politiques, Geneva and UNOG Library.
On APRIL 19, 2013 in the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva (15 Avenue de la Paix, Geneva) passed P5 CONFERENCE PUBLIC EVENT called "On the way to the 2015 NPTrevie...
PIR Center announces the “2012-13 International Arms Control Essay Contest: Innovation Through Open Source Technologies”. The Contest commences at 17:00 GMT (21:00 MSK), on December 3, 2012. Essays should be uploaded between December 3, 2012 and 23:0...
- Position : Editor of the Russia Confidential Analytical Bulletin
- Affiliation : PIR Center
- Position : PIR Center Consultant, Security Index Editorial Board Member
- Affiliation : PIR Center
- Position : Chairman of the Executive Board
- Affiliation : PIR Center
- Position : Special Advisor
- Affiliation : PIR Center
“The humanitarian rhetoric has led to polarization in the NPT review process. A group of states with more radical approach regarding the nuclear disarmament is ready to delegitimize the possession of nuclear weapons through additional legal instruments. They have separated from a wider group of states, which support increased pace of disarmament but are not ready for such drastic actions” — Alena Makhukova, PIR Center's Research Fellow.
“For the moment, the implementation of the deal goes relatively fine. There were some recent attempts on behalf of US Congress Republicans to ban the heavy water purchases from Iran, which would be counter to the JCPOA, but they were thwarted. The more pressing issue is the one about the proper implementation of the sanction relief part of the agreement. With Washington declining to let Iran use its financial system (the country is banned from it under previous non-nuclear sanctions) the uncertainty looms over the future of Iranian assets “unfrozen” under the JCPOA some of which are in US dollars.” – Andrey Baklitskiy, PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director.
Ways towards Nuclear Disarmament
The immense majority of countries and peoples stand for a nuclear-weapons-free world. The Russian Federation shares this noble goal.
Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev
The project has been implemented since October 2008. Within its framework PIR Center elaborates set of practical steps for the preparation of new international negations aimed at deep reduction of nuclear arsenals; develops recommendations on the issue of possible significant reduction of all types of nuclear weapons; analyses possibilities of cooperation between the Russian Federation and the USA in the field of missile defense
"Ways towards Nuclear Disarmament" project includes several integral parts:
Nuclear Nine (in Russian). Comprehensive analytics and data on all of nine states that currently posses nuclear weapons
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons - In recent years the US/NATO has sought Russian agreement to increase transparency on Russian NSNWs in the European part of the country and relocate these weapons away from the territory of NATO member states; and Russia, in its part, has insisted on the complete withdrawal of the U.S. NSNWs from Europe. But this endless circle does not promise much room for negotiations. PIR Center's Project is aimed at analyzing the current position of Russia, the United States and other NATO countries on the NSNW arms control issue and associated problems. The project also examines how the forward-deployed U.S. NSNWs in Europe affect the perception of the NSNW issue in the military-political leadership of Russia.
Conventional Arms Control in Europe - Having fulfilled its main task – to liquidate surplus of conventional arms – the CFE Treaty started to increasingly transform into a tool of collective control over Russian armed forces and of discriminatory limitations. Therefore setting a moratorium on the operation of the treaty was a consistent decision of Russian leadership and did not come unexpectedly for other parties. What comes next? Now it is apparent that there can be no return neither to the CFE Treaty of 1990, nor to the Agreement of its Adaptation of 1999, and authors are candid about it. Equally, there can also be no return to flank limitations for Russia in any form, even reduced. In response to Russia’s concerns about deployment of missile defense system in Europe our western partners emphasize openness and transparency. Maybe the same approach should be taken in the sphere of conventional arms? PIR Center experts try to answer the question within the framework of this Project.
Transparency in Nuclear Arsenals and Doctrines. PIR Center in its work pays much attention to studying the mechanisms for transparency in nuclear arsenals and doctrines and future nuclear weapons reductions, holding events and organizing discussions in the Security Index journal on the subject.
Missile Defense Issue. Real partnership on missile defense would provide a better missile defense of Europe, including European Russia. It would make NATO and Russia allies in protecting Europe, which could prove a ”gamechanger” in altering lingering Cold War attitudes in both Russia and NATO member-states. While studying the missile defense issue, PIR Center experts provide a set of recommendations which should lead to establishing the real (not declarative) partnership between Russia and its partners on the missile defense issue.
PIR Center Analysis
The 2015 NPT Review Conference, which failed to approve a Final Document, has put into stark relief the key challenges facing the nuclear nonproliferation regime. These challenges fall under four main categories: ongoing difficulties with the implementation and universalization of the treaty, distur...
The vast majority of the states recognize the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) as the cornerstone of the global security architecture. The treaty has an unprecedented membership of 191 states, and that number continues to grow: Palestine joined during the latest Review Conference held in April...
In 2010-2015, PIR Center has prepared three nongovernmental White Papers exploring the possibilities to strengthen different aspects of the nuclear nonproliferation regime. This report focuses on following up on PIR Center’s recommendations on implementation of the article VI of the NPT and creation...
A sustainable U.S.-Russian partnership requires further action in arms control, disarmament and nonproliferation to ensure a stable and enduring relationship. During the meeting of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group in Gstaad, Switzerland, on February 2, 2011, participants discusse...
On April 8, 2010, the day when the New START Treaty was signed, PIR Center in collaboration with the Ploughshares Fund established the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group. The SuPR Group's main objective was to support continuing and long-lasting success in the efforts by the Russian Fe...
Nuclear disarmament is one of the hot topics today. The more it is negotiated, the more there is the understanding that nuclear disarmament is a multilateral process, which should involve different actors and different aspects. At present, there are certain items on the short-term agenda – the strat...
The practical steps of the Russian Federation to fulfill its commitments demonstrate its determination to genuinely pursue nuclear weapon reductions. While recognizing that there has been certain progress towards nuclear disarmament and the fulfillment of commitments under Article VI of the NPT, Rus...
The five Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) nuclear weapon states, or “P5”, established a dedicated Working Group in 2011 to work on a Glossary of Key Nuclear Terms. Since then, under the leadership of the People’s Republic of China and the joint efforts of all P5 members, three meetings of the ...
Nuclear disarmament along with nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy is one of the three pillars and main elements of the NPT. The Russian Federation does it utmost to fulfill its relevant obligations under the Treaty.