• Position : Consultant, "Global & Regional Security: New ideas for Russia" Program
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
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“The structured dialogue on current and future challenges and risks to security launched within the OSCE is not yet a negotiation on a regime of conventional arms control in Europe, but an attempt to develop a shared understanding of what could be its foundation in the current conditions. Russia has supported this process, yet it specified that unless NATO drops its deterrence policy there could hardly be any progress,” —  Oleg Shakirov, PIR Center consultant.


“The entire European security system, including its military dimension, should be modernized. Here it may be reasonable to come back to Russia’s proposal to draft a comprehensive European Security Treaty, once put forward by the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. This document could embrace all security dimensions, including the military one, restore the  system  of  control, which  is in  fact lost  now,  over conventional  armed  forces, and  dramatically  improve  the  system  of  confidence- and security-building measures”, – Evgeny Buzhinskiy, Chairman of the PIR Center’s Executive Board.


In the new issue of the Security Index: Lassina Zerbo, the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO on DPRK nuclear testing and the future of the CTBTO, PIR Center’s recommendations for strengthening the international nuclear non-proliferation regime with comments by Sergio Duarte, High Representative of the UN Secretary General for Disarmament Affairs (2007-2012), Vadim Kozyulin on autonomous combat systems, Andrey Shkarbanov and Konstantin Stalmakhov on civil liability for nuclear damage, Kamal Gasimov on conflicts and squabbles within Syrian opposition, round table discussion on high-tech crime co-sponsored by CCI and PIR Center, Olga Mikhailova on cyber security of NPPs and critical infrastructure, Alyona Makhukova on Humanitarian initiative and the NPT review process.

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Conventional Arms and Prospects of Arms Trade Treaty

This project is completed. Information is not being updated

"The International Arms Trade Treaty is a bold initiative, which is ahead of its time. Today a lot of complicated issues are to be agreed on. It is noteworthy that the Russian position is undergoing a notable evolution. Russian experts have the opportunity to make a significant contribution to the project agreement. "

Director of the PIR Center Project "Prospects for the Arms Trade Treaty"  Vadim Kozyulin



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Arms transfers are a tool of big politics. This is an area of domestic policy, where the ratio between defense exports and domestic consumption of arms reflects the attitude of the country’s leadership towards armed forces. This is an area of foreign policy, through which current and future alliances can be traced, changes in the balance of power become visible, challenges and threats are exposed.

In the modern world, effective management of weapons transfers becomes particularly important. One of the possible regulation mechanisms is the International Arms Trade Treaty (IATT). Today the UN is preparing an international conference on IATT in 2013. The PIR Center experts actively participate in the development of recommendations on such IATT aspects as the scope of regulation of the Treaty (controlling legal trade or preventing illegal trade), the issue of the Register, the need to incorporate the human rights issue in the Treaty.

According to the data available to the PIR Center experts, today the Russian exporters are losing some of the traditional regional markets due to the emergence of new arms producers. There is a significant price increase in the Russian defense production, which creates problems both for the Russian Armed Forces, and for Russian arms exports.


The PIR Center’s Project

The Aim of the Project on Conventional Arms and the prospects for the ATT is the study of defense production in the Russian Federation and arms exports from Russia; the development of international law on conventional arms control, with an emphasis on processes related to the discussion and adoption of the international Arms Trade Treaty.

For all questions on the Project please contact Director of the Project Vadim Kozyulin,  tel:   +7 (495) 987-1915, fax: +7 (495) 987-1914, or via e-mail: kozyulin at

PIR Center Analysis

According to scientists’ forecasts, technologies accumulated by the human race can radically transform warfare already during the next decade. Military robotics is gaining a critical mass to make a huge qualitative leap.

Vadim Kozyulin, Senior Researcher at the PIR Center, believes that nowadays the...

Evgeny Buzhinskiy, Chairman of the PIR Center’s Executive Board and former head of the International Treaty Directorate at the Russian Ministry of Defense, believes that the Warsaw NATO Summit has become an important landmark capturing a new military and political reality: Russia has become the main...

The implementation of the State Armament Program to 2020 in Russia results in a massive renovation of weapons and military equipment in a scale, which is unmatched in the modern Russian history. The ambitious program reflects the undisputable priority of technologically upgraded and strengthened Arm...

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