This project is completed. Information is not being updated


"We believe that PIR Center’s project dedicated to the Russian nuclear export will allow Russian companies to conduct a more balanced policy on nuclear cooperation and will contribute significantly to the strengthening of strategic dialogue between Russia and other countries".


PIR Center President Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov


12-01-23_NUC.jpgNuclear technologies, including assistance in designing and building nuclear reactors are one of the key Russian high-tech exports. Russian nuclear exports comply with all the requirements regarding the security of nuclear materials and nuclear nonproliferation.


This project is a PIR Center’s initiative to conduct a comprehensive study of the current state and the future of Russia's nuclear energy cooperation with other countries. The initiative also aims to analyze the Russian nuclear industry's export potential during the ongoing era of nuclear renaissance, as the looming shortage of fossil fuels is forcing many countries to think seriously about pursuing nuclear energy.

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“Russia supports the establishment of the zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery in the Middle East. Unfortunately, this particular zone in this particular region have not materialized, but we keep on trying”.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov


Nuclear Energy in the Middle East


ME.jpgAs a result of rapid economic growth in the Middle East countries in the region are increasingly facing the problem of energy security. In the modern competitive world the availability of reliable and sustainable energy sources is becoming a decisive factor. At this moment, the only realistic alternative to petroleum is nuclear energy.


However, the political situation in the region means that the governments which want to pursue nuclear energy projects are facing a particular set of challenges. The international community's concerns regarding Iran's nuclear program, and the risk of religious fanatics coming to power in some countries in the region are creating barriers to peaceful use of nuclear energy in the Middle East.

For questions regarding the project, please contact "Nuclear Nonproliferation & Russia" Program Coordinator Sergey Semenov by phone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or via e-mail [email protected].

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The immense majority of countries and peoples stand for a nuclear-weapons-free world. The Russian Federation shares this noble goal.

Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev

The project has been implemented since October 2008.  Within its framework PIR Center elaborates set of practical steps for the preparation of new international negations aimed at deep reduction of nuclear arsenals; develops recommendations on the issue of possible significant reduction of all types of nuclear weapons; analyses possibilities of cooperation between the Russian Federation and the USA in the field of missile defense

"Ways towards Nuclear Disarmament" project includes several integral parts:

 

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Nuclear Nine (in Russian). Comprehensive analytics and data on all of nine states that currently posses nuclear weapons





Nonstrategic Nuclear WeaponsIn recent years the US/NATO has sought Russian agreement to increase transparency on Russian NSNWs in the European part of the country and relocate these weapons away from the territory of NATO member states; and Russia, in its part, has insisted on the complete withdrawal of the U.S. NSNWs from Europe. But this endless circle does not promise much room for negotiations. PIR Center's Project is aimed at analyzing the current position of Russia, the United States and other NATO countries on the NSNW arms control issue and associated problems. The project also examines how the forward-deployed U.S. NSNWs in Europe affect the perception of the NSNW issue in the military-political leadership of Russia.


Conventional Arms Control in Europe - Having fulfilled its main task – to liquidate surplus of conventional arms – the CFE Treaty started to increasingly transform into a tool of collective control over Russian armed forces and of discriminatory limitations. Therefore setting a moratorium on the operation of the treaty was a consistent decision of Russian leadership and did not come unexpectedly for other parties. What comes next? Now it is apparent that there can be no return neither to the CFE Treaty of 1990, nor to the Agreement of its Adaptation of 1999, and authors are candid about it. Equally, there can also be no return to flank limitations for Russia in any form, even reduced. In response to Russia’s concerns about deployment of missile defense system in Europe our western partners emphasize openness and transparency. Maybe the same approach should be taken in the sphere of conventional arms? PIR Center experts try to answer the question within the framework of this Project.

Transparency in Nuclear Arsenals and Doctrines. PIR Center in its work pays much attention to studying the mechanisms for transparency in nuclear arsenals and doctrines and future nuclear weapons reductions, holding events and organizing discussions in the Security Index journal on the subject.

 

 

Missile Defense Issue. Real partnership on missile defense would provide a better missile defense of Europe, including European Russia. It would make NATO and Russia allies in protecting Europe, which could prove a ”gamechanger” in altering lingering Cold War attitudes in both Russia and NATO member-states. While studying the missile defense issue, PIR Center experts provide a set of recommendations which should lead to establishing the real (not declarative) partnership between Russia and its partners on the missile defense issue. 

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This project is completed. Information is not being updated

"The key issue of security and development in Central Asia – the harmonization of interests. Given the continuing disagreement among states in the region, it is now more important than ever to establish ongoing dialogue on the basis of a joint assessment of threats. Only then can we really turn towards effective partnership in the field of security".

 Gennady Evstafiev, Lieutenant-General (ret.), Member of PIR Center’s Advisory Board

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 On the one hand the immediate proximity to a region where instability is escalating reveals a number of challenges to international security, on the other hand the region also reveals high energy potential.  For this reason Central Asia has become a region of interest and concern for Russia, U.S., EU, China,India, Iran and Pakistan. However, the situation is changing. It is increasingly clear that the goals that were set are unlikely to be achieved without the active involvement of Russian security projects. It is necessary to increase the effectiveness of regional cooperation mechanisms through organizations such as - SCO, CSTO, EurAsEC.

PIR  Center’s project "Security in Central Asia and Russia" defines the main vectors of rivalry and cooperation in the region.

The objective of the project is to answer the question of the optimal strategy of behavior of Russia in Central Asia.

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Special project on Central Asian Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone

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