Chronology

The tests of a 57-megaton yield thermonuclear device at Novaya Zemlya test site. The bomb is dropped from an aircraft.
30.10.1961
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30.10.2020

The article analyzes NATO nuclear sharing arrangements and examines the history of the concept of nuclear sharing, based on archival documents, and its practical implementation at the present stage. The authors pay special attention to the positions of the countries in whose territory American tactical nuclear weapons are stored, as well as to the speeches of countries against nuclear sharing at the PrepComs of the Review Conference. The authors give a list of reasons why NATO might benefit from changing its inflexible approach to nuclear sharing.

23.10.2020

The international relations system has been in the process of transformation since the early 1990-s. The unfulfilled unipolar project, which was being constructed by the USA, is transforming into a more just multipolar world order, which the future of world development belongs to. At the same time one can observe some countries pursue their foreign policies through strength, see the ideologization and militarization of international relations. The United States purposefully destroys the arms control system, develops the global missile defense system, withdrew from the INF Treaty, the Open Skies Treaty, does not agree to extent the New START.

22.10.2020

“The world is now in a state of transformation, and during this period of uncertainty and turbulence realistic analysis and foreign policy planning is more important than ever, especially for Russia”, ‒ Oleg Stepanov, Director of the Foreign Policy Planning Department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

International Conference “Emerging Technologies and Global Security: an Agenda for the 21st Century”

 


On September 29, 2016 an International conference “Emerging Technologies and Global Security: an Agenda for the 21st Century” will take place in Moscow.

The rapid development and increasingly common use of information and communications, aerospace, and nuclear technologies create new opportunities to solve social and economic problems, expanding access to energy, information and knowledge. At the same time, the use of emerging technologies for destructive purposes leads to an exacerbation of old threats, as well as to the emergence of the new ones. The creation of new types of weapons that are regulated neither by bilateral nor by multilateral agreements can trigger another arms race.

The aggravation of political relations between Russia and Western countries became an obstacle in the search for optimal solutions. A dialogue on the issues of global security might be an effective to reconstruct the cooperation.

 

Conference Goals and Objectives:

- To advance new initiatives that would bring together different approaches and develop measures to reduce the risk of using emerging technologies, as well as to increase their beneficial uses in the interest of development and global security

- To restore and further develop the dialogue between experts from Russia, the West and other countries on emerging threats and challenges to global security

- To join efforts of the private sector, expert and political communities to come up with the optimal balance between the opportunities and risks of the use of emerging technologies, along with their impact on global security

- To engage young experts in the discussion on the pressing security issues.

   

Participants

PIR Center and the Diplomatic Academy will bring together more than 100 Russian and foreign experts, representing different professional communities and ready to work together on broadening opportunities and reducing the risks of using emerging technologies for ensuring global security. Participants of PIR Center’s International School on Global Security will also take part in the conference.

   

Tentative agenda of the Conference

- Global security and international law within the spheres of emerging technology and political reality

- Challenges to international law: traditional and new tools of regulation

 

Panel 1. Prospects for international cooperation in nuclear energy, nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security

- How could we deal with the trend of decreasing efficiency of the current multilateral diplomacy formats in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament?

- What kind of nuclear security regime do we need to effectively counter the terrorist threat?

- How can we guarantee the protection of the critical nuclear infrastructure against cyber attacks?

- What role could the nuclear industry play in the development of the nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security regime?


Panel 2. The role of the government and private sector in the protection of critical infrastructures from global cyber threats

- What are the effective possibilities and limits of international cooperation to secure the information security of critical infrastructures?

- Is it possible to create an international classification of critical infrastructures to enhance the practical effects of international teamwork?

- What is the role of the private sector in the development and implementation of protection standards of critical infrastructures from ICT challenges?

 

Panel 3. Prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space, the threat or use of force against outer space objects – from words to deeds

- How big of a threat does military action in outer space pose for peaceful space activities?

- What kind of legal standards should be in place to enforce/maintain the peaceful nature of outer space?

- How can we ensure the prohibition of the use of force against objects in space, considering the possibility of dual usage of facilities and technologies?

- Are verification mechanisms necessary for the effective implementation of legal standards in outer space?

 

Panel 4. Lethal autonomous weapon systems – myth or real possibilities and threats – political and legal issues

- Robot arms control – security concern or endeavor to limit the competitors?

- Agreeing upon the terms: autonomy, autonomous and automatic systems, lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS), artificial intelligence and other concepts in the domain of regulating the proliferation of LAWS, LAWS classification

- Are there enough tools of international humanitarian law to control LAWS? Does IHL provide the Meaningful human control?

- Safety matters: risks of potential incidents, terrorists’ use of LAWS

 

Partners of the Conference

 

 

 


Become a partner of the Conference


Contact information:

Director of PIR Center's Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation Program: Andrey Baklitskiy

E-mail: baklitsky at pircenter.org

Tel: +7 (499) 940 09 83

 

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