A world without nuclear weapons is a long-term goal, which we need to start working towards right now. It is possible that at some point in the future...


Dear Tom,

It is a pleasure to have the chance to correspond with you, and I am grateful to the Security Index for this exchange. I am looking forward to hearing your thoughts on whether a policy of nuclear disarmament is appropriate within the current international security climate.

For my part, I a...

Divergent perceptions of the proliferation threat play a significant role in the nonproliferation regime. By analyzing threat perception and resulting state policy preferences, the authors help identify issues on which a convergence of views, if not consensus, might be generated, and highlight those...

The year 2012 marks the ten-year anniversary of UN General Assembly resolution 57/60 and the UN Secretary General's report on disarmament and non-proliferation education. At the very beginning of the 21st century, it became clear that a new wave of interest in atomic energy, dubbed the "nuclear rena...

On December 25, 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev handed over his briefcase containing Russia's nuclear launch codes to Boris Yeltsin. Eighteen months after Russia declared its sovereignty from the Soviet Union and six months after his election as Russian president, Yeltsin received the keys to the contry's n...


  • Affiliation : Professor, Major General (retired), Chief Research Associate, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
  • Affiliation : PIR Center Executive Board member, Consultant ANO ASPECT-CONVERSION
  • Affiliation : Director, Center for Energy and Security Studies (CENESS)
  • Affiliation : Director of the Center for the Promotion of Disarmament and Non-Proliferation at Japan Institute of International Affairs.
  • Affiliation : Senior Researcher, Center for International Security, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO
complete list

PIR Center together with Carnegie Moscow Center holds The Second Moscow International Nonproliferation Conference 20.09.2003

Carnegie Moscow Center, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

The Second Moscow International Nonproliferation Conference took place from 19 to 20 September 2003 in Hotel Metropol, gathering more than 300 key experts and official from 36 countries to discuss the critical nonproliferation issues of the day.

The Conference was co-organized by the two leading nonproliferation research organizations - Carnegie Moscow Center and the Center for Policy Studies in Russia (PIR Center) with the support from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP).

sergeev.jpg"The current Moscow International Nonproliferation Conference, unlike the previous one, is taking place in the environment that has changed. The range of challenges to international security has broadened, and, most importantly, the imminence of the threat has grown," stated the Assistant to the President of Russian on Strategic Stability Igor Sergeev in his welcoming address to the participants of the Conference.

Addressing the Conference, the Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs Nobuyasu Abe noted that "the imminent threat of nuclear proliferation and the heightened concern about the use of "weapons of mass destruction" (WMD) by non-state actors surely justify a fresh look at the global non-proliferation regimes as an urgent matter."

Raising the question about how to deal with this threat, the Director of Carnegie Moscow Center Andrew Kuchins emphasized that the right answer consists in "effective combining of already existing international regimes."

"No one is going to denounce or to revise the NPT Treaty," noted in his address to the Conference PIR Center Director Vladimir Orlov. "The Treaty represents a rare case when 11 small articles are protecting the world from the spread of nuclear weapons. If there were no such a Treaty, we would have had around 40 nuclear-weapon states by now. The NPT Treaty has been working well and there is no need to revise it. In 2005 we will simply review it to see how to increase its effectiveness," said Vladimir Orlov. 

abe.jpgIn Mr. Abe's opinion, "the United States and the Russian Federation bear special responsibility for strengthening the nonproliferation regime as the world's two "Superpowers". This view is shared by Andrew Kuchins, who noted that "only strong US-Russia cooperation can help to solve the WMD proliferation problem."

Speaking to the conference, the US Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham expressed his confidence that the US Congress will approve a budgetary request, put forward by DOE, to increase funding for nuclear security programs up to 1,3 billion dollars, what would help nonproliferation programs in Russia.

At the same time, while answering the questions, Russia's Minister on Atomic Energy Aleksandr Rumyantsev stressed that "Minatom possesses enough financial resources, both budgetary and accumulated during the commercial activities, to launch the process of strengthening nonproliferation in Russia".rumyantsev.jpg

Other topics of discussion also included the threat of terrorism with the use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, Iranian nuclear program, the North Korean "nuclear puzzle," etc.

The proceedings of the Second Moscow International Nonproliferation Conference were widely covered by the Russian and Western mass media. 83 journalists, representing 51 medias from 17 countries took part in the Conference.

Agenda (PDF-file)

Participants (PDF-file)