The Role of the Women in the Areas of Nuclear Nonproliferation, Disarmament and Global Security: the Case Study of Russia image

Are our sex and gender so important for professional development in the fields of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament and can they become an obstacle in the XXI century? The goal of this research paper is to study the role of the Russian women in the fields of nuclear nonproliferation, disarmam...

Way Out of the Arms Control Pandemic image

This research paper attempts to place nuclear disarmament and arms control in the context of the sustainable development agenda. In particular, the paper examines the possibility of applying the experience and specific mechanisms of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to create new incentives for nuclear arms c...


PIR Center conducted an interview with Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka, Senior Advisor on International Relations to the Leader of the Opposition and Daily FT Columnist (Colombo, Sri Lanka). Since March 2022, Dayan Jayatilleka has been a member of the PIR Center Advisory Board.

In an interview with him, we ...

In an Vladimir Orlov's interview, director of PIR Center, with Jorge Ferrer, a journalist of the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, the issues of the risks of using nuclear weapons against the background of the Ukrainian conflict are touched upon. We also talked about how the Chekhov rifle differs from nu...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Professor Mustafa Kibaroglu, Ph.D in International Relations, Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences at the MEF University in Istanbul, a PIR Center Advisory Board member. We discussed the possibility of exporting U.S. nuclear tec...

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Security Index Authors

Rubin Uzi image
Affiliation : President of Rubincon Ltd
Biography :

Independent consultant. In 1989–1990 he headed the missile technology proliferation program in the Center for International Security and Arms Control at the Stanford University. One of the founders of the Organization for Missile Defense of Israel, which he headed in 1991–1999. Mr. Rubin is an author of the Israeli Arrow missile defense system. In 1999 he was Senior Director of the Council for National Security of Israel. In 2001–2002 he was a Special Assistant on R&D to the Israeli Defense Ministry. He published a lot on missile issues, has many government rewards.

Rumyantsev, Alexander Yu. image
Biography :

Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences Professor Laureate of the USSR State Prize. Born on July 26, 1945. Background, expertise, academic degrees and titles. 1969 – Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. 1969 – Engineer, RRC Kurchatov Institute 1973 – Junior Researcher. 1982 – Senior Researcher.

Ryabkov, Sergey A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. In 1982, graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Served at several positions both at the central office of the Russian Foreign Ministry and abroad. In 1995-1999, was the Head of the OSCE Unit of the Department of European Cooperation. In 1999 – 2002 – Senior Counsellor (political) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2002-2005, served as the Minister Counsellor (Deputy Chief of Mission) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2005-2008 – the Director of the Department of European Cooperation. Since 2008 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Security Index Journal Editorial Board member.


Rybachenkov, Vladimir I. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Independent expert
Biography :

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Advisory Board Member Dr. He was a Counsellor of the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Washington, USA. Advisor of the Department on Disarmament and Security Issues, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2000.

Sami Al-Faraj image
Affiliation : President of the Kuwait Centre for Strategic Studies
Biography :

PhD. National security advisor to the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf

Samore, Gary image
Biography :

Held various positions at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Rand Corporation, and Harvard University, where he received a PhD in Government in 1984. From 1987 to 1995, held various positions at the Department of State. As Deputy to the Ambassador-at-large for Korean Affairs, Robert Gallucci, he was one of the US negotiators of the 1994 US–DPRK Agreed Framework. Worked in the Department of State as Director of the Office of Regional Non-proliferation Affairs in the Bureau of Political Military Affairs and as Special Assistant to the Ambassador-at-large for Non-proliferation and Nuclear Energy Policy, Richard T. Kennedy. Served as Director of Studies and Senior Fellow for Non-Proliferation at the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) in London. Directed the Institute's Non-Proliferation Programme. From 1996 to 2000, he served as Special Assistant to President Clinton and Senior Director for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls at the National Security Council.

Satanovsky, Yevgeny Y. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : President, President, The Middle East Institute (MEI)
Biography :

Candidate of Economics, Advisory Board member Founder and President of ARIEL GROUP; President of the Institute for Middle East Studies; Vise-President of the Russian Jewish Congress (RJC); Member of the Russian Society of Friends of Arab States; Member of the Center for Oriental Literature of the Russian National Library; Author of the monographs: Israel in Contemporary World Politics: Probable Strategic Adversaries and Strategic Partners, 2001; The Economy of Israel in the 1990s, 1999; and more than 50 articles published between 1987 and the present in academic collections and periodicals in Russia, Israel, and the US. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2006.

City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Head, Strategic Studies Department, Center for International Security, Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
Biography :

Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of International Policy Faculty, Moscow State University. The author of more than 70 publications, including “The big five. Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union”, co-authored with N. Detinov (USA, 1995) and “Political and Military-Strategic Aspects of Start-1 and Start-2 Treaties” (Moscow, IMEMO, 2000). In 1989-1991 participated in Soviet-American START-1 negotiations (Defense and Space Talks) representing the Academy of Sciences as an Adviser to the Soviet Delegation. Dr. Savel'yev is a well-known specialist in the field of Russian-American strategic relations, arms control, nuclear doctrines and strategy, national security and decision-making. Research interests: military economy, international security and arms control. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2002.

Schmidt Andreas image
City : Frankfurt
Affiliation : Research fellow at the Institute for Peace Research
Biography :

In 2006-2007 – Senior professor at the University of. Johannes Gutenberg (Mainz, Germany).

Semin, Valery V. image
Affiliation : Assistant to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Prof., Advisory Board member. Former Head of the Global Partnership division and chief counselor, Security and Disarmament Department of the RF Foreign Ministry. Previously also worked as the counselor for science of the RF Consulate General in San Francisco (CA, United States) and department deputy manager in Russia's Federal Agency for Intellectual Property. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2000-2015.

Serdyukov Anatoly Eduardovich image
Biography :

In 2004-2007. – Head of the Federal Tax Service. In 2007-2012 - Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation.

Sergeev, Igor D. image
Affiliation : Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Strategic Stability (2001-2004); Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation (1997-2001), Marshal of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Marshal Sergeev was born on April 20, 1938 and graduated from the Black Sea Military School in 1960, the F.E. Dzherzhinsky Military Academy in 1973, and the USSR General Staff Military Academy in 1980.

Seth Kinkade image
Affiliation : US Sales Director AcmaVolpak at Coesia S.p.A.
Biography :

Born in 1980. Holds B.A. degree in international studies of the University of Illinois. In 1998–2004 served in the U.S. Army. In 2005–2006 was the President of the University of Illinois’ Orchard Down’s Family and Graduate Housing Council. Currently completes his masters in international trade policy at the Monterey Institute of International Studies in California.

Shafei, Gholamreza image
Biography :

Born on 31 May 1951 at Marand (Iran). In 1975 he graduated from Sharif Technical University (BS in Mechanics engineering). In 1981-1983 he served as First Deputy Director and Director - Manager of the Organization of the National Industry of Iran. From 1983 to 2000 he stayed in positions of Deputy Minister of Metals and Mines, Minister of Industry, Vice-president of the Organization of Planning and Budget, Minister of Cooperation and Minister of Industry of Iran.

Shakirov Oleg I. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant, "Global & Regional Security: New ideas for Russia" Program
Expertise :
European security
Digital diplomacy
Biography :

Senior Expert at the Center for Advanced Governance, Researcher at the Institute of Contemporary International Studies of the Russian Diplomatic Academy, Consultant at PIR Center, Expert of the Russian International Affairs Council. Member of the Younger Generation Leaders Network on Euro-Atlantic Security. Since 2017, he has been PIR Center’s contact person for the OSCE Network of Think Tanks and Academic Institutions, and in 2018, he was involved in the implementation of the Network’s project focused on the future of conventional armed forces control. In 2016-2019 he worked as an Expert on Foreign Policy and Security at the Center for Strategic Research. In 2010, he graduated from the International Faculty of the South Ural State University. In 2015, he received his Master’s Degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. His research interests include European security and conventional arms control and the impact of digital technologies on international security. 08/21

Shakleina Tatyana image
Affiliation : Head of Department of Applied Analysis of the World Political Processes, Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Shevtsov, Anatoly image
Biography :

Anatoly Shevtsov holds a doctoral degree in Technical Sciences. In 1961 he graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute. He worked in Yuzhnoye Design Bureau (Dnepropetrovsk) from 1961 to 1992, making a career from an engineer to Deputy Director.

Shihab-Eldin, Adnan image
Affiliation : Director General of the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences
Biography :

Formerly Acting Secretary General and Director of Research of OPEC. Dr. Shihab-Eldin graduated from the University of California at Berkeley with a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering, a Master of Science degree, and a Doctorate in Nuclear Engineering. From 1999 to 2001, Dr. Shihab-Eldin was Director of the Division for Africa, East Asia and the Pacific, Department of Technical Co-operation, at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria. Prior to joining the IAEA, he served as Director of the UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Technology (Cairo) and as the UNESCO Representative in Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen. From 1976 to 1986 he was the Director General of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, serving concurrently until 1980 as Vice Rector for Academic Affairs at Kuwait University.

Shlykov Vitaly image
Biography :

In 1958 he graduated MGIMO and in 1973 – the Military Diplomatic Academy. In 1958–1988 Col. (retired) Shlykov served in the Armed Forces, mainly in GRU (Main Intelligence Directorate) of the General Staff. In 1989–1990 he joined IMEMO as a leading research associate in the section of militarypolitical studies. In 1990–1992 he was Deputy Chairman of the State Committee on Public Security and Interaction with the MOD and KGB (later on – the State Committee on Defense and Security, State Committee on Defense Issues). In 2001–2003 he was an advisor to the Director General of United MachineBuilding Plants (OMZ), in 2003–2004 – an advisor to ZAO Atomstroyexport. Dr. Shlykov is awarded with orders and medals.

Shubin, Vladimir G. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Institute for African Studies in the Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Senior Research Fellow
Expertise :
Biography :

Shubin, Vladimir, Dr., is Senior Research Fellow of the Institute for African Studies in the Russian Academy of Sciences; Professor of the Faculty of History, Political Science and Law of the Russian State University for the Humanities; a member of the Russian National Committee for BRICS Studies Research Council; a member of the Expert Council of the Foreign Affairs Committee at the Federation Council of the Russian Federation. Graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO) in 1962. In 1962-1969, served as an officer in the Soviet armed forces. In 1969–1979, he was a Secretary of the Soviet Afro-Asian Solidarity Committee, head of the Africa section. In 1982-1991, he was Deputy Head of the Foreign Affairs Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In1993–2011, he taught in universities of Africa, Europe and Asia.

Shustov Vladimir image
Biography :

Amb. Shustov was born in 1930 in Leningrad. He graduated the faculty of history of the MGIMO in 1953 and in 1956 finished his postgraduate studies there. In 1957-2002 Dr. Shustov served in the Foreign Ministry. He participated in the numerous nego tiations on disarmament issues (testban treaties, NPT, etc.). In 1979-1986 he worked in New York as Deputy Permanent Representative of the U.S.S.R to the United Nations. In 1992-1995 he represented Russia in the OSCE and headed the delegation at the CFE talks. Until 2002 he was ambassador at large at the MFA.

Biography :

Student of social and economic studies at the Center for Judaism and Jewish Civilization of the Institute of Asian and African Studies. Research activities are related to the migration processes in the Middle East, Israel and the eastern Mediterranean. In 2008 she was a PIR Center intern.

Smertina, Ksenia V. image
Position : PIR Center Expert
Expertise :
European Security Policy
Draft of agreement on European security
Biography :

PhD student of MGIMO (University) MFA of Russia. Holds MA degree from Saint-Petersburg State University , School of International Relations (2010) and from Central European University (2008). Co-founder of Russia Direct, a news portal for experts and professionals in international affairs. Intern at PIR Center in 2009. Research interests: states of Central and Eastern Europe, European security issues.

Smirnov Sergey image
Affiliation : Leading Expert of the Center for International Studies of the Nevelsky Naval University
Biography :

Graduated the Far Eastern State University in 1982 and the Far Eastern State Technical University in 2002. In 2006 he was a research fellow at the NATO Defense College in Rome. Dr. Smirnov is the author of over 30 publications.

Smith, Harold image
Biography :

Harold Smith focuses on the impact of technology on foreign and defense policy. In 1993-1998 - Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs with responsibilities for reduction and maintenance of the American and NATO arsenals of nuclear weapons, dismantlement of the chemical weapon stockpile, oversight of the chemical and biological defense programs, management of counter-proliferation acquisition, and management of treaties related to strategic weapons.

Sobolev Valentin image
Biography :

Colonel general. Former Deputy director of the FSB. In 1999-2012 - Deputy Secretary of the Security Council.

Sokov, Nikolai N. image
Affiliation : Senior Fellow at the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation.
Biography :

Ph.D., Doctor of Political Sciences, Doctor of History, Advisory Board member. Until 2011 he was Senior Research Associate at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies (CA, United States). Nikolai Sokov has a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan (1996) and (the Soviet equivalent of a Ph.D.) Candidate of Historical Sciences degree from the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (1986). He graduated from Moscow State University in 1981. Beginning in 1981, Nikolai Sokov worked at the Institute of US and Canadian Studies and the Institute of World Economy and International Relations in Moscow. From 1987-92 he worked at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union and later Russia, and participated in START I and START II negotiations as well as in a number of summit and ministerial meetings. He has been invited to speak at numerous conferences and provide briefings to many organizations and governmental agencies.

Soltanieh Ali Asghar image
City : Tehran, Iran
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Advisor to Vice President and Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran
Expertise :
Nuclear power in the Middle East
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Within the last 30 years has been involved as a nuclear physicist and senior diplomat, in the capacity of special envoy, delegate, chief negotiator, and invited speaker, in numerous international events on disarmament and international security. 1980-1990 — Director, Nuclear Research Centre to the Atomic Energy Organization of Islamic Republic of Iran (AEOI). During this period, was also Resident Representative of Iran to the IAEA. 1990-1996 — director of both Education and Manpower Mobilization Department of the AEOI and the Nuclear Engineering Department of the Organization. 1996-1999 — Advisor to the Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic and Secretary of the National Authority of the Chemical Weapons Convention. 1999-2002 — Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Iran to the UN and other international organizations in Geneva. A Chief Negotiator for the Additional Protocol to the Biological Weapons Convention. After the end of his mandate became Deputy Director-General for International Political Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran. At the same time — Member of the negotiating team in the talks between Iran and the group EU3 on the Iranian Nuclear Program. 2006-2013 — Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Iran to the IAEA and Permanent Representative to the UN and other international organizations in Vienna, including OPEC and OPEC Fund. During this assignment was a President of the UNIDO Board; Vice President of several annual sessions of the General Conference of IAEA; Chairman of the Asian Group in the UN in Vienna etc. Currently — Advisor to the Vice President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization H. E. Ali Akbar Salehi; Associate Professor in Nuclear Physics, Disarmament and International Security at the Faculties of Science and International Relations in various universities respectively. Published several papers on the topics related with the nuclear energy, nuclear arms control and nonproliferation. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

Soren Bo Bojesen image
Affiliation : Defense Attaché of the Royal Danish Embassy in Moscow, also in Minsk, Astana, Bishkek, Dushanbe, and Tashkent
Biography :

Brigadier General Bojesen joined the military service in 1974. Two years later he graduated the Specialized Army School (as a military translator from Russian). He then served as a staff officer in the Danish Armed Forces. In 19951996 he headed the Danish national intelligence cell (DANIC) at the IFOR headquarters in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 19961998 he served in the Main Operational Control Directorate (peace keeping operations) of the Supreme Command of the Danish Armed Forces. In 19992000 he was Deputy Commander and Chief of Staff of the Danish peacekeeping contingent within KFOR in Kosovo. After graduating the General Staff Academy of the Russian Federation, he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General in 2003. In 2004 he was elected president of the Moscow association of military attachés.

Spassky, Nikolai N. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Deputy Director General, Rosatom State Corporation for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Doctor of Political Science, Ph.D. in History. Born in 1961. After graduation from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1983 Nikolay Spassky worked in various diplomatic positions within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including Deputy and First Deputy Director, 1992-1994; Director of the North America Department from February 1994; Member of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Board from December 1995; Joint Russian Ambassador to Italy and San Marino, 1998-2004; Assistant Secretary to the Russian Security Council, 2004-2006. Nikolay Spassky holds the diplomatic rank of Plenipotentiary Ambassador, First Class. He is also the co-founder of the Centre russe d'études politiques. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009. Member of PIR Center Editorial Board.

Spector, Leonard image
Biography :

Mr. Spector joined CNS from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), where he served as an Assistant Deputy Administrator for Arms Control and Nonproliferation at the National Nuclear Security Administration.

Spiridonov Alexander image
Affiliation : Deputy Head of the Russian Federal Financial Monitoring Service (Rosfinmonitoring)
Biography :

Graduated from the Moscow Tsiolkovsky University of Aerospace Technology in 1976, and from the KGB Higher School in 1986. Served as an engineer with a military unit in 1976–1980, and in national security agencies in 1980–2001. Head of HR and Affairs Department of the Financial Monitoring Committee. Appointed Deputy Head of the Financial Monitoring Service in February 2002. Holds the rank of Class II State Advisor.

Stepanova, Ekaterina A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Head of the Peace and Conflict Studies Unit
Biography :

Ph.D in Political Science, head of the Group on peace and conflict studies and leading research associate at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), RAS. Specializes on armed conflicts and conflict management research, terrorism, other types of collective violence, ideological extremism, political economy of conflicts, and network structures. In 2007-2009 was Leader of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Armed Conflicts and Conflict Management Project. Author of 180 scientific papers in ten languages, six monographs, including "Terrorism in Asymmetrical Conflict" (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008). Her book “The Role of Illicit Drug Business in the Political Economy of Conflicts and Terrorism” (Moscow, 2005) has won the medal for young scientists from the Russian Academy of Sciences. Serves on editorial boards of the following journals: "Global Governence", "Terrorism and Political Violence" (St Andrews Univesity, UK), "The International Journal on Conflict and Violence", "Security Index" (PIR Center), and "The road to peace and security". Gives lectures for the international programs at the European University in St. Petersburg (EUSP) and Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA). Member of the PIR Center Executive Board member, the Academic Council on the United Nations System, the Russian-American expert group on Afghan drug trafficking, and the expert and methodological group Global Peace Index. Personal web-page:

Stoudmann, Gerard image
Affiliation : Special Representative of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe for Human Rights in Crimea
Biography :

Ambassador Gérard Stoudmann studied law at the University of Lausanne and International Relations at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. At the beginning of career Gérard Stoudmann served as Personal Adviser to Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, President of the Swiss Confederation and Minister of Economy. Later Gérard Stoudmann was Managing Director of the St-Gallen Foundation for International Studies, University of St-Gallen and of the “St-Gallen International Management Symposium”. In 1997, Gérard Stoudmann was appointed Ambassador and elected Director of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights in Warsaw. Later he was Director of the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. In 2006 Ambassador served as UN High Representative for the Elections in Cote d'Ivoire, an appointment by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. In 2009 - 2015 served as Special Representative of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe for Organizational Development and Reform of the Organization. Honorary member (Membre d’Honneur) of the Centre russe detudes politiques.

Subbotin Stanislav image
Affiliation : head of section of the Russian Research Center – the Kurchatov Institute
Biography :

Born in 1949. In 1972 he graduated the MEPhI and until 1977 worked in the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE) in Obninsk. Since then he has joined the Kurchatov Institute. Dr. Subbotin is the author of several books and numerous articles. His research interests include nuclear energy reactors, innovation technologies of nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear energy, systemic research of power engineering progress.

Sumsky Victor V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Director, ASEAN Center, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012. Director of the ASEAN Center at the Moscow State Institute (University) of International Relations (MGIMO-U), and Chief Research Fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, RAS. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2012. Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2018.

Taisuke Abiru image
Affiliation : Research Fellow at the Tokyo Foundation
Biography :

After graduating from Waseda University with a degree in political science and economics, earned his MA at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations. After working as a freelance journalist, assumed his current position.

Teplouhova Mariya image
City : Vladivostok, Russia
Biography :

participant of PIR Center Summer School 2009

Tokayev, Kassym-Jomart image
Affiliation : Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva and the Secretary-General of the Conference on Disarmament (since 2011).
Biography :

Dr. Graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, the Beijing Institute of the Chinese Language and the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. He served as the Chairman of the Senate of Kazakhstan since January 2007. He also occupied the position of Minister for Foreign Affairs (1994-1999) and Secretary of State, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2002-2007). Dr. Tokayev also served as Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 1999 to 2002.

Tolipov Farkhod image
City : Tashkent
Affiliation : Director, Bylim Karvoni Nongovernental Research and Training Center
Biography :

An independent political scientist (Tashkent, Uzbekistan). Passed an intern at the NATO Defense College (Rome, 1997), Harvard University (USA, 1999), taught at the University of Georgia (USA, 2004). Lectured at the Centre named after J. Marshall (Germany, 2004-2005.), Geneva Center for Security Policy (Switzerland, 2007). In the period 1998-2002, worked in the Office of the President of Uzbekistan. He has published over 70 scientific articles and monographs. The author of the monograph "Grand Strategy of Uzbekistan in terms of geopolitical and ideological transformation of Central Asia", co-author of the monograph "Central Asia: geo-economics, geopolitics and security." Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal Central Asia and Caucasus, member of the Editorial Board China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly (USA), a member of the Central Eurasian Studies Society. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2010.

Toloraya Georgy D. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Executive Director, Russian National Committee on BRICS Research
Biography :

Doctor of Economics, Professor. Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Graduated from Moscow State University of Foreign Affairs in 1978. In 1978-1980 and 1984-1987 was a member of USSR trade promotion office in North Korea. In 1980-1990 was a  junior research associate and research associate of the Institute of Economy of World Socialist System of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Taught in Moscow State University of Foreign Affairs since 1981. In 1990-1991 was an Executive Secretary of the USSR Chamber of Commerce and IndustryUSSR-South Korean Economic Copperation Council in 1990-1991. In 1991-1993 was a Korean Department Manager in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in 1993-1998 Minister-Counsellor of the RF Embassy in the Republic of Korea, in 1998-2003 Deputy Director of 1st AsianDepartment of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in 2003-2007 RF Council-General inSidney, in 2007-2008 Invited Research Fellow of the Brukings Institute, Washington. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2013.

Torkunov Anatoly image
Affiliation : Rector of Moscow's State Institute of International Relations
Biography :

Anatoly Torkunov was born in Russia in 1950. He holds an MA and two doctoral degrees in Political Science from MGIMO-University. Since 1974, he has taught at MGIMO as Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor at the Department of Oriental Studies and Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy of Russia. In 2003, he was elected Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and in 2008 he became Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1974–1977, he served as assistant to Rector of MGIMO. In 1977–83, he was Dean and Vice-Rector for External Relations, in 1986–92 — Dean of the School of International Relations, First Vice-Rector and Head of the Department of Oriental Studies. Since 1992, he has served as Rector of MGIMO-University. In 1971–72 and 1983–86, Anatoly Torkunov served at Soviet Embassies in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the United States of America. He has the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.

Tóth, Tibor image
Affiliation : Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO).
Biography :


Graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO). Served as Permanent Representative of Hungary to the UN and other international organizations in Geneva and the Conference on Disarmament since 2003, a position he had also held from 1990 to 1993. In the years from 2001 to 2003, he was Ambassador-at-Large for Nonproliferation and Critical Technologies with the Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1997 to 2001, he was the Permanent Representative of Hungary to the UN and other international organizations in Vienna. From 1997 to 2001 he served as Governor on the Board of Governors of the IAEA. He participated in all follow-up conferences of the Biological Weapons Convention and in the NPT Review Conferences in 1980, 1985, 1990 and 2005. From 1982 to 1992 he took part in the negotiations of the Chemical Weapons Convention and played a crucial role in the Preparatory Commission for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons from 1993 to 1997. Since the establishment of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO in November 1996 and through 2004, he was the Chairperson of Working Group A, the subsidiary body of the Commission responsible for budgetary and administrative matters.






Trenin, Dmitry V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Director, Carnegie Moscow Center
Biography :

Candidate of Historical Sciences. He retired from the Russian Army in 1993. From 1993-1997, Trenin held posts as a Senior Research Fellow at the NATO Defense College in Rome and a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Europe in Moscow. He served in the Soviet and Russian armed forces from 1972 to 1993, including experience working as a liaison officer in the External Relations Branch of the Group of Soviet Forces (stationed in Potsdam) and as a staff member of the delegation to the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms talks in Geneva from 1985 to 1991. He also taught at the war studies department of the Military Institute from 1986 to 1993. Dmitry Trenin received his Ph.D. from the Institute of the USA and Canada in 1984. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2002.

Trubnikov, Vyacheslav I. (1944-2022) image
Affiliation : Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Executive Board member, Honorary Member of the Trialogue Club International
Biography :

General of the Army, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Hero of the Russian Federation. In 1967 graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations with the Diploma of referent for Eastern countries. Since 1973 Member of the Russian Union of Journalists. Director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service in 1996-2000. First Deputy of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in CIS countries in 2000-2004. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to India in 2004-2009. PIR Center Executive Board member since 2014 and Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012.

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