Articles

In an Vladimir Orlov's interview, director of PIR Center, with Jorge Ferrer, a journalist of the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, the issues of the risks of using nuclear weapons against the background of the Ukrainian conflict are touched upon. We also talked about how the Chekhov rifle differs from nu...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Professor Mustafa Kibaroglu, Ph.D in International Relations, Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences at the MEF University in Istanbul, a PIR Center Advisory Board member. We discussed the possibility of exporting U.S. nuclear tec...

Interview with Evgeny Buzhinskiy, a retired Russian lieutenant-general, Ph.D. Military Sciences, chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center, about the first successful test of the new intercontinental ballistic missile RS-28 Sarmat on April 20 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

 

Yesterday Russia tes...

Interview with Evgeny Buzhinskiy, a retired Russian lieutenant-general, Ph.D. Military Sciences, chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center, about the first combat use by Russia of the Kinzhal hypersonic missile at the ammunition depot of the Ukrainian army in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast.

 

For what ...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Nikolay Spassky, Deputy General Director-Director of the International Activities Unit of the state Corporation Rosatom. We discussed aspects of Russian-Iranian cooperation in the framework of the JCPOA negotiations, as well as the prospects and priorities of ...

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Security Index Editorial Board

Brilev, Sergei B. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Rossiya TV Channel
Position : Deputy Director
Biography :

Well-known journalist, and analyst. Has interviewed high-ranking government officials, politicians, and prominent public figures, including the Russian President Vladimir Putin, U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair, and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev. His professional accomplishments have been celebrated by many awards. Winner of the TEFI-2001 national television prize as the best TV news journalist and winner of the Best Pen in Russia prize (2002). An active member of London's Foreign Press Association. Since 2004, member of the Russian Television Academy.

Dvorkin, Vladimir Z. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Professor, Major General (retired), Chief Research Associate, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
Biography :

Professor. Major General (Ret.), Doctor of Technical Sciences, a top military expert, General Dvorkin was one of the main authors of the Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces and Strategic Missile Forces policy documents. He participated as an expert in the preparation of the SALT II, INF, START I, and START II treaties for many years, and made a noticeable contribution to the formation of the Soviet and Russian position at the negotiations on the limitation and reduction of strategic weapons. He participated in the testing of the first Soviet nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines and the first submerged launches of ballistic missiles. He is an active member of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, the Academy of Military Sciences, the Russian Engineering Academy, the International Engineering Academy, and the Academy of Cosmonautics. He is the author of more than 350 academic papers and numerous articles. His academic interests include missile dismantlement issues, combating terrorism, and nuclear safety and security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2003.

Evstafiev, Dmitry G. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Department of Integrated Communications, The Higher School of Economics
Position : Professor
Biography :

Doctor of Political Science. Prof., National Research University - Higher School of Economics, earlier - vice president of KROS Public Relations Development Company. Leading expert on the military and political facets of Russian national security, U.S. foreign and military policy, and regional aspects of nuclear nonproliferation. In 2001-2008 worked as Director of the Techsnabexport (TENEX) Public Relations Department and Deputy Director General of the National Laboratory for Foreign Policy. An experienced editor, he is a co-author of several books and monographs, and an author of several articles as well as publications in Russian and foreign academic and political press. In 1995-2003 he was a PIR Center senior research associate. PIR Center Security Index Editorial Board Member. 12/17

Lata, Vasily F. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : PIR Center Consultant, Security Index Editorial Board Member
Expertise :
START Treaty
Missile Defense
Military Use of the Outer Space
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (ret.), Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor. Dr. Lata has worked in the Soviet/Russian Defense Ministry's agencies for over 35 years, including as the deputy chief of the Defense Ministry's Military Policy Administration in 1992-1994. After that, chief of operations, deputy chief of the Strategic Missile Forces Supreme Staff. Full member of the Academy of Military Sciences. Senior Research Fellow at the Academy of Strategic Missile Forces. Professor of the Missile Forces and Artillery Department, Military Academy of the General Staff. 06/17

Maslin, Evgeny P. (1937–2022) image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center Executive Board member, Consultant ANO ASPECT-CONVERSION
Biography :

Colonel General (Ret.), one of the founders of Russia's programs for international cooperation in the dismantlement of surplus armaments, an accomplishment recognized by the award of several government honors, including the Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Fatherland, and many medals. A leading expert on nuclear security, nuclear weapons reductions, and verification mechanisms. Laureate of the Russian State Prize. Worked in USSR/Russian Ministry of Defense organizations for more than 40 years, including from 1992-1997 as head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions. Author of many publications in Russian and English, including articles on nuclear security, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, and nuclear nonproliferation. He was awarded the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Courage.

He was born on May 20, 1937, in the village of Novotomnikovo, Morshansky district, Tambov region. He graduated from an elementary four-grade school in Voronezh, a seven-year school, and a secondary school in 1954.

Evgeny Petrovich had served in the Soviet Army since 1954. Graduated from the Military Academy of Communications named after S. M. Budyonny (Leningrad) in 1959. Since 1959, he served in the units of the 12th Main Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense (responsible for the operation, storage, maintenance, transportation and disposal of nuclear ammunition): military engineer, head of the group, head of the department, since 1979 - chief engineer of the compound (Vologda region), since 1981 - commander of the compound (Vologda). Graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 1993.

Since April 1989 - First Deputy Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Since July 16, 1992 - Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The period of service in these leadership positions fell at the time of the collapse of the USSR. General Maslin ensured the export of nuclear ammunition and top-secret equipment to Russia, first from the countries of Eastern Europe, and then from the former Soviet Union republics that became independent states. An active participant in negotiations with the United States on security, arms reduction and mutual control of nuclear weapons.

Since 1997, Evgeny Petrovich has retired. However, he continued to be active, was a major expert in the field of nuclear weapons safety and in matters of their safe disposal. Author of a large number of publications on these issues. Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.

Evgeny Petrovich's acquaintance with the PIR Center was curious — it was not Maslin who found PIR Center, but PIR Center in the person of the director, Vladimir Orlov, found Evgeny Petrovich: "I wasn't going to work at all after a very hard service and just enjoyed the rest. He called me, and we walked around Petrovsky Park for a long time, in general, he charmed me. That's how I ended up at PIR Center. General Maslin worked as a senior advisor to PIR Center, then as a PIR Center Executive Board member. He remained a member of the Board - the highest body of our organization - until the last day of his life.

In 2002, U.S. Senators Sam Nunn and Richard Lugar awarded him the Medal for Services in the field of WMD proliferation threat reduction and contribution to the development of the Joint Threat Reduction Program (Nunn-Lugar Program). 

Thanks to his experience, Colonel General Maslin had always played an important role in improving the effectiveness of the physical protection of the nuclear arsenal of the Russian Federation. Evgeny Petrovich was also actively engaged in teaching, giving lectures and reports to students, young specialists, military and diplomats in Moscow, Geneva, Washington, etc.

He was also actively engaged in public activities: a member of the Boards of the Club of Business People, a member of the Board of the Vologda Community, president of the H. S. Ledentsov Rodnik Foundation.

In April of 2017, Evgeny Maslin gave a speech during the debates “Will the world be safer without nuclear weapons?”, which were part of the seventeenth International School on global security, organized by PIR Center. After having heard both debating sides, Colonel General Maslin shared his own view: “Will the world be more secure without nuclear weapons? First, we need to understand what is “safer”, and what is “world”. For example, in the case of the nuclear war, will the penguins in Antarctica suffer? Of course, they will. Therefore, if we think of the world in terms of the whole planet, then it is high time for humankind to stop threatening each other (with nuclear weapons as well) and start dealing with universal problems. However, in the current situation the world would not be any safer, this is my deepest conviction”.

Evgeny Maslin commented his speeches in the following way: “Whenever I give a presentation on some conferences, I always start with the following: “Dear Ladies and Gentlemen! I would like to say, that first of all am a practitioner. So, I apologize for the fact that my expressions or my views would be slightly different from the generally accepted in the scientific world. Because everything about the nuclear security I know not from the books, but from my own experience”. In his interaction with young specialists at the School Colonel General Maslin also drew on his rich practical experience, which is simply priceless for the new generation of experts.

Evgeny Maslin also participated in the round table “What kind of world does Russia need, and what kind of Russia does the world need?”. His views on the issue Colonel General Maslin expressed in the following way: “Patriotism — is not so much praising and admiration of one’s Motherland, but rather an aspiration to make it better, not so many right words and considerations, but rather right deeds. Right actions of everyone on one’s own place. To raise the children as decent people, give them education, prepare for the responsible life — that is patriotism”.

In an interview in 2014, "The meaning of life is to live" (in Russian) Evgeny Maslin told PIR Center about himself and his life, advised how a senior lieutenant should cope with the post of lieutenant colonel, shared how knowledge of Kipling and Yevtushenko helps in negotiations with the Americans and explained whether it is worth shooting down asteroids with nuclear charges.

The last text prepared by Evgeny Petrovich was an understanding of the Russian-American dialogue on nuclear nonproliferation, which he made at the request of PIR Center: "If young people on both sides of the Bering Strait are thinking about how we can straighten Russian-American relations, not everything is lost," he writes. This text in Russian and English is being published today for the first time, and the book where it is published still smells of printing ink.

To preserve the memory of Evgeny Petrovich Maslin and to honor the talented statesman, PIR Center placed on its website a Colonel General Evgeny P. Maslin Memory Gallery.

Mursaliev, Azer A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Editor-in-Chief of the Kommersant Publishing House, Security Index Editorial Board Member
Biography :

Renowned journalist, columnist, and analyst. Author of vivid, profound articles on contemporary political topics. One of the leading specialists in the sphere of energy security. Has already worked for Kommersant publications for about ten years, forming policy on the coverage of international affairs for one of the most authoritative and influential publications in Russia – the newspaper Kommersant. In 2005-2008 worked as the Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Kommersant newspaper.

Polikanov, Dmitry V. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Rossotrudnichestvo
Position : Deputy Head
Expertise :
Russia-NATO relations
Missile Defense
Foreign policy of the Russian Federation
Biography :

PhD in Political Sciences. In 1998 graduate with merit from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Holds the title of Associate Professor from the Russian Academy of Sciences and the title of Full Professor of the World Distributed University of the European Informatization Academy. Since 1998, occupied different positions in PIR Center, in 2008-2014 - Vice-President of PIR Center, till 2021 was a member of PIR Center Executive Board. In 2003-2006 - Director of International and Public Relations of the All-Russan Public Opinion Research Center. In 2006-2007 - Director of Market Research and Public Opinion in The PBN Company. In 2012-2013 - First Deputy Executive Director of the Russian Geographical Society. Author of over 100 publications on conflict management, peacekeeping, arms control, international relations and foreign policy (in Russian and foreign languages). In 2014-2020 - President of the deaf-blind support Foundation “Connection”. Since 2019 - in leadership positions in the All-Russia People's Front Executive Committee. Since February 17, 2021 Dmitry Polikanov has been appointed as a Deputy Head of Rossotrudnichestvo.  The author of more than 100 publications on international and European security, Russian foreign and domestic policy. Member of the Editorial Board of Security Index Journal.

Ryabkov, Sergey A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. In 1982, graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Served at several positions both at the central office of the Russian Foreign Ministry and abroad. In 1995-1999, was the Head of the OSCE Unit of the Department of European Cooperation. In 1999 – 2002 – Senior Counsellor (political) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2002-2005, served as the Minister Counsellor (Deputy Chief of Mission) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2005-2008 – the Director of the Department of European Cooperation. Since 2008 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Security Index Journal Editorial Board member.

 

Spassky, Nikolai N. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Deputy Director General, Rosatom State Corporation for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Doctor of Political Science, Ph.D. in History. Born in 1961. After graduation from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1983 Nikolay Spassky worked in various diplomatic positions within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including Deputy and First Deputy Director, 1992-1994; Director of the North America Department from February 1994; Member of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Board from December 1995; Joint Russian Ambassador to Italy and San Marino, 1998-2004; Assistant Secretary to the Russian Security Council, 2004-2006. Nikolay Spassky holds the diplomatic rank of Plenipotentiary Ambassador, First Class. He is also the co-founder of the Centre russe d'études politiques. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009. Member of PIR Center Editorial Board.

Stepanova, Ekaterina A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Head of the Peace and Conflict Studies Unit
Biography :

Ph.D in Political Science, head of the Group on peace and conflict studies and leading research associate at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), RAS. Specializes on armed conflicts and conflict management research, terrorism, other types of collective violence, ideological extremism, political economy of conflicts, and network structures. In 2007-2009 was Leader of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Armed Conflicts and Conflict Management Project. Author of 180 scientific papers in ten languages, six monographs, including "Terrorism in Asymmetrical Conflict" (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008). Her book “The Role of Illicit Drug Business in the Political Economy of Conflicts and Terrorism” (Moscow, 2005) has won the medal for young scientists from the Russian Academy of Sciences. Serves on editorial boards of the following journals: "Global Governence", "Terrorism and Political Violence" (St Andrews Univesity, UK), "The International Journal on Conflict and Violence", "Security Index" (PIR Center), and "The road to peace and security". Gives lectures for the international programs at the European University in St. Petersburg (EUSP) and Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA). Member of the PIR Center Executive Board member, the Academic Council on the United Nations System, the Russian-American expert group on Afghan drug trafficking, and the expert and methodological group Global Peace Index. Personal web-page: http://www.estepanova.net/

Yakushev, Michael V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Executive Vice-President for Cooperation with Public Authorities, PJSC VimpelCom
Expertise :
International legal regulation in cybersecurity area
Information security
International aspects of Internet development
Internet identification
National and international cyber strategies
Biography :

Mikhail is an experienced attorney and specialist in the field of information security. He is the  PayPal IRM Director, earlier - vice president of the Mail.ru Group and previously served as president of the Coordination Center of the Russian Top-Level Domain (RU), DST Advisors Managing Director. Mikhail focuses on information rights issues, including access to information. He has co-authored the drafts of most of Russia's legislation on information technology. Previously, he was employed at Microsoft Russia, where he was responsible for the corporation's cooperation with governmental authorities in Russia and other CIS states. Mikhail represented the Russian Federation in the G8 working group on legal issues, and in 2004, he was a member of the working group on Internet governance established by the U.N. Secretary-General. Mikhail served as the Chair of PIR Center's Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance under the Center's Advisory Board in 2012-2014. 

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