The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with the report "Through Equality and Consensus to Lasting Global Security" by Sergey Ryabkov

23.10.2020

MOSCOW. OCTOBER 23, 2020. PIR PRESS. The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with the report "Through Equality and Consensus to Lasting Global Security" by Sergey Ryabkov

The international relations system has been in the process of transformation since the early 1990-s. The unfulfilled unipolar project, which was being constructed by the USA, is transforming into a more just multipolar world order, which the future of world development belongs to. At the same time one can observe some countries pursue their foreign policies through strength, see the ideologization and militarization of international relations. The United States purposefully destroys the arms control system, develops the global missile defense system, withdrew from the INF Treaty, the Open Skies Treaty, does not agree to extent the New START. In these conditions the Russian Federation`s actions are aimed at deterrence at renewing strategic stability. In the current environment the work in the field of international security and arms control should be predicated on the principles of consensus, equal rights, and take into account the interests of the parties involved without attempts of pressure and coercion. For Russia interaction in this field is one of the methods of ensuring national security rather than a goal in itself.

Key findings:

  • We see the United States deliberately destroying the arms control system legal foundations, which de facto implies renouncing agreed rules of international interaction in this area and the founding principles of mutual respect for interests and their balance. That fuels the climate of mistrust, reduces the predictability in the nuclear-missile domain.
  • The development of novel Russian weapons systems was a forced, yet a logical response to the actions of the USA and its allies, aimed at upholding deterrence and restoring the strategic balance rather than at achieving military superiority.
  • Practically immediately after the collapse of the INF Treaty the United States proceeded to test the previously prohibited weapons systems, which is indicative of the high degree of preparedness for such actions.
  • An unconditional extension of the New START Treaty would allow to avoid a full collapse of the limits and control mechanisms in the nuclear-missile domain, preserve the remnants of predictability in the strategic relations between the two countries and win time for discussing the manner in which to construct arms control in the new environment.
  • It is necessary to conclude a legally-binding agreement with the participation of all states with significant outer space activities robustly safeguarding against arms placement in outer space based on the Russian-Chinese draft Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, the Threat or Use of Force against Outer Space Objects.
  • The Russian Federation takes steps to reduce and limit nuclear weapons, lowers the role and place of nuclear weapons in its doctrinal documents, while the reverse tendency is observed in other countries.
  • The attempts to divide arms control into good and bad, the one looking into the future and the obsolete one are an attempt to masquerade the fragility of the stances and provide propaganda cover for destabilizing actions in this area.
  • Exchanges in the area of strategic stability and arms control is one of the methods of ensuring national security rather than a goal in itself.

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