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20 years ago, the whole world was shocked by horrifying footage from the United States: suicide bombers from Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia) sent two hijacked airliners to the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York, the third plane-to the Pentagon building, located near Washington, and the fourth hijacked airliner fell into a field in Pennsylvania. As a result of these four coordinated terrorist attacks, about three thousand people were killed. The terrorist attack was the largest in terms of the number of victims in history, dividing the history of the United States and world history into "before" and "after".


“In the current highly politicized climate, the initiative for the International Convention on the Suppression of Acts of Chemical and Biological Terrorism may have a higher chance of succeeding if it transitions away from the usage of terrorist for non-state actor. Not only will it streamline the international legal framework by limiting the terminology to state and non-state actor, it will circumvent the necessity to provide a definition for terrorism”, –  Alicia Rorabaugh, PIR Center’s intern and student of the Dual Degree Master Program in Nonproliferation Studies


“In order to come up with possible solutions and avoid further dragging of the Treaty, our Board at its summer session gave high priority to the NPT review process and its prospects for 2016-2020. We agreed that both failure to adopt a final document in 2015, and the absence of substantive discussions on many of the key nonproliferation issues at the conference are causes for concern.  The states made their official statements, presented their positions, and then the frenetic backstage work started: some tried to collect the puzzle named Final Document, some pushed their own egoistic interests.  But there were few attempts to build a dialogue on the most complicated questions, mend the differences, come up with a diagnose and start the treatment”, – Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Head, Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry; Founder & Special Advisor, PIR Center. 


In the course of the sixty-sixth session of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon held a working lunch with the members of the Advisory Board. Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, member of the Board, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Founder & Special Advisor to PIR Center, took part in the meeting.


In the new issue of the Security Index: Lassina Zerbo, the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO on DPRK nuclear testing and the future of the CTBTO, PIR Center’s recommendations for strengthening the international nuclear non-proliferation regime with comments by Sergio Duarte, High Representative of the UN Secretary General for Disarmament Affairs (2007-2012), Vadim Kozyulin on autonomous combat systems, Andrey Shkarbanov and Konstantin Stalmakhov on civil liability for nuclear damage, Kamal Gasimov on conflicts and squabbles within Syrian opposition, round table discussion on high-tech crime co-sponsored by CCI and PIR Center, Olga Mikhailova on cyber security of NPPs and critical infrastructure, Alyona Makhukova on Humanitarian initiative and the NPT review process.


"Fears of those who believe that the end of the Syrian conflict will lead to a civil war between the opposition groups are far from being groundless", — Kamal Gasimov, expert at the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.



"During the last two and a half months our initiative has received further development. I think, the reaction to our proposals is rather good by the Conference on disarmament standards. More than a dozen countries, including very influential ones, have supported us. The vast majority says that the initiative is interesting and there is a feeling that if we ensure consensus, these countries join it with enthusiasm," – said Mikhail Ulyanov, Director of the Department for Nonproliferation and Arms control, the Russian Foreign Ministry.


Мостовюк Михаил Анатольевич image“For the ‘Islamic State’, maintaining stable sources of income is of key importance. As the measures of the international community against IS become more coordinated, the militants are forced to seek out new sources of income or adjust their old strategies to changed circumstances. This is reflected, for example, in illegal organ and tissue trafficking, cotton smuggling, or the mass confiscation of funds of the population. In order to ensure the financial stability of their terrorist organization, the IS leaders have established a reserve fund of $2.3 billion” – Mikhail Mostovyuk, expert on emerging threats and challenges. 


“In Syria, we have witnessed the attempts of at least two new centers of power – Turkey and Saudi Arabia – to pursue their geopolitical goals by means of force. Subsequently, Iran too began to display its geopolitical ambitions in the Syrian theater. The activation of power centers constitutes a phenomenon that by far extends the field of the broader Middle East.  Other countries – taking into account, of course, their actual capabilities and the conditions under which they operate – pursue a similar policy, such as Poland, India, Brazil and Iran. In the near future, assuming a stabilization of the economic situation, Indonesia and Egypt will also begin to pursue such a policy,” – Dmitry Efstafyev, member of the PIR Center Executive Board.


“If regional and global players are coming to some kind of agreement, it can be possible to stop the bloodshed in Syria. We already witness some success in organizing local ceasefires. I believe that the peace negotiations will start in 2016, but I doubt they are going to start with a national ceasefire. We know situations in history when peace negotiations were conducted against the backdrop of an ongoing conflict” – Dr. Vitaly Naumkin, President, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.