The UN imposed an embargo on Iranian oil
The commissioning of USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear-powered submarine.



Is our gender so important for professional development in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament and can it become an obstacle in the 21st century? The goal of this research paper is to study the role of Russian women in the field of nonproliferation, disarmament and global security, the specifics of their situation and the main problems they face in their professional path. The author examines in detail the career path of Russian women in these areas, using the results of exclusive interviews and confidential surveys.


The year 2022 has started with a full of events: a diplomatic marathon took place in the framework of Russia-USA and Russia-NATO. Increasingly, there are allegations in Western countries about a possible Russian invasion of Ukraine. In response to this, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov notes: "The number of scenarios of actions developed by the United States in the event of an alleged possible "invasion" of the Russian Federation into Ukraine raises suggestions that the special services, intelligence and the Foreign Ministry of the States have announced a competition for their creation."


On January 17, 2022, North Korea conducted a new missile test, the fourth since the beginning of the year. Media, citing the Japan Coast Guard, report that the DPRK allegedly launched two short-range ballistic missiles towards the Eastern Sea. According to the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff, the launch took place near Sunan International Airport (Pyongyang).

The P5 process 2021-2022


PIR Center launched a special project to study the activities of "the P5 process" countries in 2021-2022. Within the framework of this project, we are interviewing various experts from the representatives of "the P5 process" to better understand the position of these countries in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and the possible results of the future 10th NPT Review Conference.



The Russian side is represented by Andrey Baklitskiy, a specialist in arms control, nuclear nonproliferation and international security, consultant at PIR Center.

Read the interview (in Russian).


The French side is represented by Emmanuelle Maitre, Research Fellow at the Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (France).

Read the interview.





The Chinese side is represented by Tong Zhao, Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Read the interview.


The British side is represented by Emily Enright, Policy Fellow and Emerging Voices Network Coordinator of the British American Security Information Council (BASIC).

Read the interview.


The American side is represented by Jamie Kwong, the Stanton Pre-Doctoral Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Read the interview.