The Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material of 1980 comes into force for France.
Soviet SSBN K-219 with 16 ballistic missiles on board suffers an accident in the Northern Atlantic. Four crewmen die.
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission starts studying the peaceful uses of atomic energy.



«I have never had any role models. Journalism is a craft; it is the knowledge of the subject you are going to write about. You have to have some background. Journalism is also about the ability to reach people. When I was still an officer, I was fortunate enough to visit military enterprises with my father and there I got to know their general directors. When I went to the military academy, we were taught naval tactics, we studied ship weapons systems, but it was all about iron. It was immaterial. But when I started communicating with constructors, that iron suddenly came alive to me. Once I approached the officer on the ship, I straightaway began telling the combat commander what kind of missile was in service on the ship, what it was capable of, and what it consisted of. It opened a lot of doors because even the officers were not always aware of the whole range of problems and characteristics which are inherent to this or that technical item. On balance, we ended up with an interesting conversation, which revealed a host of interesting details», — Dmitry Litovkin, a military journalist, editor-in-chief of the Independent Military Review ("Nezavisimoye Voyennoye Obozreniye").


PIR Center continues a section "PIR Test". This project in the form of a game carries equally educational, research and analytical meaning. Users are given the opportunity to take the test - to answer one of the designated questions. Our today's PIR Test is about the Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction.


65 years ago, on October 4, 1957, the first artificial satellite, Sputnik-1, was launched into Earth's orbit under the code name PS-1. This event has a great influence. The launch of the first satellite marked the beginning of space exploration.


The authoritative publishing house Palgrave Macmillan (part of the Springer publishing group) releases the 2nd edition of the monograph Russian–American Nuclear Nonproliferation Dialogue: Lessons Learned and Road Ahead. The book was prepared by a team of 13 young and experienced researchers, edited by PIR Center Founder and Director Vladimir Orlov and PIR Center Research Fellow Sergey Semenov. It is also supplied with prefaces from William Potter, director of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), and Anatoly Torkunov, Rector of MGIMO of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Participants feedback

"Considering the scientific and educational component of the program the purpose is undoubtedly achieved! Many thanks to PIR Center for bringing us together with such great lecturers", – Nazira Abdykaimova, MA Student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

"It is very good and well-organized program in a great location – I would like to thank the PIR Center leadership and the organizers of the Summer School # 13. As a member of the Foreign Ministry, I believe that the knowledge acquired during training at the Summer School will be extremely useful in my career", – Atageldi Annayev, First Secretary, Department of American countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan

"The School program is very rich! It provides good opportunity to get acquainted with the ideas of unique thinkers and to meet them personally. I plan to use this knowledge in my journalistic work", – Artem Bagiev, International Journalist, Moscow, Russia

“Great topics for lectures and seminars, very high level of experts. The organizers succeeded in creating all necessary conditions for work and study. The topics of lectures and seminars were relevant, scientific and educational component of the program can be evaluated as ‘excellent’. I also want to mention a well-organized informational support and good selection of participants, each of whom was a professional in his field", – Serik Dauletov, Research Fellow, Institute of Statehood, Security and Development Issues “Nazarbayev Center”, Astana, Kazakhstan

“Summer School of PIR Center is one-of-a-kind. I have not seen similar programs before, with participation of such competent professionals, as well as active and former government officials of the highest level. I enjoyed the atmosphere as we could communicate freely with other participants as well as with lecturers", – Vadim Demidov, Intern, Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus

"Scientific and educational component of the program of the Summer School was prepared very thoroughly and the School atmosphere was very warm and friendly. Each and every speaker is an undisputed expert in his field. I also admire the individual approach to the participants. The excursions, organized for us, were fascinating, and in particular I enjoyed our visit to Abramtsevo museum and to the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius", – Assel Dyussembayeva, Chief Expert, Information Support Department, Atomic Energy Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana, Kazakhstan

"I would like to point out that the fact that Summer School took place in such a beautiful place as Abramtsevo had the most favorable impact on the educational process. Summer School perfectly combined leisure with study. All lecturers were excellent specialists; preparation and organization of the program were at the highest level! According to the results of the educational program I had broadened my knowledge on various disciplines associated with international relations and international law. It will be very useful for me as I am “classical” orientalist", – Kamal Gasimov, Expert, Center for Strategic Studies under the President of Azerbaijan Republic, Baku, Azerbaijan

"The knowledge gained at the Summer School will help me deepen my scientific and working skills. Research and education component of the program of the Summer School was above my highest expectations. I want to mention the high level of experts and well-prepared administrative part of the school”, – Semen Kukol, Research Fellow, Center for Near Abroad Research, Russian Institute for Strategic Studies, Moscow, Russia

"Summer School of PIR Center provides a unique opportunity to meet Russian experts on all the key issues of international security. I was absolutely amazed with how many well-known and professional experts and politicians found time to meet and talk with us. I do not think that any other Summer School would give me an opportunity to drink tea with the Deputy Defence Minister and ask him questions about the Russian security in amicable atmosphere in the hall for the formal negotiations of the Ministry of Defence! I also cannot imagine other school to gather numerous active and former government officials, such as Evgeny Buzhinsky, Yuri Baluyevsky and Sergey Ryabkov, to spend hours discussing various questions with us. Right now I am writing a book on missile defence and I plan to use the knowledge acquired during my Summer School training to strengthen my arguments. In general, the acquired contacts, the level of discussion, the intensity of the communication and the organization of free time can be assessed as "excellent". Good job, PIR Center!" – Bilyana Lilly, External Expert, Oxford Analytica, Sofia, Bulgaria

"Summer School of PIR Center provides knowledge, not methods. The organizational work is done at the highest level. Scientific and educational component is at the highest level as well, the staff of lecturers was wonderful", – Alyona Makhukova, Alumni, National Research Nuclear University, Moscow, Russia

‘’I will definitely use the knowledge gained at the Summer School in my work. I would like to stress a very high level of the invited speakers and well-organized program of informational support. The key distinctions of the Summer School for me were high demands to the participant’s level and tests, which were created to evaluate the learning progress of the students. I think that the employees of Foreign Ministry of the Czech Republic will be eager to visit the school next year", – Jiří Preclík, Civil Servant, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic

"All the elements of the program of the Summer School were perfected up to the smallest detail. The variety of programs was really impressive. I would like to highlight the admirable level of invited guests and speakers. Work on the foresight was very interesting for me, particularly the processing of results and preparing the executive summary. Modeling of different scenarios also passed in a very exciting manner. In general, we have been busy every minute of the Summer School and we really enjoyed it", – Maria Roskoshnaya, Senior Specialist, Department of Nuclear Physics, Office of Export Control Federal Service for Technical and Export Control Moscow, Russia

"The organizers succeeded to reach the optimal composition of the Summer School; to get a good balance between theorists and practitioners. The program was prepared and organized on a highest level. I would like to thank you very much for this Summer School! You are genuine professionals and great people", – Andrey Shadursky, Chief Instructor, Department of European Studies, Faculty of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

"The main distinguishing features of the Summer School 2013 were: a high level of intensity of the educational program; informative lectures, really deep analytical studies of the empirical material, appropriate (with very few exceptions) selection of the lecturers and experts. By the way, it would be useful to extend the time for discussion after the presentations of lecturers. Such formats, as foresight and scenario modeling added a necessary variety to traditional education elements (lectures, seminars, round tables). They also opened a possibility to use knowledge acquired during the process of preparation to the School and to get a feedback from experts in the field. My only recommendation is to optimize the process of foresight with usage of electronic devices and applications, "– Natalia Shapiro, Chief Instructor, Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Global Politics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

"The school program is well-combined; topics of the lectures as well as the seminars and round tables are relevant and up-to-date. In my opinion, the debates were the most useful part of the educational process, involving everyone and giving opportunity to present each opinion. I would like to express genuine gratitude to the organizers of the Summer School on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan. In future in would be great to organize the participation of employees from the Government Staff of Tajikistan and the Presidential Administration of Tajikistan, students and alumni of Tajik National University and Tajik Technical University", –  Jamshed Sharipov, Attaché, Office of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

“This Summer School was notable for good participant’s preparation, very representative speakers list and the variety of covered topics. Evaluating  the program, I would like to say, that the energy policy should be covered. I would have also added some lecturers from CIS states”, – Olga Skorokhodova, Visiting PhD student, Fox's Center for International and Regional Studies, Yale University, New-Haven, the United States of America

"I am glad to note an utterly high quality of the event in terms of organization, invited participants, the speakers, the content of the School. I plan to use the knowledge which I got from School in my academic and practical work," – Julia Sveshnikova, PhD Student, Chair of World Politics, National Research University – Higher School of Economics; MA Student, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC, Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia), Moscow, Russia

"The main distinction of the PIR Center Summer School is that it is more of a platform for the discussion of topical issues in the field of security with a very well-organized educational component. The most productive and interesting part for me were the debates" – Meder Utebaev, Inspector, Foreign Policy Department, the Kyrgyz Republic President Administration, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

"I'm sure that the organization of the PIR Center Summer School deserves the highest rating. Scientific and educational component are fully reasonable and well-balanced. The format of the Summer School is excellent and seeking to expand the horizons of knowledge and scientific interests of all the participants " – Daria Volodkina, Research Fellow, Institute of Strategic Stability, State Corporation “Rosatom” Moscow, Russia

"The school is well-organized, possesses a high quality informational, methodological and analytical background. The agenda answers all demands of the modern world. The discussion at the debates taught us that you can find counterarguments even for the engrained opinion. Foresight provided us an opportunity to practice the forecasting. I would like to highlight the level of the speakers, a variety of lectures and seminars, as well as professionalism of organizers", – Volodymir Yatsiv, Third Secretary, Secretariat of the Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

"It was so interesting for me that the time flew by quickly and I did not felt tired even for a moment. The number of activities was optimal, their diversity was impressive. There is nothing to change in the content of the program, as it is perfectly prepared and meets the highest standards and demands and exceeds all expectations. The highest level of lecturers, their effort and approach to the process, honesty, sincerity and willingness to enter an open dialogue with the audience was impressive. We were pleased with a large scale and range of views and attitudes of the lecturers, their openness, responsibility, respect for the audience and the seriousness of the classes. In general, everything was very professional, meaningful, interesting, entertaining, creative, capacious, rich and informative. It is obvious that the training was serious, and the organization of school was held at the top level " – Aiperi Zhamshitova, Expert, Department of International Cooperation, Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

"A distinctive feature of the school is its high interactivity. We participated in very interesting excursions; enjoyed the company of like-minded listeners. As for the proposals - I would like to see more MFA representatives. In general, everything was done professionally with attention to every detail" – Viktor Zimin, Referent Secretary, Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Azerbaijan, Russia