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Issue: №9 (24)

This occasional paper analyzes the prospects for the enlargement of BRICS in terms of prospects for strengthening the position of the association in addressing global security issues. The potential of Argentina, Mexico, Turkey, Iran, Egypt, and Indonesia that may be considered for membership in BRICS is considered in detail in the field of international information security, the use of artificial intelligence, peaceful atom and cooperation in the development of outer space, as well as countering WMD-terrorism. The authors state that there is a dichotomy between the development of the potential of the association in its current composition and its quantitative expansion.

Key findings:

  • Based on the security agenda of the candidate countries, Egypt and Indonesia will fit most into the existing architecture of cooperation between the BRICS countries, since they have serious potential in countering cross-border security threats and will not burden the union with additional geopolitical problems.
  • Among the candidates, Iran, Indonesia and Turkey have the highest ratings in terms of the number of researchers and university professors in the field of AI, the number of scientific publications and the citation level.
  • From the point of view of international information security, Indonesia is the most promising candidate for joining the BRICS, since, unlike other countries, promising areas of cooperation have already been developed between Indonesia and Russia, which could set the vector of development
    within BRICS.
  • In the field of cooperation in space, Indonesia is of serious economic interest, primarily due to the geographical features of the country.
  • An analysis of the nuclear potential of the candidate countries shows that none of these countries will be able to bring a qualitatively new dynamic to the cooperation of the BRICS countries on the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
  • Argentina and Mexico are showing great activity in countering WMD terrorism.
  • Taking into account all the factors considered in this report, it was determined that Indonesia is the most suitable candidate to join the BRICS.
  • However, at the moment, the potential of the association in its current composition has not yet been exhausted. The advantages resulting from the expansion of the BRICS can also be achieved within the framework of other formats of interaction with partners.



Security Index Occasional Paper Series presents reports, analytical articles, comments and interviews that reflect the positions of Russian and foreign experts on the current challenges of global security and Russian policy in this sphere. The newsletter aims at providing clear analysis of global security problems and suggesting practical solutions. Security Index Occasional Paper Series continues the Security Index journal published by PIR Center in 1994 – 2016. Authors and editors will be glad to receive comments, questions and suggestions on our e-mail address [email protected]