Chronology

Russia and India signed an international agreement on cooperation in the construction of 4 additional units at Kudankulam, as well as on the construction of nuclear power plants according to Russian projects on new sites in India
05.12.2008
The end of the strategic offensive arms reduction period under the Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START I Treaty)
05.12.2001
The Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START I), transformed by the Lisbon Protocol of 1992 comes into force
05.12.1994
The adoption of Memoranda on Security Guarantees on the part of Russia, the U.S. and the UK. The memoranda are needed because of Ukraine, Byelorussia and Kazakhstan joining NPT.
05.12.1994
Ukraine joins the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear weapons state.
05.12.1994
A U.S. sea-borne aircraft with an atomic bomb onboard crashes 200 miles from Okinawa.
05.12.1965
The first world nuclear propelled surface ship, the icebreaker Lenin, is commissioned.
05.12.1957
France sets up an atomic bomb development committee within the Commissariat for Atomic Energy.
05.12.1956
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PIR PRESS NEWS

04.12.2020

"The development of nuclear energy in Saudi Arabia is a forward-looking and important task. The State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom” has every chance to become one of the KSA’s key partners in the development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy because it already has extensive experience in working with nuclear newcomer countries in difficult climatic conditions with lack of the necessary infrastructure", ‒ Inna Rodina, PIR Center intern. 

01.12.2020

“It is difficult for me to say how many pillars PIR Center is based on, but one of them is definitely the interns. Their hard work, intelligence, and creativity make a substantial contribution to our work», ‒ Sergey Semenov, Nuclear Nonproliferation & Russia Program Coordinator.

27.11.2020

International security is not a center of the world, but a reflection of profound processes that nowadays are characterized by a growing randomness and shrinking planning horizon. Confidence, privacy and confidentiality of diplomacy are deteriorating. Ensuring security requires not only technical, but also political decisions. Under such circumstances the aim of the Russian foreign policy is to find a balance between development and security amidst an incoming new wave of globalization. To secure its status of a great power, Russia needs to preserve its relevance among other players and play a role of additional element to the situation of unsteady equilibrium.

New Challenges to Nonprolifiration Regime

Course requirements:

Students will be required to attend not less than 90% of classes and to be prepared for class discussions. Conscientious reading of the assigned materials is compulsory. Students will also be required to participate in seminar discussions and to present written test.

Presentations (requirements):

1.1      Grading plan:

  •  Class participation – 25 %.
  •  Seminar presentation and activity – 25 %.
  •  Final test – 50 %.

TOPIC 1. INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR SAFETY AND SECURITY

November 21, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 1.1. Introduction to Nuclear Safety and Security

 

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Describe the definitions, common and different aspects for nuclear and radiation safety and security. Threats and risks. Seeking the synergy between safety and security. State’s responsibility for nuclear security regime. Competent national authorities for nuclear security and coordination.

Essential Readings

 

 

General Readings

Web resources

 

 

TOPIC 2. FROM PHYSICAL PROTECTION TO NUCLEAR SECURITY

November 21, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Lecture 2.1. From Physical Protection to Nuclear Security

Prof. Alexander Izmailov

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

  • Summary: Main principles and objectives of physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities, comprehensive approach to nuclear security: cyber security, nuclear security culture, etc. Russian experience.

Essential Readings

 

 

General Readings

 

 

Web resources

 

Topic 3. INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR NUCLEAR SECURITY

November 28, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 3.1. International Legal Framework for Nuclear Security

 

Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Overview of binding and non-binding legal documents dealing with nuclear security. CPPNM and its 2005 Amendment, entry into force and implementation. Recommendations INFCIRC 225/Rev.5: scope and implementation. IAEA Nuclear Security Series.

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

 

Web resources

 

November 28, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Seminar 3.2. International Legal Framework for Nuclear Security

  • Alexey Ubeev

Main questions of the seminar: Discussion on conventions, recommendations and other legal documents governing nuclear security on international and national levels. Short presentations of participants on the subject.

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

 

Web resources

 

Topic 4. NUCLEAR AND RADIOLOGICAL TERRORISM: THREATS AND RESPONSES

December 5, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 4.1. Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism: Threats and Responses

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Identification of threats, measures to protect, detect nuclear and other radioactive materials within or out of regulatory control during the use, storage and transport. Combat illicit trafficking. Response to malicious acts. Emergencies. International cooperation and initiatives to combat nuclear terrorism. UN SC Resolution 1540. Global Initiative to combat nuclear terrorism (GICNT).

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

  • William H. Tobey, Pavel S. Zolotarev. The Nuclear Terrorism Threat. Presentation, Meeting of the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit Sherpas, Thailand, 2014

 

Web resources

 

 

December 5, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Seminar 4.2. Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism: Threats and Responses

 

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Participants would make short presentations on the subject and with instructor discuss the issue. Practical exercise on threat assessment.

 

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

Web resources

 

Topic 5. NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMITS: LESSONS LEARNED

December 12, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 5.1. Nuclear Security Summits: Lessons Learned

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Background and actualities of Nuclear Security Summits. Moscow 1996 G8 Nuclear Safety and Security Summit. NS Summits 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016 - Brief comments on results. What’s next? Russian approach.

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

Web resources

Topic 6. IAEA'S SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM: NEW DIRECTIONS FOR 21ST CENTURY

December 12, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Lecture 6.1. IAEA's Safeguards System: New Directions for 21st Century

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Introduction to IAEA Safeguards system: background, approaches, types of SG agreements, verification technical measures and tools. Planning, conducting and evaluating safeguards activities. IAEA safeguards as an essential component of the international security system. How it serves for Nonproliferation goals. Optimizing IAEA Safeguards.

Essential Readings

 

  • Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol. IAEA INFCIRC 153 (corrected), INFCIRC 540 (corrected).

General Readings

 

Web resources

 

 

December 19, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Seminar 6.2. IAEA's Safeguards System: New Directions for 21st Century

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Discussion on different types of Safeguards Agreements: scopes and implementation. Short participant’s presentation on this matter.

Optimization of verification measures.

Essential Readings

  • Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol. IAEA INFCIRC 153 (corrected), INFCIRC 540 (corrected).

 

 

General Readings

 

Web resources

 

Final Test

 

Examples of questions

 

  1. 1.      What do the IAEA Safeguards serve for?

 

  1. Verification that nuclear facilities are not misused and nuclear material is not diverted from peaceful uses
  2. Guarantee of safe and secure use of nuclear energy
  3. Legal backing for new NPPs construction
  4. All of the above

 

  1. 2.      Nuclear security by the IAEA definition is:

 

  1. Prevention and detection of, and response to, theft, sabotage, unauthorized access, illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving nuclear material, other radioactive substances or their associated facilities
  2. Achievement of proper operating conditions, prevention of accidents and mitigation of accident consequences, resulting in protection of workers, the public and the environment from undue radiation hazards
  3. None of the above
  4. Both 1 and 2

 

 

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