North Korea announced the resumption of work on production of weapons-grade plutonium at a research center in Yongbyon
The Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Tlatelolco Treaty) comes into force for the first eleven state parties.
The explosion in Algeria of the French nuclear device, with incomplete fission cycle, to prevent it from falling into the hands of General M. Challe’s (former Commander-in-Chief in Algeria) mutineers who revolted against the French administration

International Security Index iSi




“Since there is no quick and easy solution to the situation around the DPRK, it is worth considering interim solutions. What could realistically be on the agenda for talks right now? Preventing unplanned military actions and minimal confidence building measures. This is the main problem today; nobody wants a war by error. In future, it would be wise to desist from the talks focused purely on the nuclear issue. It would not make sense to discuss North Korea’s nuclear issue without also looking at missile defense and the rising conventional potential of countries in the region, or without looking at the problems relating to uncertainty over diplomatic relations. And within any discussion it is vital that issues open to interim deals are identified,” – expert on the DPRK military capabilities, Vladimir Khrustalev.


"Interplanetary flight is such a complex, difficult and resource-intensive project that it is more rational to carry it out in a broad international cooperation, by integrating the experience and innovative technologies of different countries and distributing all associated risks more equally", - deputy CEO of Roskosmos corporation Sergei Saveliev.  


“The first risk we can identify in the region is the risk of a “war by mistake”. Constant military exercises, huge concentration of forces, regular accidents can lead to an armed conflict,” – expert on the DPRK military capabilities, Vladimir Khrustalev.

International Security Index iSi


What is iSi? - The International Security Index (iSi) is a comprehensive index of the level of international security developed by the PIR Center through a project that has been ongoing for over a year. The project is currently undergoing an international assessment. The iSi index is meant to demonstrate the extent to which the international security situation differs from the “ideal”  (assumed as 4210 points according to our methodology) at each point in time. It also indicates how various specific military and nonmilitary factors are effecting international security.

How is iSi calculated? - The most important characteristics of iSi are its comprehensiveness, robustness, and clarity. A great number of the factors that directly effect international security are reflected in iSi in a concentrated form. They include: the threat of global nuclear war, the number and intensity of local conflicts, the type of political relations between various countries and international organizations, the intensity and scale of terrorist activity, the stability of the global economy, and the threat posed by man-made catastrophes and epidemics. The aim of iSi is to provide quantitative indicators that reflect the dynamics of trends in international security. The iSi index is meant to demonstrate the extent to which the international security situation differs from the “ideal” at each point in time. It also indicates how various specific military and nonmilitary factors are affecting international security.  More details on iSi methodology is availabla here.

What is International expert group (INTEG) for? - The PIR Center's monthly calculation of iSi is accompanied by interviews with our International Expert Group, which includes representatives from Russia, Argentina, Brazil, China, France, Hungary, India, Saudi Arabia, Sweden the United States and Uzbekistan. The evaluations of these experts in no way influence the calculation of the Index. Nevertheless, they make it possible for us to see how our calculations are viewed in a given month and, in particular, the dynamics of iSi over the course of several months at a time, in various regions of the world.

Read full project description







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