International Security Index iSi

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PIR PRESS NEWS

03.04.2020

“In addition to obvious public health consequences, the epidemic of the novel coronavirus in Iran could affect the implementation of the IAEA safeguards agreements. In his article for the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Professor George M. Moore of the Middlebury Institute for International Studies at Monterey warns: Iranian authorities may restrict the access of IAEA inspectors to the country under the pretext of combating the spread of infection. Although the IAEA assures that the inspections at nuclear facilities in Iran are carried out in full, the risks, according to Moore, are extremely high. In the absence of convincing information from the sites themselves, the international community (primarily Israel and the United States) will proceed from the most pessimistic scenarios for the development of the Iranian nuclear program” - this is the leitmotiv of the 521st issue of Yaderny Control bulletin.

31.03.2020

On March 12, 2020, a workshop “50 Years after Ratification of the NPT by the Soviet Union and its Entry into Force: Lessons Learned and Prospects for Strengthening of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime” took place. The event was co-sponsored by the PIR Center and the Institute of Contemporary International Studies (ICIS) at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian MFA.

30.03.2020

The Anniversary XX PIR Center International School on Global Security 2020 extends applications deadline to April 13. The School will take place from 6 to 14 June in Zvenigorod, Moscow region.

iSi Methodology

iSi is determined in accordance with an original method developed by the PIR Center. It indicates the general level of the state of international security in the military, political, economic, and environmental spheres. It also takes into account the impact of nongovernmental actors (in particular, terrorist activity).

The most important characteristics of iSi are its comprehensiveness, robustness, and clarity. A great number of the factors that directly effect international security are reflected in iSi in a concentrated form. They include: the threat of global nuclear war, the number and intensity of local conflicts, the type of political relations between various countries and international organizations, the intensity and scale of terrorist activity, the stability of the global economy, and the threat posed by man-made catastrophes and epidemics.

The structure of iSi consists of two main parts. The first is the basic Index value. It is calculated on the basis of expert analyses of the probability of the occurrence of one or another global or regional event that would have a direct impact on international security. Each such event is given a certain score on the scale we have developed.

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In our calculations, total points increase as the probability of various events that might disrupt international security decreases, and, correspondingly, they decrease with an increase in the probability of such events. The total of the points for each factor is the iSi base value, a quantity calculated once per year. Each type of factor (military, political, economic, man-made catastrophe, and terrorist) has is “weighted” according to a scale of priorities and given an appropriate coefficient.  

The second part of iSi is calculated by evaluating actual events that have an influence on international security during a particular month. Each such event is assessed both according to its positive or negative influence on international security and according to its degree of influence (weak, moderate, or strong) according to the point scale we have developed. The degree of influence of each such factor is corrected depending on the country or region in which the event took place. In order to do this, we have developed a coefficient for the significance of particular regions (from 1 to 9). The number of positive points for each individual factor indicates the event's contribution to international security; negative marks indicate the negative influence of a particular factor.

The iSi Index, therefore, is calculated according to the following formula:

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Where

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= coefficient “weight” of global factors;

 

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= coefficient “weight” of regional factors;

 

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 = coefficient “weight” of local factors;

 

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 = coefficient indicating the importance of an individual region.

 

We have been calculating iSi on a monthly basis since July 2006. The increase or decrease in its absolute value indicates the trends in international security during the period in question, including both their direction and strength. The sum of all points provides the basic value of iSi, which shows how distant the global situation is at that moment from the “ideal”—when there are no threats at all.

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