MOSCOW. DECEMBER 27, 2022. PIR PRESS. The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with the new report “Prospects for preventing an Arms Race in Outer Space: Political and Legal Aspects” by Sarah Erickson.
This paper addresses the issue of preventing an arms race in outer space. Outer space systems are crucial in supporting the infrastructure of the modern civilization. The global community has a shared goal to protect the sustainability, safety, and security of outer space to preserve outer space functionality for continued human prosperity.
The increasing military activity and explicit dedication of outer space as a military domain in a growing number of national and regional defense policies threatens the sustained use of outer space. In addition, emerging technologies and outer space weapons capabilities threaten peaceful human exploration of outer space. Through analysis of the existing governance regime, this article proves that the system is inadequate in achieving a complete de-weaponization of outer space. The deficiencies of the existing framework allow a legal pathway for the development and deployment of any weapon type apart from weapons of mass destruction.
This analysis of the existing legal regime shows that substantial additional measures are needed to ensure the security of outer space. The study highlights a number of possibilities to overcome the political stagnation on the issue of outer space security. Those include pursuing nuanced technical agreements, applying an inclusive approach of binding and non-binding mechanisms, diversifying negotiating participants to include industry and civil society, and utilizing modern incentives to move the conversation forward on outer space security.
E16/CHOB – 12/22