MOSCOW. MARCH 10, 2022. PIR PRESS. The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with the new report “Russia and Iranian nuclear program: what steps are to be made to secure nonproliferation core principles and values?” by Darya Kheyrie.
Amid the anticipated resolution of the deadlock at the Vienna talks on the restoration of the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), Russia acts as a committed defender of the NPT regime and vocal supporter of the JCPOA as a means to preclude Iran’s potential joining the nuclear weapon states club. In this research paper, the author analyzes Russian and Iranian stances on the key issues regarding Tehran’s nuclear ambitions in both peaceful and military fields. The overview of 30 years of peaceful nuclear cooperation, as well as ups and downs around the Iranian nuclear dossier, vindicates Russia’s persistent line of action to promote collaboration with Iran when and if possible, with major points of contention being kept under close consideration. Today Russia and other members of the P5+1 negotiation with Iran could utilize this balanced Russian position. As a corollary, combination of Russia’s experience in the diplomatic problem-solving and technical assistance could help to restore the JCPOA, facilitate its implementation and contribute to the nonproliferation regime integrity in the end.