Fedor I. Ladygin (10.03.1937 – 11.12.2021). Colonel-General (ret.), formerly he was an Adviser of the Global Consulting Group. For more than 40 years, worked in the Soviet/Russian Armed Forces’ agencies. In 1992-1997, chief of the Main Intelligence Administration (GRU) of the RF Armed Forces General Staff. In 1990-1992, he participated, as the chief of the International Treaties Department of the Armed Forces General Staff, in the preparation of treaties and agreements in the area of arms control and disarmament, including: START-I; Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty; Open Skies Treaty; Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction. From 2002 until his death in 2021, Fedor Ladygin remained a PIR Center Advisory Board member.

Key scientific works:

  1. Security Index, No. 4 (111), Winter 2014. “Reduction of strategic offensive arms: history and lessons of the first Treaty”, Fedor Ladygin.
  2. The military-doctrinal basis of US foreign policy. Fedor Ladygin, Sergey Afanasyev. Moscow, 2017. (To Vladimir Orlov on the day of his fiftieth birthday from the author. Fedor Ladygin. October 4, 2018).
  3. Security Index, No. 6 (48), November–December 1999, p. 72. “On the nature of modern external challenges and threats to Russia’s national interests and security”, Fedor Ladygin.
  4. Participation on June 14, 2017 in the international seminar “Breakthrough Technologies, the future of deterrence and challenges to strategic stability” in Moscow. Fedor Ladygin’s speech from page 20.
  5. Fedor Ladygin’s quote about PIR Center in the PIRoga issue for 2004 (page 3).