UN General Assembly 1st Committee Voting Records on NPT-related agenda

26.01.2022

While the global community is focused on the continuously delayed NPT Review Conference, analysts contemplate over different alliances and forces represented at the Conference and their relations, we tend to put aside another significant global nonproliferation and disarmament forum – First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly. 

The UN General Assembly First Committee (GA1) is one of the primary platforms for deliberations on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament issues. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the UN Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations. From 4 October to 4 November 2021, the 76th Session of the UN GA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security took place. By observing the results of the Committee’s work, we can have more insight into the activeness of states in the nonproliferation field, the distribution of power and influence among different states, and general support of UN Member States to different nonproliferation issues.

GA1 totally adopted 56 resolutions, around 40 of which are related to nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament along with arms control. Below you can find a table with voting results for NPT-related draft resolutions. We also consider here draft resolutions on peaceful applications in space as one of the nuclear-weapon-free zones (according to the Outer Space Treaty of 1967). Even by such numbers, it is clear that nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation is a top disarmament priority of the United Nations as declared by António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General, before.

 

Nuclear disarmament

The general tendency in the nuclear disarmament pillar is, as mentioned before, the following: non-nuclear-weapon states introduce draft resolutions with an appeal to nuclear weapon states (NWS) to pursue negotiations towards nuclear disarmament. NWS mostly vote against such resolutions or at least abstain. Their main argument is that the current security situation does not allow to forgo nuclear deterrence. Moreover, as the Russian delegation repeatedly states, NPT's ultimate goal is general and complete disarmament while all current disarmament initiatives focus on nuclear disarmament only, which basically goes in disagreement with the core document on the nonproliferation regime.

 The major event in the GA1 was the adoption of the resolution 76/54 Joint courses of action and future-oriented dialogue towards a world without nuclear weapons or Japan resolution. It was traditionally introduced to the GA1 by Tokyo. The resolution contains measures to facilitate negotiations on nuclear disarmament. The nuclear P5 did not reach a consensus on the adoption of the draft resolution. The USA and the UK are co-sponsors. While last year France abstained from voting, this year it voted in favor. Russia and China traditionally voted “against”. Japan's anti-nuclear resolution focuses only on nuclear disarmament. For his part, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has repeatedly stated: “We assume that the complete elimination of nuclear weapons is possible only in the context of general and complete disarmament under conditions of equal and indivisible security for all, including nuclear weapons possessors, as stipulated by the NPT”.

However, there are points all NWS agree upon – (1) they are not ready to pursue nuclear disarmament seriously at this very moment; (2) they stick to the NPT Article VI that has no deadline for disarmament negotiations and strives for general and complete disarmament instead of just nuclear disarmament; (3) they reiterate that disarmament measures are the subject to separate agreements among NWS – not the subject to decide by non-nuclear-weapon states. Thus, they convergently vote against any paragraph of any resolution mentioning the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), as well as any ultimate demands to them to destroy their nuclear arsenals. They even voted against the resolution 76/31 Follow-up to nuclear disarmament obligations agreed to at the 1995, 2000 and 2010 Review Conferences of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons submitted by Iran. By that P5 states stress that, although the resolution clearly refers to past commitments made by the Nuclear Five towards nuclear disarmament, they will still not agree with the TPNW entry into force. That is why there is little chance of TPNW to be normally recognized by NWS and their close allies at the upcoming NPT Review Conference.

Another noteworthy point is that there is an unexpected point of agreement between Russia and the United States on nuclear disarmament. US and Russia continuously react negatively to paragraphs welcoming the Secretary-General’s disarmament agenda – Securing Our Common Future: An Agenda for Disarmament – and emphasizing the importance of its implementation (resolutions 76/45, 76/49, 76/53). They vote against retaining the paragraphs containing the mentioned document. It might be related to regular statements that current security architecture is not ready for nuclear disarmament. That is why Russia and the USA are currently having consultations on security guarantees and strategic stability dialogue – to ensure their own security before continuing negotiations about nuclear disarmament.

 

Disarmament radicals 

Another side of the coin are disarmament radicals, who, logically, have almost opposite behavior to the nuclear weapon states. Looking at voting records, it is noticeable that whenever all P5 vote against any resolution about nuclear disarmament, there are no states from disarmament radicals or from Non-Alignment Movement in the same list. Moreover, P5 tend to vote against resolutions submitted by abovementioned coalitions (except from the resolutions adopted by acclamation (76/37, 76/38, 76/39)). Mostly, it is because such resolutions mention TPNW in most cases. Also, nuclear-weapon states appeared to be sensitive to mentioning their nuclear doctrines as well as past commitments under the NPT.

The humanitarian initiative is another quite active movement in the nonproliferation field. By looking at the GA1 voting records, it becomes clear that humanitarian initiative is quite widely supported. The resolution 76/30 on Humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons had 90 sponsors that is almost a record number for the Committee, but NWS either voted against or abstained. However, the Japan resolution also contains some points about communication with hibakusha, which is a part of humanitarian initiative. The main conclusion that is possible here is that NWS are more likely to support some ideas related to disarmament if they are introduced by their allies as it happened with the Japan resolution or if they do not imply clear demand for action.

 

WMD-Free Zone in the Middle East

Similar to what happens at any discussion related to the creation of WMDFZ in the Middle East, the resolution 77/20 Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East had only one vote against – by Israel. In the explanation of the vote, Israel expressed its position about the issue: “Even though Israel had its own deep reservations on the language and modalities of this resolution, which have been voiced every year in our “Explanation of Position”, Israel supported this resolution for the sake of consensus, as Israel’s consistent approach was always constructive and consensus-oriented. It is very unfortunate that this long-standing practice was broken by the Arab group. By imposing a new unilateral and destructive resolution in 2018 entitled "Convening a Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction", the Arab group has altered the status quo and forced Israel to disassociate itself with the subject resolution”.  

Iran voted for the resolution but expressed its desire to change its contents in the explanation of vote: “Once again, we reiterate our urge to the sponsor of the resolution to delete PP9 and OP 4 regarding peace negotiations in the Middle East since no such peace negotiations exist. All we see in the Middle East is relentless Israeli aggression, brutal occupation, and reject the demand of the international community to participate in the Conference on establishing a Middle East free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction with the backing of the US”. The positions of the two states clearly depict the positions of states about the ME WMDFZ, though the position of Arab states became a little softer after the second session of Conference on the Establishment of a ME WMDFZ as they are trying to involve Israel in negotiations by any possible means.

 

Other issues of nuclear nonproliferation

There are painful issues for states that have been there for a lot of time and which they reiterated during the GA1 session. One of those is entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Noteworthy, the resolution was adopted by GA1 without a vote; the only state that voted against was the DPRK (during GA Plenary). The question is why there are still states that voted for the resolution but still have to ratify it, like the USA, for example?

Peaceful uses of outer space are also becoming more and more urgent. The idea of peaceful space is generally supported by states. However, as usual, Russia and China promoted their draft treaty on no first placement of weapons in outer space, but other P5 states voted against the resolution mentioning it; moreover, the resolution was supported by 124 states, which is rather few for GA voting.

Peaceful uses of nuclear technologies, nuclear safety and security are the agenda that is widely supported by states as well. The resolution on preventing terrorists from acquiring nuclear material was the most sponsored one (93 sponsors). 

 

Conclusion 

After analyzing GA1 voting records, the following tendencies were formulated:

  • Only resolutions reiterating existing treaties and formats are adopted without a vote. Almost each resolution, even the ones adopted by acclamation, has some paragraphs that triggered disagreement among Member States and required voting on amendments.
  • There are three most active state groups that are the same proactive at NPT Review process: P5 states, Non-Alignment Movement (Indonesia, Egypt), and Disarmament radicals (Austria). Also, NATO states without a failure support any resolution sponsored by the USA.
  • In most cases, P5 are divided in two blocks: Russia and China vs. USA, UK, France. Whenever an initiative is introduced or supported by one ‘block’, it is most certainly not supported by the other. The only cases P5 agree on are when resolutions are adopted without a vote or they agree in their opposition towards disarmament-oriented documents, especially those referring to TPNW a lot.
  • Points of convergence among major actors: physical nuclear security; safety and security of fissionable material. Points of disagreement: nuclear disarmament issues, regional nonproliferation and disarmament.
  • The situation around WMDFZ in the Middle East is the same as at other formats: regional parties maintain convergence in their wish to proceed with the negotiations, but Israel refuses to join negotiations.
  • The General Assembly did not adopt any principally new measures, the main purpose of states’ participation in it was to show their national position and test the soil before the NPT RevCon.

From the results of the GA1 work, it becomes clear that the disarmament pillar is going to cause the most disagreement at the upcoming RevCon, especially the relations between NPT and TPNW. The main feature of the RevCon is consensus-based decision-making, that is why NNWS, particularly disarmament radicals, won’t have an opportunity to push through their agenda by numeric advance as they did at the GA.


Table 1. GA1 Voting Records, 2021.

N

Resolution number

Resolution title

Sponsor/s (total number of sponsors)

GA1 voting record

Voted Against

Abstained

 

A/RES/76/234

 

Promoting international cooperation on peaceful uses in the context of international security

China (28)

75-55-43

Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Argentina, Armenia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Cabo Verde, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mexico, Morocco, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia. 

 

A/RES/76/230

 

Further practical measures for the prevention of an arms race in outer space

Russia (29)

126-9-46

 

Australia, Canada, France, Israel, Japan, Marshall Islands, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Djibouti, Estonia, Finland, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey. 

 

A/RES/76/66

 

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

Australia, Mexico and New Zealand (91)

Without a vote, but

182-1-3 at Plenary

DPRK (at GA Plenary voting)

 

 

A/RES/76/63

 

The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East

Egypt (on behalf of League of Arab States) (21)

148-6-27

Canada, Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau, United States of America. 

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Romania, South Sudan, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 

 

A/RES/76/61

 

United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament

A/76/PV.45

 

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/59

 

United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific

A/76/PV.45

 

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/58

 

United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

A/76/PV.45

 

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/57

 

United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa

A/76/PV.45

 

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/56

 

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons

A/76/PV.45

 

115-50-16

Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Micronesia, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, UK, USA

Belarus, Brazil, DPRK, Ecuador, Guyana, Japan, Malawi, Marshall Islands, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Serbia, South Sudan, Thailand, Zimbabwe

 

A/RES/76/55

 

Transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities

Russia(China, Russia, US+31 with no NATO states)

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/54

 

Joint courses of action and future-oriented dialogue towards a world without nuclear weapons

Japan (58)

152-4-30

 

China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Syria

 

Algeria, Austria, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Egypt, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Mexico, Myanmar, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Zimbabwe.

 

A/RES/76/53

 

Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons

Malaysia (50)

131-33-17

 

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Armenia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Djibouti, Finland, Georgia, Iceland, India, Japan, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Serbia, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania. 

 

A/RES/76/52

 

Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials

Argentina and Brazil 

without a vote

 

 

 

 

A/RES/76/51

 

Treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices

Canada (3)

177-1-6

 

Pakistan. 

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Israel, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic. 

 

A/RES/76/49

 

Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world: accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments

South Africa (20)

 

135-34-15

 

Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czechia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

(Russia and the USA against a paragraph about SG Disarmament agenda;

India, Pakistan, Israel, USA are against paragraph about NPT universality;)

 

Armenia, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Finland, Georgia, Iceland, Japan, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Serbia, South Sudan, Ukraine. 

 

A/RES/76/48

 

Universal Declaration on the Achievement of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World

Kazakhstan (34)

 

133-24-25

 

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Japan, Madagascar, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, South Sudan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania. 

 

A/RES/76/46

 

Nuclear disarmament

Myanmar(17)

119-41-23

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Bhutan, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Haiti, India, Ireland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Malta, New Zealand, Pakistan, Republic of Moldova, San Marino, Serbia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sweden, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe. 

 

A/RES/76/45

 

Youth, disarmament and non-proliferation

Republic of Korea (84)

without a vote

 

 

 

 

A/RES/76/44

 

Nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas

A/76/PV.45

 

149-5-31

 

 

 

 

A/RES/76/41

 

Regional disarmament

Pakistan(15)

without a vote

 

 

 

 

A/RES/76/40

 

Promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non proliferation

Indonesia (Movement of Non-Aligned Countries)

125-4-51

 

Israel, Micronesia (Federated States of), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tonga, Turkey, Ukraine. 

 

A/RES/76/39

 

Observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control

Indonesia (Movement of Non-Aligned Countries)

without a vote

 

 

 

 

A/RES/76/38

 

Convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament

Indonesia (Movement of Non-Aligned Countries)

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/37

 

Relationship between disarmament and development

Indonesia (Movement of Non-Aligned Countries)

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/36

 

Follow-up to the 2013 high-level meeting of the General Assembly on nuclear disarmament

Indonesia (Movement of Non-Aligned Countries)

138-34-11

 

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Finland, Georgia, Japan, Malawi, Serbia, South Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine. 

 

A/RES/76/35

 

Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive wastes

Nigeria (Group of African States+1)

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/34

 

Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Austria (70)

123-42-16

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Czechia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Argentina, Armenia, Belarus, Finland, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Marshall Islands, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, South Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tonga, Ukraine. 

 

A/RES/76/33

 

Compliance with non-proliferation, arms limitation and disarmament agreements and commitments

USA (79)

166-3-10

China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Iran (Islamic Republic of). 

Belarus, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, Nicaragua, Russian Federation, Syrian Arab Republic, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Zimbabwe. 

 

A/RES/76/31

 

Follow-up to nuclear disarmament obligations agreed to at the 1995, 2000 and 2010 Review Conferences of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons

Iran 

108-44-25

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Afghanistan, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Chad, China, Djibouti, Georgia, India, Japan, Kenya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, South Sudan, Switzerland, Tonga, Turkey, United Republic of Tanzania. 

 

A/RES/76/30

 

Humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons

Austria (90)

140-12-31

 

Czechia, Estonia, France, Hungary, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Albania, Armenia, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Georgia, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Sudan, Spain, Turkey and Ukraine. 

 

A/RES/76/28

 

Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction

India (93, among which there are US and European states)

without a vote

 

 

 

 

A/RES/76/27

 

Reducing nuclear danger

India (20)

120-50-13

 

Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Argentina, Armenia, Belarus, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Georgia, Haiti, Japan, Malawi, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Serbia, South Sudan. 

 

A/RES/76/25

 

Ethical imperatives for a nuclear-weapon-free world

 

South Africa (30)

129-37-14

Albania, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America.

Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cameroon, China, Congo, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Georgia, Haiti, India, Japan, Malawi, Pakistan, Serbia, South Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland. 

 

A/RES/76/23

 

No first placement of weapons in outer space

Russia (35)

124-35-22

Albania, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. 

Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Côte d’Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Greece, Haiti, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Malta, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, San Marino, Solomon Islands, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey. 

 

A/RES/76/22

 

Prevention of an arms race in outer space

Egypt and Sri Lanka (27, incl. Russia)

without a vote

 

 

 

A/RES/76/21

 

Conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons

Pakistan (22)

126-0-59

 

 

 

A/RES/76/20

 

Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East

Egypt

171-1-6 

Israel

Cameroon, Congo, Malawi, Papua New Guinea, South Sudan, USA

 

A/RES/76/18

 

African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty

Nigeria (on behalf of Group of African States) (13)

without a vote

 

 


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